Richard Kolb

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Richard Kolb (born June 29, 1891 in Bamberg ; died September 16, 1945 in Bad Reichenhall ) was a German broadcast director during the Nazi era .


Richard Kolb was an artillery officer in the First World War and retired with the rank of captain . Kolb became one of the first members of the NSDAP in 1921 and, after its founding, a member of the SA , was Adolf Hitler's top management and weapons officer . In 1923 Kolb was in the front row participant in the march to the Feldherrnhalle and therefore a blood medalist .

Later he became a member of the NSDAP again (membership number 659.290) and the SS (membership number 60.827). He came to radio as editor of the "Bayerische Radiozeitung", some of the essays written there were summarized in 1932 under the title "Horoskop des Hörspiels", published by the publishing house of the radio magazine "Rufer und Hörer". With his writing “Schicksalsstunde des Rundfunks” he recommended himself as a radio expert in the party in which he was part of Gregor Strasser's wing . After the " Preussenschlag " of July 20, 1932, among other things, the director Hans Flesch was dismissed on August 15, and Kolb became head of the radio hour in Berlin on Masurenallee in October 1932 under the acting director Friedrich Carl Duske. In his writing, he had accused Flesch of post hacking and a lack of understanding for the "penetration of radio with German and Christian ideas".


Torchlight procession for Hitler's rise to power
SPD politicians and radio workers as prisoners in the Oranienburg concentration camp . From right: Kurt Magnus , Hans Flesch , Heinrich Giesecke , Alfred Braun , Friedrich Ebert junior and Ernst Heilmann (August 1933)

On January 30, 1933, Kolb organized a short-term radio report about the torchlight procession about the " seizure of power ".

From February 1933 Kolb acted as artistic director in Berlin and on April 19, 1933, moved to Bayerischen Rundfunk GmbH in Munich as artistic director .

Kolb was at its political climax when Joseph Goebbels introduced him to the Munich Funkhaus on April 23, 1933:

“In those weeks, I often spent hours talking to your new director, who is now in Munich, about the tasks of broadcasting. I owe him many suggestions, I owe him a wealth of thoughts that were later put into practice when we took broadcasting into our own hands. "

Kolb himself:

“If the national movement has grown so rapidly and made tremendous progress in the last few weeks that the number of 17 million has probably more than doubled, the radio has earned a large part of it. Because the experience of a speech by the Fuehrer grew beyond the thousands present in the hall to the innumerable mass of listeners [...] Today radio is not a phenomenon in itself, detached from the fate of the German people, but an instrument of the same, and the spirit, who uses this instrument is the spirit of class reconciliation and national community. Anyone who is allowed to build and help on the radio is no longer an employee of just one broadcasting company, but a servant of the new state and the people, a servant of the greatest instrument of mass influence, which is not only a mirror of his time, but the activist state idea and the lively and creative public opinion. "

University of Jena

Allegedly at the instigation of Eugen Hadamovsky , he resigned in Munich on October 1, 1933, his successor in Munich at the Reichsender München became Hellmuth Habersbrunner on January 1, 1934 . Because of his membership of the Strasser wing in the party, after its fall in early 1933, he no longer had sufficient support in the party. Even were his broadcasting political views that "the Weimar system" on refraction of against state monopoly were directed at the expense of the share of fees of broadcasters German postal should increase now as part of the DC circuit no longer opportune. While Kolb's radio career was over, radio under Goebbels and Hadamovsky took the upswing anticipated by Kolb.

Nothing is known about Kolb's activities between 1934 and 1937. He was still at the top of the Nazi hierarchy of the old fighters and marched on November 9 at commemorative ceremonies for the Hitler putsch in line with Friedrich Weber , Hermann Göring , Adolf Hitler , Ulrich Graf and Hermann Kriebel from the Bürgerbräukeller to the Feldherrnhalle .

Although he lacked a university degree, Kolb received a teaching position in 1937 at the instigation of the Deputy Leader's staff, and in 1938 an associate professor for military history and philosophy at the University of Jena . In Jena he denounced Ricarda Huch and her son-in-law Franz Böhm , who was meanwhile also SS-Hauptsturmführer ( honorary leader ), with quotations from a private conversation . Kolb's letter of May 11, 1937 triggered proceedings under the Treachery Act , and Böhm was withdrawn from teaching at Jena University in 1938. Huch, and with it Böhm, were under the protection of the National Socialist Reich Minister of Justice Franz Gürtner .

After the outbreak of war, Kolb reported again as an officer in the Wehrmacht and was awarded the Knight's Cross in 1941 as the commander of a flak regiment . When he was injured in the war, Kolb took his own life in the Bad Reichenhall military hospital in 1945.

Media theory

After 1945, media practice continued Richard Kolb's reflections on radio play theory, and media theory also cited him, without noticing the "old warrior" and informers, as an expert on the "radio play of inwardness".


  • The development of the artistic radio play from the essence of radio , in: Rufer und Hörer . Berlin, Deutscher Kunstverlag, Volume 1, Issue 5, 1931
  • The horoscope of the radio play , Berlin: Max Hesse Verlag, 1932
  • Fateful hour of broadcasting , Berlin: Brunnen-Verlag Willi Bischoff, 1932
  • with Heinrich Siekmeier : Radio and film in the service of national culture , Düsseldorf: Floeder, 1933


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Acting director of the radio hour could also have been Erich Scholz.
  2. The weekly publication of the Reich Association of German Broadcasting Participants EV “Der Deutsche Sender” praises Kolb in its 9/1933 edition of February 26, 1933: “The social-democratic Volksfunk maliciously insults Kolb. This proves that Kolb is on the right path to lead radio up to its trend-setting tasks in national Germany. "
  3. Kolb, Schicksalsstunde des Rundfunks , p. 4
  4. Reinhard Döhl, Hanns Joachim Tannewitz "Oil". On the dramaturgy of the radio play in the Third Reich. At: doehl.netzliteratur
  5. quoted in Reinhard Döhl, ibid.
  6. Radio history, Bavarian broadcasting district (PDF; 194 kB), organization charts at BR
  7. The private invitation came from Walter Weddigen (1895–1978), professor of economics and social sciences, and wife, Luise, geb. Göbel (December 28, 1901 in Alexandria). Kolb was invited with his wife. See Joachim Hendel [edit.]: Ways of Science in National Socialism: Documents on the University of Jena, 1933–1945 . Stuttgart: Steiner 2007. ISBN 978-3-515-09006-3 , pp. 183f
  8. Ines Geipel : Censored, concealed, forgotten. Women authors in East Germany 1945–1989 . Düsseldorf: Artemis & Winkler 2009 excerpt
  9. ^ Letter printed by Joachim Hendel: Ways of Science in National Socialism , pp. 181–183
  10. Alexander Hollerbach: Streiflichter on the life and work of Franz Böhms (1895–1977) PDF
  11. see
  12. Files of the party chancellery entry on Richard Kolb under # 12600