SWB bus and train
|Stadtwerke Bonn Verkehrs-GmbH (SWBV)|
|owner||Stadtwerke Bonn Beteiligungs-GmbH (SWBB)|
|Transport network||VRS , VRM|
|number of vehicles|
|Tram cars||24 low floor|
|Light rail car||75|
which 109 standard buses
and 74 articulated buses
|Passengers||92 million per year (including SSB )|
million km per year, railways 7.4 million km per year
|Stops||approx. 800 total of
which 64 light rail
and 500 with weather protection
|Length of line network|
|Light rail lines||125.36 km|
|Bus routes||663 km|
|Depots||Friesdorf, Beuel, Dransdorf|
The Stadtwerke Bonn Verkehrs-GmbH (SWBV) (SWB or SWBV) - also known as the SWB bus and train operates - is a municipal transport company in Bonn and the surrounding area. It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Stadtwerke Bonn through a holding company and participates in the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg (VRS).
SWB-V has several subsidiaries and holdings. In addition to a transport company (SWB Mobil) with lower wages, which is not bound by the collective agreement for the public service (TVöD), it is jointly with the Rhein-Sieg district owner of the electrical railways of the city of Bonn and the Rhein-Sieg district oHG (SSB) which she has been running since 2004. In addition, SWB-V is involved in Regionalverkehr Köln GmbH (RVK) and was in charge of the bus company Transdev SZ (formerly: SZ Verkehrsbetriebe) in northern Rhineland-Palatinate from 2004 to the beginning of 2019 . In the summer of 2005, Verkehrsbetriebe Westfalen-Süd AG (VWS) ( Siegen ) was also taken over, which was put up for sale in 2008.
SWB Bus und Bahn and the electric railways of the city of Bonn and the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis (SSB) transport around 92 million passengers annually on a total of 48 bus routes, including six joint routes (537, 541, 550, 551, 640 and SB55) and ten night bus lines, plus six light rail lines and three tram lines in the Bonn city area, Siegburg and Bad Honnef. Today's uniform operation of six light rail , three tram and 48 bus lines goes back to a number of individual companies. Line 66 to Siegburg is operated by the Stadtwerke together with the electric railways of the city of Bonn and the Rhein-Sieg district (SSB, 50 percent subsidiary of SWB-V) and lines 16 and 18 together with the Cologne transport company (KVB) operated. The latter operate between Cologne and Bonn on the route network of the ports and goods traffic Cologne (HGK) according to railway regulations , which is why the SWB-V are also approved as a railway company .
In addition to the usual advertising on the vehicles, SWB pursues a concept of line sponsorship . Vehicles that carry full advertising by the sponsor are almost exclusively used on the sponsored lines . In addition, the name of the sponsor appears at all stops touched and in all timetables. One tram line, two bus lines and all nine night bus lines were sponsored up to December 14, 2008, with the vehicles of the night bus lines in normal regular service during the day. Currently only one night bus line is sponsored. The vehicles previously used on the sponsor lines are now running on regular scheduled services.
The rail network of the SWB consists of two overlapping parts: On the one hand there is a tram network with three lines that meet at the town hall, so that each branch is used by two lines. However, line 65 only runs in school traffic and as an entry and exit route for line 61 from / to the depot in Beuel. Only low-floor trams operate on the tram network , which enable level entry on slightly elevated curbs ( stop caps ). In 2004 almost two thirds of all stops were equipped accordingly.
On the other hand, there is a light rail network , which the population also calls the underground . It is concentrated around a central tunnel and an underground junction at the main train station. During the day, 15-18 trains per hour and direction run in the tunnel. Another tunnel replaced the single-track through-road in Bad Godesberg in 1994 and extended the route by one station to the south to the town hall.
The bus network is star-shaped towards the bus station at the main train station . With the exception of four tangential lines and six lines in the Bad Godesberg district, all lines touch the main station. Most lines are served every 20 minutes during the day, with a 10-minute cycle being achieved on many routes by overlapping lines. RSVG and RVK lines that pass through Bonn usually run every 20 to 30 minutes. In the evening it is thinned out every 30 minutes.
Traditionally, the single-digit line numbers in Bonn were reserved for trams and the block of ten for the lines of the Bonn trolleybus . After the trolleybus operation ceased and Bad Godesberg was incorporated, the lines in Godesberg were instead given line numbers 10 and following. With the introduction of the VRS standard three-digit line numbers, all line numbers were preceded by the number 6 - corresponding to the number of the Bonn timetable area. The lowest line number was the 610. This scheme has since survived several network reforms, even if there was a brief 608 line.
In June 2008 the City Council of Bonn decided on a new bus concept that was introduced on December 14, 2008. New line numbers were assigned based on the changed routing and route records: The main lines are numbered 600 to 615 and 640 and the secondary lines are numbered 630 to 639. For the first time there is also a taxi bus service. If necessary, this is served by vehicles from local taxi companies. The main lines are grouped into pairs of lines, which are largely run in parallel and whose cycles should overlap, so that on many sections of the route there is a 10-minute cycle during the day and a 15-minute cycle in the evening and on the weekend. No secondary line runs through the main station, as these run as cross connections to the main lines. Through the 'Lead City Bonn' project, SWB Bus und Bahn are funded with 37.5 million euros. As a result, local public transport in the greater Bonn area will be condensed and optimized. Line 615 has been discontinued. It will now be replaced by line 639 and improvements in the bus network. On Saturdays the buses now also run every 20 minutes, on Sundays the 60-minute intervals will be shortened in the morning hours. In addition, the SWB now also operate the new 540 bus, which strengthens the 640 on weekdays. The RSVG and RVK also condense and optimize their lines significantly. The frequencies of the tram and light rail lines are also being compressed.
Lines of Stadtwerke Bonn:
|line||Route||Cycle (Mon – Fri / Sat / Sun)|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel Mitte - Schwarzrheindorf - Geislar - Meindorf - Menden - Sankt Augustin Zentrum
(joint license with RSVG)
|20/20 / -|
|Ippendorf Altenheim - Venusberg - Südstadt - Bonn Hbf - Castell - Graurheindorf - Hafen - Kranenweg||20/20/30|
|Venusberg University Hospital - Poppelsdorf - Bonn Hbf - Castell - Auerberg - Tannenbusch Mitte - Agnetendorfer Straße||10-20 / 20/30|
|(Venusberg Uniklinikum -) Waldau - Ippendorf - Poppelsdorf - Bonn Hbf - Stadthaus - Nordstadt - Tannenbusch Mitte - Agnetendorfer Straße||10-20 / 20/30|
|Röttgen - Ippendorf - Poppelsdorf - Bonn main station - Konrad-Adenauer-Platz - Beuel Ost - Neu Vilich - Alte Schulstrasse||20/20/30|
|Ückesdorf - Lengsdorf - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - Stadthaus - Nordstadt - Kopenhagener Straße - Buschdorf - Hersel||20/20/30|
|Duisdorf Bf - Duisdorf Mitte - Lengsdorf - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - Stadthaus - Nordstadt - Kopenhagener Straße - Graurheindorf - Mondorfer Ferry||20/20/30|
|Malteser Hospital - Medinghoven - Duisdorf Bf - Duisdorf Mitte - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - Beuel Hospital - Limperich - Ramersdorf||20/20/30|
|Malteser Hospital - Medinghoven - Duisdorf Bf - Duisdorf Mitte - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - Beuel Mitte - Beuel Bf - Limperich - Ramersdorf||20/20/30|
|Hardthöhe Südwache - Brüser Berg - Finkenhof - Duisdorf Mitte - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - Beuel Mitte - Beuel Ost - Pützchen - Bechlinghoven - Kohlkaul - Gielgen||20/20/30|
|Hardthöhe Südwache - Brüser Berg - Duisdorf Mitte - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - Beuel Mitte - Beuel Ost - Pützchen - Bechlinghoven - Finkenweg - Holzlar - Gielgen||20/20/30|
|Duisdorf Bf - Lessenich - Dransdorf - Endenich Nord Bf - Endenich - Bonn Hbf - UN-Campus Bf - Heussallee - Gronau - Plittersdorf - Bad Godesberg Bf / Rheinallee - Rüngsdorf - Mehlem Bf - Mehlem Ort - Giselherstrasse||10-20 / 20/30|
|Lessenich Sports Ground - Lessenich - Meßdorf - Dransdorf - Endenich Nord Bf - Endeich - Bonn Hbf - UN Campus Bf - Heussallee - Gronau - Plittersdorf - Bad Godesberg Bf / Rheinallee - Bad Godesberg Mitte - Muffendorf - Heiderhof||20/20/30|
|Hindenburgplatz - Dottendorf - Friesdorf - Bad Godesberg Mitte - Pennenfeld - Lannesdorf - Mehlem ferry||20/20/30|
|Heiderhof - Muffendorf - Bad Godesberg Mitte - Bad Godesberg Bf / Rheinallee - Rüngsdorf - Mehlem Bf - Mehlem Ort - Giselherstrasse||20/20/30|
|(Hindenburgplatz - Dottendorf -) Koblenzer Straße - Stadthalle - Pennenfeld - Mehlem Bf - Lannesdorf - Giselherstraße - Im Rosenberg||20/20/30|
|Agnetendorfer Straße - Buschdorf - Tannenbusch Mitte - Dransdorf - Lessenich - Duisdorf Bf - Medinghoven - Brüser Berg - Ückesdorf - Ippendorf - Venusberg Uniklinikum (- Kessenich - Hindenburgplatz - Heussallee - Gronau)||15-30 / 30/60|
|Agnetendorfer Strasse - Tannenbusch Mitte - Dransdorf - Endenich Nord Bf - Poppelsdorf - Kessenich - Dottendorf - Friesdorf - Robert-Schuman-Platz||30/30/60|
|Venusberg University Hospital - Poppelsdorf - Endenich - Nordstadt - Chlodwigplatz - Beuel Hospital - Beuel Bf||30/30/60|
|Duisdorf Bf - Alfter - Roisdorf Bf - Bornheim - Sechtem Bf||30/30 / -|
|Ramersdorf - Küdinghoven - Pützchen - Holzlar - Hangelar Ost||30/60 / -|
|Beuel Mitte - Beuel Bf - Küdinghoven - Ramersdorf - Holtorf - Gielgen - Hangelar Ost||30/60/60|
|Bad Godesberg train station / Rheinallee - Muffendorf - Miramonti - Bad Godesberg train station / Rheinallee||30/60/120|
|Robert-Schuman-Platz - Plittersdorf - Bad Godesberg Bf / Rheinallee - Bad Godesberg center - Schweinheim - Protestant hospital||30/30/60|
|Evangelical Hospital - Schweinheim - Bad Godesberg Mitte - Bad Godesberg Bf / Löbestraße||30/30/60|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel Mitte - Schwarzrheindorf - Geislar - Meindorf - Menden - Mülldorf - Siegburg Bf
(joint license with RSVG)
|Lessenich sports field - Duisdorf train station - Gielsdorf
(RVK minibus line)
|30/60 / -|
|Bonn Hbf - Cologne / Bonn Airport||30/30 / 30-60|
|Bonn Hbf - Endeich - Brüser Berg - Hardthöhe Südwache||only HVZ 20 / - / -|
RSVG lines in Bonn:
|line||Route||Cycle (Mon – Fri / Sat / Sun)|
|Vilich-Müldorf Church - Pützchen - Holzlar - Hoholz - Rott - Hennef Bf||30/60/120|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel Hospital - Beuel Bf - Pützchen / Bechlinghoven - Sankt Augustin Center - Buisdorf - Hennef Bf||30/30/60|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel Hospital - Beuel Bf - Pützchen Süd - Vinxel - Stieldorf (- Thomasberg) - Oberpleis Bbf||30/30/60|
|Bonn Hbf - Chlodwigplatz - Ministry of the Interior - Niederkassel - Mondorf - Rheidt - Ranzel - Köln-Wahn station||20/20/30|
|Bonn Hbf - Konrad-Adenauer-Platz - Bergheim - Eschmar - Sieglar - Troisdorf station||20/20/30|
|At the new Lindenhof - Josephinum - Sieglar RSVG||only on school days in peak hours, 30 / - / -|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel Mitte - Niederkassel - Mondorf - Rheidt - Ranzel - Lülsdorf Nord - Cologne-Zündorf - Cologne-Wahn station||10-20 / 30/30|
RVK lines in Bonn:
|line||Route||Cycle (Mon – Fri / Sat / Sun)|
|Bonn main station - Endeich - Duisdorf center - Duisdorf train station - Witterschlick - Volmershoven - Lüftelberg - Rheinbach||60/60/120|
|Volmershoven - Witterschlick Bf - Brüser Berg||60/60/60 (sa / sun taxi bus )|
|Posener Weg - Tannenbusch Mitte - Roisdorf Bf - Brenig - Heimerzheim Fronhof - Rheinbach Bf||30/60/60|
|Alfter Hertersplatz - Alfter Impekoven - Duisdorf Bf - Duisdorf Mitte - Brüser Berg - Ückesdorf - Merl - Meckenheim industrial park||30/60/60|
|Bonn main station - Endeich - Duisdorf center - Duisdorf train station - Buschhoven - Morenhoven - Heimerzheim Fronhof||30/30/60|
|Bad Godesberg Rheinufer - Bad Godesberg Bf / Rheinallee - Villip - Merl - Meckenheim Bf||30/30/60|
|Bad Godesberg Bf / Löbestraße - Mehlem Bf - Ließem - Gimmersdorf - Berkum EKZ - Werthhoven - Oedingen Wendeschleife||30/30/60|
|Bad Godesberg Bf / Löbestraße - Mehlem Bf - Niederbachem - Berkum EKZ - Adendorf - Meckenheim Bf||30/30/60|
|line||course||Cycle (Mon – Fri / Sat / Sun)|
|Poppelsdorfer Allee - Lotharstrasse||60/60 / -|
|Röttgen - Ückesdorf||60/60 / -|
|Bad Godesberg train station / Rheinallee - Kapellenweg||60/60 / -|
|Endeich Nord Bf - Roisdorf Bf (RVK line)||30–60 / 60 / -|
In addition to their own buses, vehicles from subcontractors are also used on almost all SWB lines . There has been a strong concentration here in recent years, so that these services are now provided exclusively by RegioBus Rheinland (RBR), a subsidiary of RVK .
In addition, vehicles and personnel from the SWB subsidiary SWB mobil are used, which, however, do not differ from “normal” SWB vehicles from a passenger perspective. From a business point of view, the decisive difference is that a different collective agreement applies to employees of SWB mobil than to employees of SWB Bus und Bahn .
The night bus network consists of ten lines, N1 to N10, which depart from the main station on circular routes, as well as lines 66, 550 and 640. There are three to four departures every hour during the week, and five on Fridays and Saturdays, always at minute 35 at the main train station. As a special feature, all night bus routes were sponsored by companies based in Bonn until December 14, 2008. On December 13, 2015, the routes of the night bus routes were shortened and optimized.
List of night bus routes in Bonn :
|Bonn Hbf - Nordstadt - Auerberg - Buschdorf - Tannenbusch - Nordstadt - Bonn Hbf|
|Bonn main station - Endenich - Duisdorf - Medinghoven - Brüser Berg - Lengsdorf - Bonn main station|
|Bonn main station - Südstadt - Kessenich - Dottendorf - Bad Godesberg station - Plittersdorf - Friesdorf - Dottendorf - Kessenich - Südstadt - Bonn main station|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel - Neu Vilich - Pützchen - Kohlkaul - Gielgen - Holtorf - Beuel - Bonn Hbf|
|Bonn main station - Poppelsdorf - Venusberg - Ippendorf - Röttgen - Ückesdorf - Ippendorf - Poppelsdorf - Bonn main station|
|Bonn Hbf - Südstadt - Lengsdorf - Brüser Berg - Duisdorf - Endenich - Südstadt - Bonn Hbf|
|Bonn main station - Hochkreuz - Bad Godesberg middle - Pennenfeld - Lannesdorf - Mehlem - Rüngsdorf - Bad Godesberg station - Hochkreuz - Bonn main station|
|Bonn Hbf - Beuel Süd - Oberkassel - Ramersdorf - Küdinghoven - Beuel - Bonn Hbf|
|Bonn Hbf - Endeich Nord - Dransdorf - Lessenich - Duisdorf - Alfter-Impekoven - Oedekoven - Alfter (Stadtbahn) - Dransdorf - Bonn Hbf|
|Bonn main station - Kaiserstraße - Rheinaue - Plittersdorf - Bad Godesberg train station - Heiderhof - Bad Godesberg center - Hochkreuz - Kaiserstraße - Bonn main station|
The first railways in Bonn opened on April 19, 1891 as a horse-drawn tram . The railway was built by Havestadt, Contag & Cie. , with which the city of Bonn had signed a contract on August 22nd and 25th, 1890. The operator of the railway was the AG Rheinische-Westfälische Bahngesellschaft , which was founded on November 19, 1889 by the government builder Christian Havestadt and several banks in Berlin. In Bonn, she was also in 1891 by Havestadt & Contag built half Villa Coblenzerstraße 212 (now Adenauer Allee 212 home).
The company Havestadt, Contag & Cie. initially opened two lines. The first led from the intersection of Koblenzer Straße / Reuterstraße (today Bundeskanzlerplatz ) to the market , drove on the way there via Münsterplatz and Poststraße to the train station and from there to Poppelsdorf . The opposite direction led from the train station through Wesselstrasse back to the market . The second line led from the market to Wilhelmsplatz .
In the next few years the network was expanded as follows:
|1891||Wilhelmsplatz - Kölnstrasse - Heerstrasse|
|1896-1907||Crossing Coblenzer Strasse / Reuterstrasse - Rheinweg - Pützstrasse in Kessenich|
After the routes were sold to the AG Rheinische-Westfälische Bahngesellschaft on October 27, 1899 , the horse-drawn tram was only extended for the last time in 1903 . It was extended from Poppelsdorfer Allee to Jagdweg in Endenich .
With a contract dated October 15 and 17, 1904, the horse trams became the property of the city of Bonn. The city closed the horse-drawn trams as follows:
|June 29, 1906||Ellerstrasse - market|
|September 28, 1906||Koblenzer Strasse - Market|
|October 3, 1907||Poppelsdorfer Allee - Endenich|
|October 3, 1907||Poppelsdorf - market|
|November 24, 1909||Pützstrasse - Koblenzer Strasse|
Except for the latter, all horse-drawn trams have been converted into electric trams. The horse tram depots were next to the Villa Loeschigk , today's Palais Schaumburg.
Tram Bonn – Godesberg – Mehlem
Main article: Tram Bonn – Godesberg – Mehlem
Initially as a steam train, the Bonn – Godesberg – Mehlem tram (BGM) connected Bonn, Godesberg and Mehlem from 1892. The line to Bad Godesberg is now a light rail line, the section between Bad Godesberg and Mehlem was closed in 1976.
Railways of the city of Bonn
Parallel to the horse-drawn trams operated by Havestadt, Contag & Cie. the city implemented its own plans to build a tram. After a Rhine bridge from Bonn to Beuel was completed in 1898 with funds from Bonn's citizenship , Havestadt, Contag & Cie. the desire to use the bridge with the horse-drawn trams. This was rejected by the city of Bonn. On March 11, 1898, the city received a concession from the railway administration in Cologne to build and operate a meter- gauge small railway .
On May 21, 1902, the 2.8 kilometer long tram built by Siemens & Schuckert went into operation between the train stations in Bonn and Beuel.
After the horse and steam railways had passed into the ownership of the city on October 15 and 17, 1904, it was decided on December 7, 1905 to electrify the horse-drawn railway line and re- gauge it to standard gauge . In the next few years the following changes and new buildings took place:
|September 15, 1906||Friedrichplatz - Sternstrasse - Markt - Stockenstrasse - Koblenzer Tor - Koblenzer Strasse - Weberstrasse|
|September 29, 1906||Weberstraße - Siebengebirgsstraße in Gronau - Gronauer Stadthalle|
|March 1, 1907||Railway station - Poppelsdorf|
|December 6, 1907||Train station - Bonner Talweg - Moltkestraße - Argelanderstraße - Venusberg|
|August 28, 1908||Rheindorf - Rheindorfer Strasse - Herpenstrasse in Grau-Rheindorf|
|August 14, 1915||Kessenich - Dottendorf|
|September 1915||Friedensplatz - Bornheimer Straße - Victoria Bridge - Beethovenplatz|
Up until 1936, the networks in the city center of Bonn were separate. On March 7, 1905, the management of the Reichsbahn refused to allow the crossing of the horse-drawn railway with the tracks of the Reichsbahn for electrical operation. Only the exchange of unoccupied cars was permitted.
During the Second World War , the railway suffered considerable damage to its vehicle fleet and route network. After operations had to be stopped several times and in sections, operations were completely stopped in January 1945. By October 1, 1946, the network was back in operation, apart from a few smaller sections. Among other things, the route to the Venusberg was not resumed because this part of the city was inhabited by the Allied occupation forces.
On August 28, 1949, the section between Koblenzer Straße and Gronau was converted to bus operation. It was important to the members of the federal government that they could move their cars unhindered in the government district without having to worry about the tram.
After the restoration of the Rhine bridge, Beuel could be reached again by tram from November 12, 1949. After the two lines from the train station to Poppelsdorf and from Endenich to Rheindorfer Strasse were closed for financial reasons on October 4, 1953 , Bonn only had three tram lines. On April 3, 1955, the routes from Venusberg and Endenich to the train station fell victim to the same reasons. Thus there was only line 1 from Dottendorf to Rheindorf and line 2 from Dottendorf to Beuel.
On November 1, 1966, line 1 was relocated as part of the construction of the new motorway . Another change took place in September 1974 when both lines were relocated from the city center due to the establishment of the pedestrian zone . In 1976, the federal government tried again to make the tram, which it considered annoying and superfluous, disappear from the cityscape, but it did not succeed, partly due to popular resistance.
On August 19, 1994, the new line from Graurheindorf to Auerberg was put into operation. Because the new terminus no turning loop has any old (at that time were setup -) tramcar retired and ( bi-directional -) replaced low-floor trams.
Cologne-Bonner Eisenbahnen AG
In a joint service with the Kölner Verkehrsbetriebe (KVB), Stadtwerke Bonn has been operating two light rail lines according to railway regulations (EBO) on the network of the Cologne-Bonn Railways (KBE) and its successor HGK between Bonn and Cologne since 1978 .
Historical association SWB
Since February 2006, the association founded and supported by employees of SWB has been committed to imparting knowledge about 120 years of historical development in Bonn's local transport. The association appears in public with information events, exhibitions and the preservation of historical vehicles and equipment. The oldest surviving standard bus from Bonn, still painted in green , is a Mercedes-Benz O 305 , which the association bought and restored in 2009. It has been used for special trips and rented out since 2014.
- Website of the SWB Bus und Bahn
- Railways in Bonn - history and new ideas
- Busse in Bonn - photos and history since 1969
- Website of the historical association SWB
References and comments
- SWB bus and train in the VRM - SWB bus and train - Stadtwerke-Bonn. Retrieved January 13, 2019 .
- www.bahninfo.de - SWB sell VWS. Retrieved January 13, 2019 .
- today Heussallee