Telemachus was a child when his father Odysseus left for the Trojan War . The story of his adolescence is told in the first four songs of the Odyssey. Accordingly, as a young man, he received advice from Athene , who stood by him in the form of Mentes during his youth, to inquire about his father with Nestor in Pylos and Menelaus in Sparta . In the latter place he learned that Odysseus could still be alive.
On the way back from Pylos to Ithaca, Telemachus, warned by Athena, escaped an assassination attempt by the suitors who were planning an ambush from the island of Asteris. When he returned home, he met Eumaios, the swineherd, his father, who had been transformed into a beggar by Athena. The latter revealed himself to him, and Telemachus then assisted him in killing Penelope's suitors.
Telemachos' later story is told in different ways : After Telegonia , after the death of Odysseus, he and Penelope are taken to Aiaia by his half-brother Telegonos , where Kirke takes him as a husband and Telegonos marries Penelope. Kirke gives Telemachus and Penelope immortality. According to another saga tradition that z. B. Hellanikos reproduced, Telemachus travels to the Phaiacs , where he falls in love with Nausicaa and marries her. The two testify to the Ptoliporthos , according to other sources Persepolis (also Perseptolis). According to Hesiod , however, Persepolis was the result of a marriage between Telemachus and Nestor's daughter, Polycaste .
Telemachos as an object of music, theater, painting and literature
- Telemachos' experiences in the realm of calypso are staged in Alessandro Scarlatti's opera Telemaco from 1718.
- His fate dealt the famous novel of development of Fénelon : Les Adventures of Telemachus , 1695 (the first time in 1733 in German The strange events of Telemachus ).
- The 1995 published novel Telemachus by Michael Köhlmeier received the Grimmelshausen Prize .
- Christoph Willibald Gluck composed Telemaco ossia L'isola di Circe for the wedding of the later Habsburg emperor Joseph II with Maria Josepha of Bavaria in 1765 . In this opera, Odysseus' son Telemaco tries to bring the hero back from Troy. However, Odysseus is forcibly detained by Circe, who loves Odysseus.
- The novel for children Prince Telemach and his teacher Mentor by Peter Hacks is about Telemach's search for his father and the upbringing of a responsible prince.
- James Joyce called the first chapter of his novel Ulysses Telemach .
- Influenced by Fénelon's novel, Natoire created five paintings, three of which are in the St. Petersburg Hermitage and two in Troyes .
- There are two paintings by Angelika Kauffmann for the novel.
- The Telemach cycle by Johann Heinrich Tischbein , created from 1756 onwards , is in the form of twelve supraports in Wilhelmsthal Palace near Kassel.
- Friedrich Eichhorn: The Telemachie. With prospects for the following act up to the union of father and son. Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1973.
- Maria Oikonomou : Telemachos. In: Maria Moog-Grünewald (Ed.): Mythenrezeption. The ancient mythology in literature, music and art from the beginnings to the present (= Der Neue Pauly . Supplements. Volume 5). Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2008, ISBN 978-3-476-02032-1 , pp. 665-668.
- Johannes Schmidt : Telemachos . In: Wilhelm Heinrich Roscher (Hrsg.): Detailed lexicon of Greek and Roman mythology . Volume 5, Leipzig 1924, Col. 260-273 ( version ).
- Homer , Odyssey 4,112
- Homer, Odyssey 1,105
- Homer, Odyssey 1, 284-285
- Homer, Odyssey 4, 846-847
- Homer, Odyssey 16,187
- Hyginus Mythographus , Fabulae 127
- Hellanikos von Lesbos, FGrHist 4 F 156 (Jacoby); Aristotle in Eustathios , 1796, 42.
- Hesiod in Eustathios, Commentary on the Odyssey 1796, 93.