Squidward Zajaczkowski

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Squidward Zajaczkowski (2018)

Thaddäus Zajaczkowski (born November 10, 1939 in Cząstków , Greater Poland , then Reichsgau Posen) is a Polish-German surgeon, urologist and medical historian.


Zajaczkowski's parents are Hieronymus Zajaczkowski (1911–1990) and his wife Genoveva nee. Topolska (1921-2017). His German birth certificate was destroyed after the war. From 1945 he attended primary school in Cząstków and from 1953 the Lyceum in Modlin (Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki) . In 1957 he received the Matura .


From 1958 to 1964 he studied medicine at the Pomeranian Medical University of Stettin . After the state examination on July 26, 1964, he was from October 1, 1964 to May 31, 1966 medical assistant in departments for pediatrics , internal medicine , surgery , gynecology and obstetrics in the city hospitals of Szczecin . Licensed as a doctor , he then worked for two years as a medical officer for the Polish Land Forces in Szczecin. At that time he began as a trainee surgical specialist training with Jan Kortas in the 1st Surgical Clinic of the Pomeranian Medical Academy. On June 1, 1968 he moved to Rafał Heftmann in the second surgery. Since October 8, 1969, he has been a specialist in general surgery , and he completed his four-year urologist training with Alfons Wojewski . On November 22, 1972 he was awarded a Dr. med. PhD . He was an exchange doctor with Wilhelm Sinner in Rostock (1969) and a visiting doctor in Warsaw (1971, 1972, 1975), Krakow (1973), Kattowitz (1974) and Lund (1974). In the summer of 1973 he spent three months as a ship's doctor on M / S Gryf Pomorski , the mother ship of the Polish deep sea fishery . After he had passed the specialist examination for urology in Warsaw on October 31, 1973 , he was from January 1, 1974 senior physician in the urological clinic of the Pomeranian Academy.

Ruhr area

Zajaczkowski's wife repeatedly worked as an anesthetist in Copenhagen . Visited by her husband in the summer of 1975, she came across a job advertisement in West Germany . The family moved there on September 12, 1975. Zajaczkowski immediately found a job at the Duisburg Catholic Clinic , but had to “queue up” again as an assistant doctor in the large surgical department of the St. Barbara Hospital in Hamborn . After six months, he was able to move to the urology department of the Marienhospital Altenessen on April 1, 1976 - still as an assistant doctor . In August 1976 his Polish doctorate was recognized by the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and in November 1976 he was granted naturalization as a German . In 1977 he received the German license to practice medicine and recognition as a urologist. After interning in Barmen in 1977 , he became senior physician at Marienhospital in 1978 . In 1984 he visited urologists Pablo Morales in New York City and Victor Politano in Miami . In 1996 he qualified in special urological surgery at the North Rhine Medical Association . For years he taught medical students at the University of Duisburg-Essen for the academic teaching hospital . After his boss Winfried Straube retired , he stayed in urology and neurourology for three years. After 28 years in Altenessen, he retired on January 1, 2006. He lived with his wife in Mülheim an der Ruhr . In 2016 they both moved to Essen .


Married couple Zajaczkowski (2018)

Zajaczkowski has been married to the anesthetist Elisabeth Maria Wojewski since 1966 . The marriage resulted in the sons Andreas Paul (1967) and Anton Michael (1969), both dentists. He wrote the obituary for his father-in-law and teacher.


Zajaczkowski deals with the history of (endoscopic) urology, which was promoted in former German clinics in Poland . He brought “forgotten” surgeons like Franz von Paula Gruithuisen , Johann von Mikulicz , Ludwik Rydygier , Arthur Barth , Heinrich Klose and Antoni Jurasz to mind. His list of publications includes a good 170 urological and medical history works. For the Polish Przegląd Urologiczny (urology preview) he is an advisory board (2008) and editor for the history of urology (2011).

Medical history publications

  • with Elisabeth Wojewski-Zajaczkowski: Development of the City Hospital in Stettin. Beginnings of urology in Szczecin , 1st part. Der Urologe 44 (2005), pp. 73-80; 2. Part 45 (2006), pp. 1006-1016.
  • Joseph Dietl (1804-1878). Medical reformer and his contribution to urology . Der Urologe 45 (2006), pp. 85-94.
  • Johann Anton von Mikulicz-Radecki (1850-1905) - a pioneer of gastroscopy and modern surgery: his credit to urology . World Journal of Urology 26 (2008), pp. 75-86.
  • Felix Hagen - West Pomerania's pioneer urologist . European Urology Today 32 (2008).
  • Ludwik von Rydygier (1850-1920) - pioneer of gastric surgery and his contribution to urology . Central European Journal of Urology 62 (2009), pp. 233-236.
  • with Andreas Paul Zamann: Johannes Anton Freiherr von Mikulicz-Radecki (1850–1905). His contribution to the development of urology . Der Urologe 49 (2010), pp. 280-285.
  • with Andreas Paul Zamann: Julius Bruck (1840–1902) and his influence on the endoscopy of today . World Journal of Urology 22 (2004), pp. 293-303, doi: 10.1007: s00345-003-0387-3 .
  • with FH Moll, M. Krischel, P. Rathert: "My first encounter with German urology (1937)". Stefan Wesolowski (1908–2009) - A source in the archive of the German Society for Urology from the oldest corresponding member and promoter of Polish-German relations . Der Urologe 49 (2010), pp. 1287-1293.
  • The beginnings of antituberculosis service in Szczecin. Hermann Braeuning - the first director of the Tuberculosis Hospital in Stettin-Hohenkrug (Szczecin-Zdunowo) . Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis, 2011.
  • Franz von Paula Gruithuisen - pioneer of lithotripsy . Endo-Press, Tuttlingen 2011, ISBN 978-3-89756-340-7 . GoogleBooks .
  • The Tuberculosis Hospital in Hohenkrug, Stettin, Department of Genitourinary Tuberculosis . Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis 58 (2012), pp. 66-76.
  • with Rüdiger Döhler and Anton M. Zamann: Ludwig von Riediger (Ludwik Rydygier) - a great surgeon, forgotten in Germany . Der Chirurg 84 (2013), pp. 602-606. doi: 10.1007 / s00104-013-2496-x .
  • History of education in medicine and surgery, first hospitals - development of urology in Danzig / Gdańsk . Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis 60 (2014), pp. 118-133. Online version
  • with Rüdiger Döhler: Spirit and craft - the surgeon Heinrich Klose . Der Chirurg 87 (2016), pp. 614-618. doi: 10.1007 / s00104-016-0201-6 .
  • The life and doings of Doctor Wilhelm Schultze (1840-1924) - The co-founder of Lister`s antiseptic metthod in Germany and founder of antiseptics in Japan . De Historia Urologiae Europaeae 24 (2017), pp. 197-217.
  • with Rüdiger Döhler and Jörg Wiesner: Great man of the second row - the Danzig surgeon Arthur Barth . Chirurgische Allgemeine Volume 18, Issue 9 (2017), pp. 436–439.
  • Doctor Helena Maria Kornella (1897–1992) - the first female urologist in Poland . Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences 64 (2018), pp. 99-108 online version .
  • with Rüdiger Döhler: The Polish surgeon Antoni Jurasz - Frankfurt, Posen, Edinburgh, New York . Der Chirurg 90 (2019), pp. 762-768. doi: 10.1007 / s00104-019-1002-5 .
  • with Anton M. Zamann: Development of medicine in Wilna. Beginnings of the establishment of urology using the example of Kornel Michejda (1887–1960) and Simon Perlmann (1898–1948) . Der Urologe 59 (2020), pp. 469-477. doi: 10.1007 / s00120-019-0907-4 .
  • with Rüdiger Döhler: Wilhelm Schultze - "Lister's Apostle" in Germany and Japan . Surgical General, 21st year (2020).
  • with Rüdiger Döhler and Caris-Petra Heidel : Johann Adam Kulmus - on the importance of his anatomical tables for surgery in Europe and for medical training in Japan . The Surgeon 61 (2020). doi: 10.1007 / s00104-020-01231-6 .


  • The first Medical Academy in Gdansk (1935–1945). Professor Heinrich Klose (1879–1968). Urology in Gdansk . 61st Congress of the German Society for Urology , Dresden, September 17, 2009. Abstracts ( Memento from February 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 780 kB)
  • For the development and establishment of urology in Lemberg, Galicia. Stanislaw Laskownicki (1892-1976). Professor of Urology at Lviv University . German Urology Congress 2010
  • For the development and establishment of urology in Wroclaw. Florian Nowacki (1902–1957). Founder of the first University Urological Clinic in Wrocław .


  • Honorary Member of the Polish Society of Urology (2010)

Web links

Commons : Thaddäus Zajaczkowski  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Dissertation: On the etiology and treatment of kidney cast stones .
  2. Obituary. Prof. Dr hab. med. Alfons Wojewski . Urol. Pole. 46: 101-105 (1993)
  3. DÄB (PDF; 163 kB) aerzteblatt.de