Election to the United States House of Representatives 1828
Starting July 9, 1828, the House of Representatives was elected on various election days in the United States . The election was part of the general election for the 21st United States Congress that year, which also elected a third of US Senators . At the same time, the presidential election of 1828 took place, which Andrew Jackson won.
At the time of the election, the United States consisted of 24 states . The number of MPs to be elected was 213. The distribution of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1820 census . The elections were clearly won by the supporters of Andrew Jackson, who was also elected president. Its supporters (Jacksonians) united to form the Democratic Party that year . Compared to the elections of 1826, the Jacksonians were able to win 23 seats and expand their majority. At the same time, the National Republicans lost 28 seats. The reason for this development lay on the one hand in the unpopularity of the incumbent President John Quincy Adams , who was also voted out at the time, and the popularity of Andrew Jackson. Another reason was the change in the right to vote, in which the abolition of tax and property requirements allowed more white men to vote than in the past. Most of the new voters voted for Jackson and his party. A novelty in this election was that, with the Anti-Masonic Party , a third party succeeded for the first time in moving into the House of Representatives. In 1822 there were a total of six groups in parliament, but they were all just factions of the two parties of the time.
- Democratic Party (Jacksonians) 136 (113) seats
- National Republican Party : 72 (100) seats
- Anti-Masonic Party : 5 (0) seats
The results of the last election two years earlier are in brackets. Changes in the course of the legislative period that do not affect the elections themselves are not included in these figures, but are noted in the article on the 21st Congress in the section on the members of the House of Representatives under the relevant names of the representatives. The same applies to elections in states that joined the Union after the beginning of the legislative period. As a result, the sources sometimes contain different information, as changes during the legislative period were sometimes incorporated into the figures and sometimes not.
- 21st United States Congress including a list of all MPs.