Election to the United States House of Representatives 1824

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The election to the United States House of Representatives in 1824 took place from July 7, 1824. The House of Representatives was elected on various election days in the United States . The election was part of the general election for the 19th United States Congress that year, in which a third of the US Senators were elected. At the same time, the presidential election of 1824 took place, which John Quincy Adams won only after a Senate vote.


At the time of the election, the United States consisted of 24 states. The number of MPs to be elected was 213. The distribution of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1820 census . Compared to the election in 1822, the party landscape had changed. The Federalist Party had dissolved and no longer played a role in federal politics. The Democratic-Republican Party was mainly divided into two wings. One wing was named after its leader Andrew Jackson (Jacksonians). Its opponents were found in the other wing of the party, whose members called themselves anti-Jacksonians. This wing was led by President John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay . The Jacksonians formed the Democratic Party in the late 1820s . The Anti-Jacksonians then became the National Republican Party and a little later the Whig Party . All three elections in 1824 (Presidency, Senate and House of Representatives) were fiercely competitive and ended with close results. The presidential election was not decided until the Senate. In the House of Representatives, the anti-Jacksonians achieved a slim majority with a lead of just 5 seats. The political tone and campaign were tougher than had previously been the case in the United States. Andrew Jackson became a political figure who was as ardently supported by his supporters as he was demonized by his opponents. The political struggle between the two groups should continue in the next elections.

Women and slaves were neither eligible nor eligible to vote. Free African Americans were also excluded from voting in many states . The right to vote for free men was also tied to a certain property or tax revenue.

Election result

  • Jacksonians 104 seats
  • Anti-Jacksonians: 109 seats

Total: 213

Changes in the course of the legislative period that do not affect the elections themselves are not included in these figures, but are noted in the article on the 19th Congress in the section on the members of the House of Representatives under the relevant names of the representatives. The same applies to elections in states that joined the Union after the beginning of the legislative period. As a result, the sources sometimes contain different information, as changes during the legislative period were sometimes incorporated into the figures and sometimes not.

See also

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