Election to the United States House of Representatives 1870
The election for the United States House of Representatives 1870 took place from June 6, 1870. The House of Representatives was elected on various election days . The majority of states voted on November 8, 1870. The election was part of the general election to the 42nd United States Congress that year, in which one-third of the US Senators were also elected. Since the elections took place around the middle of the first term of office of the Republican President Ulysses S. Grant ( midterm election ), they were also considered a vote on the previous policy of the president.
At the time of the election, the United States consisted of 37 states. All former states that had previously been members of the Confederate States were now represented in Congress again. The number of MPs to be elected was 243. The distribution of seats was based on the 1860 census . After the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution was passed in 1870, African-Americans were eligible and eligible to vote from that year.
The Republicans were able to maintain their absolute majority in the elections. But they lost 35 seats. On the other hand, the Democrats gained 37 seats. The causes were a number of scandals surrounding the federal government under President Grant and increasing dissatisfaction with the implementation of the reconstruction . The African-American suffrage, who mainly elected Republicans, allowed this party to win many seats in the south. But that could not make up for the losses in other parts of the country.
Only men were entitled to vote and eligible for election. Women were still banned from voting at the federal level until 1920.
The results of the last election two years earlier are given in brackets. Changes during the legislative period that do not affect the elections as such are not included in these figures, but are noted in the article on the 42nd Congress in the section on the members of the House of Representatives under the relevant names of the representatives. The same applies to elections in states that joined the Union after the beginning of the legislative period. As a result, the sources sometimes contain different information, as changes during the legislative period were sometimes incorporated into the figures and sometimes not.
Results by state
Most states held the election on November 8, 1870. However, some voted before and some after that date.
|Alabama||District||Nov 8, 1870||6th||3||1||3||1|
|Arkansas||District||Nov 8, 1870||3||2||1|
|Connecticut||District||Apr 4, 1871||4th||3||1|
|Delaware||nationwide||Nov 8, 1870||1||0||1|
|Florida||nationwide||Nov 8, 1870||1||0||1||1||1|
|Georgia||District||Nov 8, 1870||7th||3||4th|
+ 1 nationwide
|Nov 8, 1870||14th||8th||2||6th||2|
|Indiana||District||Oct 11, 1870||11||6th||1||5||1|
|Iowa||District||Oct 10, 1870||6th||6th||0|
|California||District||6 Sep 1871||3||3||2||0||2|
|Kansas||nationwide||Nov 8, 1870||1||1||0|
|Kentucky||District||Nov 8, 1870||9||0||9|
|Louisiana||District||Nov 8, 1870||5||5||0|
|Maine||District||Sep 12 1870||5||5||0|
|Maryland||District||Nov 8, 1870||5||0||5|
|Massachusetts||District||Nov 8, 1870||10||10||0|
|Michigan||District||Nov 8, 1870||6th||5||1||1||1|
|Minnesota||District||Nov 8, 1870||2||2||1||0||1|
|Mississippi||District||Dec. 1, 1870||5||5||0|
|Missouri||District||Nov 8, 1870||9||5||2||4th||2|
|Nebraska||nationwide||Oct 11, 1870||1||1||0|
|Nevada||nationwide||Nov 8, 1870||1||0||1||1||1|
|New Hampshire||District||14 Mar 1871||3||0||3||3||3|
|New Jersey||District||Nov 8, 1870||5||3||1||2||1|
|new York||District||Nov 8, 1870||31||15th||3||16||3|
|North Carolina||District||Aug 4, 1870||7th||2||4||5||4|
|Ohio||District||Oct 11, 1870||19th||14th||1||5||1|
|Oregon||nationwide||June 6, 1870||1||0||1|
|Pennsylvania||District||Oct 11, 1870||24||13||3||11||3|
|Rhode Island||District||Nov 8, 1870||2||2||0|
|South carolina||District||Nov 1, 1870||4th||4th||0|
|Tennessee||District||Nov 8, 1870||8th||2||6||6th||6|
|Texas||District||Oct 6, 1871||4th||0||3||4th||3|
|Vermont||District||6 Sep 1870||3||3||0|
|Virginia||District||Nov 8, 1870||8th||3||5||5|
|West Virginia||District||Oct 25, 1870||3||1||2||2||2|
|Wisconsin||District||Nov 8, 1870||6th||4th||1||2||1|
- 42nd United States Congress including a list of all MPs.
- Party Divisions
- Michael J. Dubin (Ed.): United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses . McFarland & Company, 1998, ISBN 978-0-7864-0283-0 (English).
- John L. Moore (Ed.): Congressional Quarterly's Guide to US Elections . 3. Edition. CQ Press, 1994, ISBN 978-0-87187-996-7 (English).