Election to the United States House of Representatives in 1914
On November 3, 1914, the House of Representatives in the United States was elected. In the state of Maine , the elections took place on September 14th. The election was part of the general election to the 64th United States Congress that year, in which a third of the US Senators were elected. Since the elections took place around the middle of the first term of office of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson ( Midterm Election ), they were also considered a vote on the previous policy of the President.
At the time of the election, the United States consisted of 48 states. The number of MPs to be elected was 435. The distribution of seats was based on the 1910 census .
In the election, the Democrats lost 61 seats and only got 230 seats. But that was still enough to defend their absolute majority in the House of Representatives. On the other hand, the Republicans were able to gain 62 seats and thus have 196 MPs. The Progressive Party reached its climax when it first participated in the elections in 1912. At that time she had won 9 seats. In these elections she only got 6 seats. The reasons for the turnaround in favor of the Republicans were, on the one hand, the fact that the party had overcome its internal divisions that led to the election defeat in 1912. Most of the members of the then split-off Progressive Party gradually returned to the parent party. The Republicans also benefited from the booming economy in the United States. The First World War , which broke out in Europe in August 1914 , was not yet an election issue because, unlike the 1916 elections, an American entry into the war was not under discussion.
Only men were entitled to vote and eligible for election. Women were still banned from voting at the federal level until 1920. In the southern states in particular, the right to vote was restricted by laws that linked the right to vote to a certain tax revenue. As a result, poor whites, but above all many African-Americans, were excluded from voting.
- Democratic Party 230 (291) seats
- Republican Party 196 (134) seats
- Progressive Party : 6 (9) seats
- Other: 3 (1) seats
Total: 435 (435)
The results of the last election two years earlier are in brackets. Changes during the legislative period that do not affect the elections themselves are not included in these figures, but are noted in the article on the 64th Congress in the section on the members of the House of Representatives under the relevant names of the representatives. The same applies to elections in states that did not join the Union until after the beginning of the legislative period. As a result, the sources sometimes contain different information, as changes during the legislative period were sometimes incorporated into the figures and sometimes not.
- 64th United States Congress including a list of all MPs.