Walter-Herwig Schuchhardt

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Walter-Herwig Schuchhardt (born March 8, 1900 in Hanover , † January 14, 1976 in Freiburg im Breisgau ) was a German classical archaeologist .


Walter-Herwig Schuchhardt was the son of the prehistorian Carl Schuchhardt . He attended the Schiller High School in Berlin. In the autumn of 1918 he began studying Classical Archeology and Classical Studies at the University of Tübingen . After four semesters he went to the University of Göttingen , where Hermann Thiersch became his most important teacher and Schuchhardt was shaped for the future of his life. Under the influence of the art historian Georg Graf Vitzthum von Eckstädt , he switched from ancient history to art history , where he was also influenced by Gerhard Krahmer . Schuchhardt spent a semester at the University of Heidelberg with Ludwig Curtius . In 1923 he received his doctorate in Göttingen with the work The Masters of the Pergamene Gigantomachy . He then became assistant to Paul Wolters at the University of Munich for three semesters . There Schuchhardt came into contact with the Furtwängler students Paul Arndt , Eduard Schmidt and Carl Weickert . In 1924/25 he received a travel grant from the German Archaeological Institute and mainly toured Greece and Turkey. After the scholarship period, Schuchhardt stayed in Athens. At first he was the assistant of Ernst Buschor , then he received a scholarship from the Notgemeinschaft der deutschen Wissenschaft . The habilitation took place in 1929 with Hans Schrader at the University of Frankfurt on the subject of the creation of the Parthenon frieze . In 1934 he was appointed associate professor at the University of Giessen , two years later to a chair at the University of Freiburg . Although he received other appointments, he stayed with the university until his retirement in 1968.

Schuchhardt devoted himself particularly to the sculpture of ancient Greece from the Archaic to Hellenism . In the majority of his 85 or so publications - monographs, essays and reviews - he dealt with dating problems, master issues and criticism of copies. Schuchhardt was probably the best expert on Greek sculpture of his time. He made a name for himself primarily as a style analyst. With his art-historical background, he was able to recognize several works that were regarded as classical as classical. Aesthetics was more important to him than historical expressiveness, Schuchhardt was less a theorist than a sensualist. He especially devoted himself to the 5th century BC. BC, the Parthenon period .

Schuchhardt was a full member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences (1967) and the German Archaeological Institute .



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