Wayne Shorter (* 25 August 1933 in Newark , New Jersey ) is an American jazz - saxophonist and - Composer . With John Coltrane and Sonny Rollins he belongs to the "front line" of saxophonists in modern jazz . "His game is characterized as poetic, enigmatic and at the same time natural and completely logical in itself."
Live and act
Shorter initially played for Horace Silver and Maynard Ferguson before joining Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in 1959 . He became their musical director before he was poached by Miles Davis in 1964 on the recommendation of John Coltrane . He also released mostly highly acclaimed albums under his own name, such as Night Dreamer in 1964 as his first album for Blue Note . From 1964 to 1969 he was - alongside Herbie Hancock , Ron Carter and Tony Williams - a member of the second "classic" Miles Davis quintet, for which he wrote many compositions that became classics, including the pieces "Footprints" and "Nefertiti ". Shorter was the right successor to John Coltrane, Davis' group, which was further supported by the fact that he at Blue Note at the time under his name a quartet plate with Coltrane's companions McCoy Tyner and Elvin Jones grossed (Juju) .
In 1970 he founded the legendary jazz-rock formation Weather Report together with keyboardist Joe Zawinul and bassist Miroslav Vitouš, to which Jaco Pastorius and Peter Erskine later also belonged. Shorter's extensive change from the tenor saxophone , which he had only played until 1968, to the soprano saxophone and lyricon also occurred in the time of the early Weather Report . Since 1976 he has been playing acoustic jazz again with VSOP .
Since the dissolution of Weather Report (in the opinion of Joachim-Ernst Berendt "the most successful of all jazz-rock groups") Shorter has worked as a soloist. He has accompanied Carlos Santana and the Rolling Stones on tours and played on several albums by Joni Mitchell and with Steely Dan . He now leads a highly acclaimed quartet with pianist Danilo Pérez , bassist John Patitucci and drummer Brian Blade (CDs: Footprints Live! Beyond the Sound Barrier and Without a Net ).
In 1985 Shorter's daughter Iska Maria (* 1971) died after an epileptic attack. In 1996 Shorter's wife Ana Maria (* 1947) and her niece Dalila Lucien, the then 17-year-old daughter of the singer Jon Lucien , died in the TWA-800 plane crash off Long Island. In 1999 Shorter married the Brazilian singer Carolina Dos Santos, a close friend of his late wife, in their third marriage. Shorter is an avowed Nichiren Buddhist and supporter of the new religious movement Sōka Gakkai .
Prizes and awards
In 2003 and 2005 Shorter received the Grammy in the category Best Jazz Instrumental Album for the albums Alegría and Beyond the Sound Barrier , and for Alegria also the annual German Record Critics' Award . In 2003, Wayne Shorter won Down Beat's annual critics poll in five categories: for Footprints Live! as “album of the year”, as “jazz musician of the year” and composer, for the “acoustic jazz group of the year” and on the soprano saxophone. In the 2013 Critics Poll, Wayne Shorter was again ahead in four categories: for Without a Net as "Album of the Year", as "Jazz Musician of the Year" and on the soprano saxophone as well as for the "Jazz Group of the Year". For the piece Orbits he got a Grammy for the best jazz improvisation. In 2016 he was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . In 2017 he was awarded the Swedish Polar Music Prize and in 2018 Shorter received a Kennedy Prize . For his album Emanon he received the Grammy for best jazz instrumental album in 2019 ; in Kritikerpoll the downbeat was Emanon recognized as "Album of the Year", as well as in the Readers Poll, in which he also was jazz artist of the year.
- 1959: Introducing Wayne Shorter (Vee Jay)
- 1962: Second Genesis (Vee Jay)
- 1962: Wayning Moments (Vee Jay)
- 1964: Night Dreamer (Blue Note)
- 1964: JuJu (Blue Note)
- 1965: Speak No Evil (Blue Note)
- 1965: The Soothsayer (Blue Note, ed. 1979)
- 1965: The All Seeing Eye (Blue Note)
- 1965: Et Cetera (Blue Note, ed. 1980)
- 1966: Adam's Apple (Blue Note)
- 1967: Schizophrenia (Blue Note)
- 1969: Super Nova (Blue Note)
- 1970: Moto Grosso Feio (Blue Note)
- 1970: Odyssey of Iska (Blue Note)
- 1974: Native Dancer (Columbia)
- 1985: Atlantis (Columbia)
- 1987: Phantom Navigator (Columbia)
- 1988: Joy Rider (Columbia)
- 1995: High Life (Verve)
- 1997: 1 + 1 (with Herbie Hancock) (Verve)
- 2002: Footprints Live! (Verve)
- 2003: Alegría (Verve)
- 2005: Beyond the Sound Barrier (Verve)
- 2013: Without a Net (Blue Note)
- 2018: Emanon (Blue Note)
With Weather Report
Main article: Weather Report / Discography
As a sideman
- 1960: Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers: Like Someone in Love
- 1960: Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers: A Night in Tunisia
- 1963: Freddie Hubbard: The Body and The Soul
- 1963: Gil Evans: The Individualism of Gil Evans
- 1964: Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers: Free for All
- 1964: Miles Davis: Miles in Berlin
- 1964: Lee Morgan : Search for the New Land
- 1965: Miles Davis Quintet: ESP
- 1965: Miles Davis Quintet: Live at the Plugged Nickel 1965
- 1966: Miles Davis Quintet: Miles Smiles
- 1967: Miles Davis Quintet: Sorcerer
- 1967: Miles Davis Quintet: Nefertiti
- 1968: Miles Davis Quintet: Miles in the Sky
- 1968: Miles Davis Quintet: Filles de Kilimanjaro
- 1968: Miles Davis: In a Silent Way
- 1969: Miles Davis: Bitches Brew ; Big fun
- 1977: Joni Mitchell: Don Juan's Reckless Daughter
- 1977: Steely Dan: Aja
- 1979: Joni Mitchell: Mingus
- 1980: Joni Mitchell: Shadows and Light
- 1992: Herbie Hancock , Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter , Tony Williams , Wallace Roney : A Tribute to Miles
- 1992: Helen Merrill : Clear Out of This World
- 1993: Marcus Miller : The Sun Don't Lie
- 1997: TS Monk : Monk on Monk
- 1998: Herbie Hancock: Gershwin's World
- 2007: Herbie Hancock: River: The Joni Letters
- 2020: Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra with Wynton Marsalis featuring Wayne Shorter: The Music of Wayne Shorter
- Michelle Mercer Footprints: The Life and Work of Wayne Shorter. Penguin / Putnam, London 2007, ISBN 978-1-58542-468-9 .
- Interview with Wayne Shorter in Christian Broecking : Respect. Verbrecher-Verlag, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-935843-38-0 .
- Another interview with Wayne Shorter in: Christian Broecking : Herbie Hancock - Interviews . Creative People Books, 2010, ISBN 978-3-938763-12-4 .
- Ian Carr , Digby Fairweather , Brian Priestley : Rough Guide Jazz. The ultimate guide to jazz music. 1700 artists and bands from the beginning until today. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 1999, ISBN 3-476-01584-X .
- Leonard Feather , Ira Gitler : The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. Oxford University Press, New York 1999, ISBN 0-19-532000-X .
- Wolf Kampmann (Ed.), With the assistance of Ekkehard Jost : Reclams Jazzlexikon . Reclam, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-15-010528-5 .
- Martin Kunzler : Jazz Lexicon. Volume 2: M – Z (= rororo-Sachbuch. Vol. 16513). 2nd Edition. Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-499-16513-9 .
- Richard Cook , Brian Morton : The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD . 6th edition. Penguin, London 2002, ISBN 0-14-051521-6 .
- Bielefeld Jazz Catalog, 2001.
- Essay: The Music of Wayne Shorter
- Detailed discography by Wayne Shorter
- "Wayne Shorter: 'Happening' and Meandering, a burst at a Time" , New York Times , December 24, 2004
- Wayne Shorter at Discogs (English)
- Bert Noglik Footprints in Jazz (NDR) ( Memento from December 18, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Wayne Shorter Tops 61st Annual DownBeat Critics Poll ( October 29, 2013 memento in the Internet Archive ) at downbeat.com . Accessed April 10, 2018.
- Newly Elected Fellows. In: amacad.org. American Academy of Arts and Sciences , accessed April 22, 2016 .
- Sting and Wayne Shorter for Polarpriset 2017 . , svt.se; accessed on February 7, 2017.
- laurels for legends. In: jazzecho.de. Retrieved July 10, 2019 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American jazz saxophonist and composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 25, 1933|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Newark , New Jersey, USA|