Windebyer Noor

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Windebyer Noor
Windebyer Noor.jpg
Windebyer Noor with a view of Eckernförde
Geographical location District of Rendsburg-Eckernförde , Schleswig-Holstein
Tributaries Schnaaper Au, Windebyer Au, Broosby-Bach and 7 others
Drain Baltic Sea (city port) through an underground connection
Places on the shore Eckernförde
Coordinates 54 ° 28 '30 "  N , 9 ° 48' 23"  E Coordinates: 54 ° 28 '30 "  N , 9 ° 48' 23"  E
Windebyer Noor (Schleswig-Holstein)
Windebyer Noor
Altitude above sea level m above sea level NN
surface 3.893 km²
length 3.4 km
width 1.9 km
volume 25,000,000 m³
scope 10 km
Maximum depth 14 m
Middle deep 6.42 m
Catchment area 16.61 km²
Template: Infobox Lake / Maintenance / PROOF LAKE WIDTH

The Windebyer Noor (obsolete: Eckernförder Noor , Schna (a) by Noor and Goos-Noor ; Danish : Vindeby Nor , Low German : Winnebyer Noor , Winneby-Noor ) is a 389  ha large lake in Schleswig-Holstein . It is located on the western edge of the city of Eckernförde , to whose municipal area it belongs. In the south and west, the eponymous municipality of Windeby borders the shore of the lake. Former residents of the lake were the municipality of Borby until it was incorporated in 1934 (Borby exclave Schnaap ) and the municipality of Gammelby until 1973 ( grass wood ).

Origin and history

The lake was formerly directly connected to the Baltic Sea as the end of the Eckernförde Bay . The hollow form of the Windebyer Noores was created as a glacial tongue basin during the Vistula glaciation . During this time, the Baltic Sea glacier in Schleswig-Holstein divided into a "Holstein Lobus " and a "Eckernförde Lobus".

The "Eckernförde Lobus" in turn divided into a northern ("Windebyer Noor tongue") and a southern one (" Wittensee - Goossee -" Tongue ") partial ice tongue.

The Windebyer-Noor tongue formed u. a. the Hüttener Berge , the Wittensee-Goossee-Tunge the Duvenstedter Berge. An indication of the glacial origin is a large boulder in Windebyer Noor, the " White Stone ". After the Ice Age, sand deposits formed a beach wall system ( spit ), which gradually closed the Noor off from Eckernförde Bay. The final separation took place only in 1929 through artificial embankments. Today the Windebyer Noor is only connected to the Baltic Sea underground. The city of Eckernförde now has plans to restore an open connection, and the first steps have already been taken to make it a reality.

Bulges of Windebyer Noors are labeled Schnaaper Bay , Norder Hake , Southshore Hake , South Bay and Kochendorfer Bay .

Archaeological finds suggest a settlement around the Windebyer Noor in the Iron Age . These include clamshell heaps and kitchen waste that were found in several places during the construction of the Eckernförde bypass road in 1951 and that were attributed to the Iron Age by means of pollen analysis , including the finds of the two bog bodies from Windeby . In 1995, a sediment echo sounder discovered two “fossil islands” in the Windebyer Noor - possibly these are submerged settlements, as the water level in the Baltic Sea and thus the Windebyer Noor was a few meters below today's level at that time.

In the late Iron and Viking Age, the Easter wall of the Danewerk led up to the Windebyer Noor, which at that time was not yet cut off from the Eckernförde Bay. Osterwall has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Archaeological Border Complex Haithabu and Danewerk since June 30, 2018 . Possibly there was a Viking Age harbor at the end of the Osterwall on the west bank of the Noors.

For the construction of a canal crossing between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea or additional branch canals such as the construction of a port, there were also projects between 1771 and 1918 that would have affected the Windebyer Noor . The largest of these projects was Hermann Petersen's plan published in 1918 : it envisaged, among other things, branch canals to the Schlei , the Kiel Canal near Schirnau and the Eckernförde Bay running across today's Lornsenplatz , as well as the construction of large port facilities in the Noor with a total quay length of 13.4 kilometers.

Until the 1970s, there was a bathing establishment in the Carlshöhe barracks in Windebyer Noor .

White stone

White stone in Windebyer Noor with resting sea birds

The White Stone 54.47583 °  N , 9.79089 °  O consists of reddish granite and was delivered today southern Sweden from Värmland pushed here. It weighs around 48 tons and is the sixth largest boulder in Schleswig-Holstein. Its white color comes from the droppings of the sea birds resting here.

Situation today

Hiking trail at Windebyer Noor

The old town of Eckernförde now stands on the beach wall that has been washed up over thousands of years. The term Noor indicates the original state.

Around three quarters of the Windebyer Noores are surrounded by a hiking trail, which partly runs on the old railway line of the Eckernförde Kreisbahnen from Eckernförde to Owschlag - the complete circuit is possible via Eckernförde streets. Since the hiking trail was not consistently led around the banks of the entire Noores and around a quarter was left out, the forests and reed belts have been preserved in a partially undisturbed location.

The Windebyer Noor has been leased to the third generation of the family since 1957 by a professional fishing family business, which has been cultivating the Noor with eel , perch , bream , carp , roach and pikeperch and, since 1990, increasingly with vendace . The company also rents out fishing boats. From the time until 1929, when the connection with the Baltic Sea still existed, herring stocks were able to hold, but they have been decreasing recently. At around 15 cm, these pegs are smaller than those in the open sea.

Belt of reeds in the Windebyer Noor

See also

Web links

Commons : Windebyer Noor  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f Ministry of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas Schleswig-Holstein: Windebyer Noor , accessed on December 26, 2011
  2. J. Junge: Wanderwegkarte Noor , 1980 In: Kurpromenade Eckernförde 1980
  3. Prospecting in Windebyer Noor. Working group for maritime and limnic archeology at Kiel University, accessed on January 3, 2015 .
  4. Free view of the Osterwall. Eckernförder Zeitung, accessed on January 3, 2015 .
  5. Horst Rassow: Unrealized canal and port ideas in the old district of Eckernförde . In: Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde eV: Yearbook of the Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde eV , Eckernförde 2000, pages 63 ff.
  6. Christoph Rohde: Time travel through the Noor. In: November 10, 2015, accessed May 16, 2017 .
  7. Gerhard Schöne: Large boulders in Schleswig-Holstein - their fate and their worthy of protection. Reports from the Geological State Office Schleswig-Holstein, special issue 2. (No longer available online.) In: Bibliographies of the bed load literature, the icing worldwide and the bed load researchers. Gesellschaft für Geschiebekunde, 1993, archived from the original on March 27, 2017 ; Retrieved on May 16, 2017 (note under Schlüter G, No. 9 , ISBN 978-3-00-022179-8 ). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /