Worm area

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Worm area around Alsdorf and Herzogenrath

As Wurmrevier the part of the will of Aachen coalfield along the river worm called. The cities of Alsdorf , Baesweiler , Herzogenrath , Kohlscheid , Merkstein , Würselen in the northern district of Aachen , Übach-Palenberg and Hückelhoven , already in the Rurtal , in the district of Heinsberg , Siersdorf in the district of Düren and Kerkrade in the Netherlands belong to the worm area, or rather "worm coal area" . Significantly active in the Wurmrevier was from 1836 to 1907 the Association for Hard Coal Construction in the Wurmrevier and from 1834 initially partially and after its merger with the Association in 1907 completely the Eschweiler Mining Association EBV. The worm area is separated from the Indere area ( Eschweiler , Nothberg , Weisweiler ) by the empty Aachen saddle .


In the valley of the Wurm, the coal- containing layers of earth ( seams ) came to light above ground, since the worm area was subject to lower subsidence movements than other parts of the Lower Rhine Bay (see Geology of the Lower Rhine Bay ). A first mining in the form of a simple coal trench was initially possible above ground with the possibilities of pre-industrial times. Mining has been documented in the Wurmrevier since 1113 . With the arrival of the steam engine and the railroad at the end of the 18th century , hard coal mining was industrialized and the output was increased enormously. In 1930 the Alsdorf mine disaster resulted in 271 deaths. In 1997 , the last Sophia Jacoba mine in Hückelhoven was closed, with the result that hard coal mining in the worm area ended.

Production tunnel of the former Gouley / Würselen mine. 1599–1969, still in use to regulate the pit water from the former Gouley and Anna / Alsdorf collieries

German pits

Dutch mines from 1899 to 1974

The region around Kerkrade, Heerlen, Hoensbroek, Brunssum, Eygelshoven and Schaesberg, also called "Oostelijke Mijnstreek", was the center of the Dutch coal mining with the following mines:

  • 1911–1973, Staatsmijn Emma, ​​DSM, Hoensbroek, 4 shafts
  • 1915–1963, Staatsmijn Hendrik, DSM, Brunssum, 4 shafts
  • 1917–1973, Oranje Nassau Mijn III, Heerlerheide, 1 shaft
  • 1927–1966, Oranje Nassau Mijn IV, Heerlen, 1 shaft
  • 1899–1974, Oranje Nassau Mijn I, Heerlen, 3 shafts
  • 1904–1971, Oranje Nassau Mijn II, Schaesberg, 2 shafts
  • 1906–1969, Wilhelmina , DSM, Terwinselen, Kerkrade, 2 shafts
  • 1902–1970, Wilhelm-Sophia Mijn Spekholzerheide, 5 shafts
  • 1815–1969, Domaniale Mijn , Kerkrade, 6 shafts
  • 1808–1904, Neuprick, Bleijerheide, 1 shaft
  • 1905–1968, Laura Mijn Eygelshoven, 2 shafts
  • 1926–1974, Julia Mijn Eygelshoven, 2 shafts

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