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Yúngang Qū
云冈 区
Yungang (China)
Coordinates 40 ° 0 ′  N , 113 ° 9 ′  E Coordinates: 40 ° 0 ′  N , 113 ° 9 ′  E
Location of Yungang within DatongLocation of Yungang within Datong
Basic data
Country People's Republic of China


District-free city Datong
surface 738 km²
Residents 665,000 (2018)
density 901.1  Ew. / km²
View of the Yungang Caves
View of the Yungang Caves

Yungang ( Chinese  雲岡 區  /  云冈 区 , Pinyin Yúngang Qū ) is a district of the prefecture -level city of Datong in the north of the Chinese province of Shanxi . It has an area of ​​738 square kilometers and in 2018 had a resident population of about 665,000 people, of which 138,200 people are considered to be rural. It is a center of coal mining in China and is home to numerous cultural heritage sites.

Geography and climate

The Yungang relief slopes away in a northwest-southeast direction. Mountains are located on two-thirds of the territory, with the highest elevation at 1714 meters above sea level. The remaining third is taken up by the Daton Basin. The most important rivers are Yu He , Kouquan He , Shili He and Gan He , which all flow into the Sanggan He and belong to the catchment area of ​​the Yongding He .

Yungang has a relatively dry climate with four clearly distinguishable seasons. Winters are relatively long and dry, summers short, hot and with the most rainfall. There are large differences in temperature in spring and autumn. Relatively strong wind blows all year round. The annual average temperature is 6.4 ° C, there are an average of 150 frost-free days and 2822 hours of sunshine per year. The annual rainfall is 396 millimeters and falls mainly in the summer months.

Yungang has approximately 17,500 hectares of agricultural land.

Administrative structure

The district of Yungang was created in 2018 through the dissolution of the previously existing districts of Chengqu , Kuang and Nanjiao . Yungang was formed from parts of these three districts.

At the community level, Yungang was made up of 30 street districts , two large communities and four communities at the end of 2018 . These are:

At the village level, the above-mentioned administrative units are made up of 127 communities and 120 villages .

Economy and Transport

The mining of coal is the main economic factor of Yungang. After the mining operations were regulated, a total of 38 coal mines were active in the Yungang area in 2018, 17 of which were operated by the Tongmei Group . Part of the coal extracted is converted into electricity directly in Yungang in thermal power plants; in 2018, power plant capacities totaling 4.82 gigawatts were in operation.

The urban area of ​​Yungang is approximately 30 kilometers from Datong-Yungang Airport . Yungang lies on the railway line Datong Puzhou , the railway Beijing-Baotou and the railway Daqin , which are particularly important in coal transportation. In 2015, the construction of the Datong-Zhangjiakou high-speed line began, which should reduce the travel time to Beijing to 2 hours.

Several major roads cross the Yungang area, including the Eren Hot-Guangzhou Highway , National Roads 109 and 208 .


There are 149 protected cultural sites on the territory of Yungang. Three of them belong to the monuments of the People's Republic of China , namely the Yungang Grottoes , the Pagoda of the Chanfang Temple and the mass grave in the coal mine of Datong . Among the monuments of Shanxi Province include 28 additional sites.

Web links

Commons : Yungang  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h i j 云冈 概况.大同市 云冈 区 人民政府 (People's Government of Yungang), September 1, 2018, accessed April 10, 2019 (Chinese).
  2. 云冈 区. State Statistical Office of the People's Republic of China , accessed July 2, 2019 (Chinese).
  3. 区 位 交通.大同市 人民政府 办公室 (Datong City People's Government), accessed April 5, 2019 (Chinese).