Maria Zdenko Vinzenz Kaspar Prince Lobkowitz , Duke of Raudnitz (* May 5, 1858 in Vienna ; † August 13, 1933 in Harrachsdorf , Czechoslovakia ), from the princely Lobkowitz family , a very old Bohemian noble family, was an officer in the joint army of Austria-Hungary and confidante of the last emperor, Karl I.
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Zdenko was one of the ten children of Joseph Franz Karl Prince Lobkowitz, General of the Cavalry (Vienna 1803-1875 Prague), and his second wife, Maria Sidonia von Lobkowitz (1828-1917).
After Zdenko Lobkowitz had attended grammar school, he joined the Dragoon Regiment No. 14, which was then stationed in Güns in western Hungary, in July 1876 . In 1878 he passed the cadet examination and became a lieutenant in the Dragoon Regiment No. 1 in Stanislau in Galicia , where he served until May 1901. He was promoted to Rittmeister in 1890 . He then served in the Dragoon Regiment No. 7 in Brandeis on the Elbe . In 1902 he became a major and in 1906 a lieutenant colonel .
After his career as an officer, from August 18, 1907, he acted as head of the chamber of Archduke Karl Franz Josef, 29 years his junior , who had interrupted his military service in Brandeis on the Elbe in Bohemia to study in Prague . The Archduke, at that time number two in the line of succession to Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este , became the immediate heir to the throne of Emperor Franz Joseph I with the murder of Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 and succeeded him on November 21, 1916 as Emperor Karl I. to. In this role he promoted Zdenko Lobkowitz to his adjutant general on November 24, 1916 and appointed him to field marshal lieutenant on June 4, 1917 . Lobkowitz now accompanied the new emperor in 1917/1918 on his frequent visits by the troops at the front. He was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece by the Emperor in 1918 .
Based on family tradition, Zdenko Lobkowitz decided in November 1918, when Austria-Hungary dissolved, to become citizens of Czechoslovakia . The new republic abolished the title of nobility in December 1918. Zdenko Lobkowitz lived after 1918 in Smichow , a suburb of Prague, and campaigned for the Catholic popular movement in Bohemia.
The prince was married to Pauline (Maria Paula) Countess von Schönborn-Wiesenthal (Prague 1861–1922 Prague), a younger sister of the politician Friedrich Schönborn , and had six children with her:
- Joseph Zdenko (Prague 1884–1918 Vienna , Schönbrunn Palace )
- Zdenka (Prague 1885–1964 Prague)
- Erwein (Prague 1887–1965 Stepperg , Upper Bavaria )
- Marie Christine (Unter Berkovitz, Bohemia 1890–1972 Ludenhausen, Bavaria, according to other sources Lüdinghausen, North Rhine-Westphalia)
- Wenzel ( Theresienstadt 1893–1915 Vienna Hetzendorf )
- Bertha ( Postelberg , Bohemia 1896–1959 Prague)
Austrian military awards
As of December 31, 1918
- Military Jubilee Cross 1908
- Military Jubilee Medal 1898
- Service badge for officers, 2nd class
- Bronze Military Merit Medal
- Bronze Military Merit Medal , War Decoration
- Order of the Leopold Commanders
- Order of the Iron Crown Knight 1st Class, war decoration
In addition, as mentioned above, Lobkowitz was awarded the Golden Fleece by the Emperor, the house order of the dynasty, not a special military award:
- Rainer Egger : Lobkowitz (Lobkowicz), Zdenko Prince of. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 5, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1972, p. 262.
- ^ A b Egger: Lobkowitz (Lobkowicz), Zdenko Prince of. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 5, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1972, p. 262.
- ^ Zdenko Prinz von Lobkowitz weltkriege.at, accessed on September 14, 2012.
- ^ Peter Urbanitsch: Schönborn, Friedrich Erwein Maria Carl Franz Graf von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 397 ( digitized version ).
- ^ Pauline Gräfin von Schönborn-Wiesentheid on thepeerage.com , accessed on September 18, 2016.
- ^ Family tree Joseph Franz Karl z Lobkowicz genealogy.euweb.cz, accessed on September 14, 2012.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lobkowitz, Maria Zdenko Vinzenz Kaspar Prinz; Lobkowitz, Zdenko von; Lobkowicz, Zdenko von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austro-Hungarian officer and prince|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 5, 1858|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 13, 1933|
|Place of death||Harrachsdorf|