Škoda Vagonka

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legal form Akciová společnost (as)
founding December 12, 1900
(January 1, 2001 taken over by Škoda Transportation )
Seat Ostrava , Czech Republic
Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
management Tomáš Ignačák (Chairman of the Board)
Branch Rail vehicle construction
Website www.vagonka.cz
Status: February 12, 2018

Škoda Vagonka as , previously ČKD Vagónka , Vagónka Studénka and Vagónka Tatra Studénka , is a manufacturer of multiple units and wagons for railways from the Czech Republic and the former Czechoslovakia . The company, based in Ostrava, produces not only railcars and coaches, but also components and equipment for rail vehicle construction . It is a subsidiary of Škoda Transportation as


The wagon factory in 1910

On December 12, 1900 in Stauding, North Moravia, a company was entered in the company register under the name "Staudinger Waggonfabrik" as a joint stock company. Since it was founded by Adolf Schustala , this company has specialized in rail vehicle construction . The first director of the plant was Rudolf Feldbacher from 1900 to 1902 . Military systems were also produced for the Austro-Hungarian army and, from 1918, for the Czechoslovak army . In the second half of the 1930s, the company was manufacturing aircraft . In addition to four in-house developments of sport aircraft (T-1, T-101, T-201 and T-301), all equipped with HM-504 engines, these were mainly license builds of the British Avro 626 (as T-126) and the German Bü 131 (as T-131).

During the production from 1900 to 2000 the ownership structure and the name of the company changed several times.

  • December 12, 1900 - September 2, 1928 Staudinger Waggonfabrik AG
  • September 3, 1928 - December 31, 1945 Moravsko-slezská vozovka as
  • 1939 - May 1945 also Mährisch-Schlesische Fahrzeugwerke AG (Stauding)
  • January 1, 1946 - December 31, 1968 Vagónka Tatra Studénka
  • January 1, 1969 - June 30, 1990 Vagónka Studénka
  • July 1, 1980 - December 14, 1998 Moravskoslezská vagónka
  • December 15, 1998 - June 7, 2000 the company was part of the ČKD Group and was called ČKD Vagónka Studénka

The factory closed its doors in 2001 and relocated production to the Witkowitz Ironworks site in Ostrava , where more modern factory buildings existed. Since 2005, the company as a part of Škoda Vagonka as the Group Škoda Transportation as (formerly Škoda Holding as ).


An important part of the production was the manufacture of railway vehicles. In addition to the manufacture of freight cars , the plant has made a decisive contribution to the motorization of the Czechoslovak State Railways (ČSD) since 1927 . By 2001, motor-driven railcars and 3020 associated sidecars were produced in 1986 , in addition to the Czechoslovak State Railways, also for the Hungarian State Railways (MÁV) and the Soviet Railways (SŽD) . A smaller number of locomotives were also produced, these were some special vehicles such as the electric locomotives for the Pressburger Bahn as well as some special vehicles. A total of eleven locomotives were produced.

Motor vehicle


Initially, the company manufactured railcars with gasoline engines and electrical power transmission. The company had received motors from Graef & Stift and licenses for power transmission based on the simple GEBUS system . The only exception was the production of a copy of the ČSD series M 120.3 with mechanical power transmission ( M 120.327 ). Later the production was changed to more contemporary drive elements, e.g. B. TATRA gasoline engines and electrical power transmission according to the ČKD -RM system. The last vehicles before the Second World War then received a diesel engine with the M 232.1 .

In detail, the following were produced:

During the Second World War, the factory was integrated into the production of vehicles for the Deutsche Reichsbahn and for armaments production as the Mährisch-Silesische Fahrzeugwerke AG Stauding , such as support cars for the "Dora" railway gun.


After the Second World War, the plant was able to resume production of railcars in 1952. In cooperation with Tatra Kopřivnice and ČKD Prague , railcars with electrical and mechanical power transmission were produced. In 1963 the first vehicles with hydrodynamic power transmission appeared. Later the plant was the only manufacturer of passenger coaches in Czechoslovakia. Above all, four-axle wagons were produced for local traffic . At its peak, the company had 12,000 employees.

In detail, the following were produced:


This phase was characterized by more modern vehicles. After the railcars with hydrodynamic power transmission were initially the priority, vehicles with mechanical power transmission in the form of the M 152.0 and electrical power transmission ( M 474.0 and ČD series 843 ) were added.

In detail, the following were produced:

Electric railcars

The product range of the electric railcars was not so extensive. Here production was limited to domestic demand, and production only began after the Second World War. At the time, however, it was innovative vehicles that attracted international attention. The EM 475.0 series railcars and their follow-up units, the EM 475.1, were the first vehicles in Europe with low-floor entrances , where a stepless change of passengers was possible on normal platforms with a height of 550 mm above the top of the rails. These are the following vehicles:

Web links

Commons : Vagonka Studénka trains  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Martin Šmida: Vagonka Ve Studence, Motorove Vozy, Motorove a Elektricke Lokomotivy 1927–2000. Vagonařske Muzem Studenka, 2012 (Czech)

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.skoda.cz/de/kontakte/skoda-vagonka-as/ (German); accessed on November 14, 2015
  2. Martin Šmida: Vagonka Ve Studence, Motorove Vozy, Motorove a Elektricke Lokomotivy 1927-2000. Vagonařske Muzem Studenka, 2012, p. 2.
  3. Vaclav Nemecek. Československá letadla, Naše vojsko, Prague 1968, p 130ff.
  4. ^ Hans-Joachim Mau: Czechoslovak aircraft from 1918 until today. Transpress, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-344-00121-3 , p. 70
  5. Martin Šmida: Vagonka Ve Studence . Motorove Vozy, Motorove a Elektricke Lokomotivy 1927–2000. 2012, p. 40 (Czech).
  6. Martin Šmida: Vagonka Ve Studence . Motorove Vozy, Motorove a Elektricke Lokomotivy 1927–2000. 2012, p. 29, 37 (Czech).
  7. a b Martin Šmida: Vagonka Ve Studence . Motorove Vozy, Motorove a Elektricke Lokomotivy 1927–2000. 2012, p. 18 (Czech).
  8. Martin Šmida: Vagonka Ve Studence . Motorove Vozy, Motorove a Elektricke Lokomotivy 1927–2000. 2012, p. 18.19 (Czech).