63 BC Chr.
|63 BC Chr.|
|Marcus Tullius Cicero gives four speeches against Catiline during the Catilinarian Conspiracy .|
|63 BC In other calendars|
|Buddhist calendar||481/482 (southern Buddhism); 480/481 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||43rd (44th) cycle , year of the earth-horse戊午 ( at the beginning of the year fire-serpent 丁巳)|
|Greek calendar||1./2. Year of the 179th Olympiad|
|Roman calendar||from urbe condita DCXCI (691)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 248/249; Syria: 249/250|
Politics and world events
- October 21 : Consul Marcus Tullius Cicero learns of the Catilinarian conspiracy of Lucius Sergius Catilina . The Roman Senate declares the state of emergency with extended powers for the consuls .
- November 8th : The second Catilinarian conspiracy fails.
- Cicero gives four speeches against Catiline until December 5th .
Foreign policy of the Roman Empire
- End of the 3rd Mithridatic War , the 74 BC . AD has begun; Pontus is subject
- Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus lets the Seleucid king Antiochus XIII. kill. With this the Diadochian Empire (see Alexander the Great ) of the Seleucids in the Near East goes under. Philip II Philorhomaios, the last of the Seleucid family, could not take the throne again.
- In addition, Pompey conquered Jerusalem ; Judea becomes a client kingdom of the Roman Empire.
Religion and society
- Gaius Iulius Caesar prevailed over the consulars Quintus Lutatius Catulus and Publius Servilius Vatia Isauricus in the election of Pontifex Maximus and was thus given the overall supervision of all sacred affairs in Rome .
- September 23 : Augustus , Roman Emperor († 14 AD)
- Dynamis , Queen of the Bosporan Empire († 7 or 8 AD)
- 64 or 63 BC Chr .: Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa , Roman general († 12 BC )
- around 63 BC Chr .: Strabon , Greek historian and geographer († after 23 AD)
- Participants in the Catalinarian Conspiracy :
- Mithridates VI. , King of Pontus (* 132 BC )
- 64 or 63 BC Chr .: Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius , Roman general and politician