Live and act
Adalbert Erler came from a middle-class Protestant family of pastors and officials. He was born in 1904 in Kiel as the son of a senior naval officer. After his father was transferred to the Navy Ministry , he grew up in Berlin . In 1922 he passed the Abitur at the Humanist High School in Berlin-Zehlendorf . Erler first studied law in Heidelberg and then in Berlin . His most important academic teachers were Hans Fehr , Ernst Heymann and above all Ulrich Stutz . In January 1928 Günther Holstein did his doctorate in Greifswald with a thesis on the status of the Evangelical Church in Danzig. Erler initially refrained from doing a habilitation because of the difficult political and economic situation . In 1930 he passed the assessor examination in Berlin. From 1934 he was acting head of the tax office in Hanau . In the same year he married and took responsibility for his wife's two almost adult children. In the spring of 1939 he completed his habilitation under Rudolf Ruth at the University of Frankfurt am Main with the thesis Citizenship and Tax Liability in Medieval Towns, with a special study of the tax oath . In mid-July 1939 he was appointed lecturer at the University of Frankfurt am Main. He joined the NSDAP in 1940 (membership number 7.903.499). In December 1941, he became an associate professor for German legal history and commercial law at the University of Strasbourg .
After the collapse of the Third Reich, he returned and found accommodation in a forester's house in the Odenwald . In 1946 he was given a chair at the re-established University of Mainz . As prorector (1946/47) he played a key role in building the university. During this time he lived in Ingelheim . From 1950 until his retirement in 1972 he taught at the University of Frankfurt am Main. There he held the chair for German legal history and civil law. Gerhard Dilcher was one of his academic students .
His habilitation became a standard work and appeared unchanged in the second edition at the beginning of the sixties. In 1964 he published an edition of five medieval legal opinions on the Mainz collegiate feud from 1459–1463 . In 1949 Erler published a study book on canon law . The fifth edition of the book was published in 1983. Erler was involved in the development of the adult education center in Ingelheim and in the re-establishment of the historical association and the city museum. He was co-editor of the concise dictionary on German legal history , which he was in charge of from the early 1960s until shortly before his death. Erler maintained close contact with the Italian legal historian Emilio Bussi . This connection made it possible to hold annual excursions and German-Italian seminars.
Erler was awarded numerous scientific honors and memberships. He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Modena . The Philipps University of Marburg awarded him the Brothers Grimm Prize , and the city of Ingelheim am Rhein made him an honorary citizen. For his 70th and 80th birthday he was honored with festschrifts.
A list of publications compiled by Dietlinde Munzel appeared in Contributions to Ingelheim History 40 (1994), pp. 178-193.
- The legal position of the Evangelical Church in Gdansk. sn, Berlin 1929, (Greifswald, University, legal and political dissertation, from February 21, 1929).
- Citizenship and tax liability in medieval cities with a special study of the tax oath (= Frankfurt academic contributions. Legal and economic series. Vol. 2, ). Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 1939.
- The Napoleonic Concordat in Alsace and Lorraine. A canonical contribution to the history of the Kulturkampf. In: Archives for Catholic Church Law . Episode 4, Vol. 30 = Vol. 122, Issue 2, 1942/1943, pp. 237-278.
- Church law (= Frankfurt floor plans for legal studies. Vol. 25, ). Hirschgraben-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1949, (several editions).
- The Strasbourg cathedral in the legal life of the Middle Ages (= Frankfurt scientific contributions. Legal and economic series. Vol. 9). Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 1954.
- The Mainz collegiate feud 1459–1463 as reflected in medieval legal opinions (= meeting reports of the Scientific Society at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 1, No. 5, ). Steiner, Wiesbaden 1963.
- as editor with Wolfgang Stammler , Ekkehard Kaufmann and Dieter Werkmüller : Concise dictionary on German legal history . 5 volumes. Erich Schmidt, Berlin 1964–1998.
- Aegidius Albornoz as legislator of the Papal States. Erich Schmidt, Berlin 1970, ISBN 3-503-00607-9 .
- Lupa, Lex and equestrian statue in medieval Rome. A study of legal history (= meeting reports of the Scientific Society at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 10, No. 4). Steiner, Wiesbaden 1972.
- Older approaches to overcoming slavery (= meeting reports of the Scientific Society at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 15, No. 1). Steiner, Wiesbaden 1978, ISBN 3-515-02763-7 .
- The ransom of prisoners. A legal problem for 3 millennia. Erich Schmidt, Berlin 1978, ISBN 3-503-01275-3 (About slavery ).
- William Shakespeare - King Heinrich V. The lex salica in the interpretation of the crown lawyer (= meeting reports of the Scientific Society at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 17, No. 3). Steiner, Wiesbaden 1980, ISBN 3-515-03414-5 .
- Privilege of the Elector Karl Theodor von der Pfalz for the places of the Ingelheimer Grund from February 18, 1747. In: Ingelheim between the late Middle Ages and the present. Articles and lectures (= contributions to Ingelheim history. Vol. 36). Historischer Verein, Ingelheim 1987, ISBN 3-87854-057-4 , p. 79 ff.
- Hans-Jürgen Becker , Gerhard Dilcher, Gunter Gudian, Ekkehard Kaufmann, Wolfgang Sellert (eds.): Legal history as cultural history. Festschrift for Adalbert Erler on his 70th birthday. With the participation of Adolf Fink. Scientia, Aalen 1976, ISBN 3-511-09012-1 .
- Hans-Jürgen Becker: Adalbert Erler 1.1.1904 - 19.4.1992. In: Journal of the Savigny Foundation for Legal History. Canonical Department 79 (1993), pp. 559-561.
- Gerhard Dilcher , Bernhard Diestelkamp (Ed.): Law, Court, Cooperative and Policey. Studies on basic terms of Germanic legal history. Symposium for Adalbert Erler. Erich Schmidt, Berlin 1986, ISBN 3-503-02254-6 .
- Gerhard Dilcher: Adalbert Erler 1.1.1904 - 19.4.1992. In: Journal of the Savigny Foundation for Legal History. German Department 110 (1993), pp. 680-692.
- Anno Vey: Adalbert Erler (1904–1992). The first prorector of the Johannes Gutenberg University (1946/47). In: Michael Kißener, Helmut Mathy (ed.): Ut omnes unum sint. Part 2: Founding personalities of the Johannes Gutenberg University (= contributions to the history of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz. New series. Vol. 3). Steiner, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 978-3-515-08781-0 , pp. 115-134.
- Karl Heinz Henn, Ernst Kähler (ed.): In memoriam Adalbert Erler. In: Contributions to Ingelheim History 40 (1994).
- Literature by and about Adalbert Erler in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry in the Mainz professorial catalog Gutenberg Biographics
- Biography on the website of the city of Ingelheim
- Erler, Adalbert . Publications in the bibliographic database of the Regesta Imperii .
- Wolfgang Sellert : The Habilitation [by Adalbert Erler ad Univ. Frankfurt a. M.]. In: Contributions to Ingelheimer Geschichte 40 (1994), pp. 162–171.
- Anno Vey: Adalbert Erler (1904–1992). The first prorector of the Johannes Gutenberg University (1946/47). In: Michael Kißener , Helmut Mathy (eds.): Ut omnes unum sint Part 2: Founding personalities of the Johannes Gutenberg University. Stuttgart 2006, pp. 115-134, here: p. 117.
- See Herwig Schäfer: Legal teaching and research at the Reich University of Strasbourg 1941–1944. Tübingen 1999, pp. 105-107.
- Paul Kurt Kaller : Adalbert Erler and his services as the first prorector for the development of the re-founded University of Mainz. In: Contributions to Ingelheimer Geschichte 40 (1994), pp. 65–81.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German legal historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 1, 1904|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kiel|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 19, 1992|
|Place of death||Frankfurt am Main|