Amalie Maria Joachim , b. Schneeweiss (born May 10, 1839 in Marburg an der Drau , Austrian Empire , † February 3, 1899 in Berlin ) was an Austro-German opera singer ( alto ).
Amalie Schneeweiss was the daughter of the District Court Assessor Franz Max Schneeweiss from his marriage to Eleonore Schneeweiss nee. Lindes. Her brother was the musician and theologian Franz Schneeweiss , who emigrated to the USA in the winter of 1850/51 .
At the beginning of the 1850s, she and her family moved to Graz . She made her first appearances at the age of 14 and called herself from then on "Amalie Weiss". From the end of 1854 until the spring of 1862 she was engaged at the Kärntnertortheater in Vienna .
In April 1862, through the mediation of Bernhard Scholz, she got an engagement at the theater in Hanover , where she had previously made several guest appearances. There she met the concertmaster Joseph Joachim , whom she married on June 10, 1863 in the town's Kreuzkirche . She had six children with him.
Although she ended her stage career with her marriage, she continued to perform as a concert singer in the following years, sometimes together with her husband and with her friend Clara Schumann . With both of them she undertook longer tours, including to London . Until the 1870s she also regularly took part in performances by the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin , of which she later became an honorary member.
After 21 years, the marriage was divorced after grueling disputes that lasted several years: the pathologically jealous husband had accused his wife of adultery. Even Brahms took Amalie's side in the marital conflict.
After the divorce she was forced to return to work as a concert singer. Her focus was on lieder and oratorio singing. She set standards in this area. She was often accompanied on the piano by Hans Schmidt . In 1885 and 1886 she went on concert tours with Laura Rappoldi from Dresden.
It also promoted the careers of other artists. So she mediated z. B. Monika Hunnius , singer, later also singing teacher and writer at Julius Stockhausen and gave her advice regularly. The later famous contralto and mezzo-soprano Mme. Charles Cahier is said to have taken lessons from her in Berlin.
Amalie Joachim died in 1899 as a result of a gall operation and was buried in the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Cemetery in Berlin. Her grave was dedicated to the city of Berlin as an honorary grave until 2015 .
One of her daughters, Marie Joachim (born January 31, 1868 in Hanover ; † 1918), became a singer and worked in later years with Amalie's long-time companion, Raimund von Zur Mühlen .
Several composers dedicated their works to Amalie Joachim, including
- Johannes Brahms , Four Duets op. 28 (1863); Two chants for an alto part with viola and piano op. 91 (1884).
- Heinrich von Sahr , Six songs for alto and piano op.11 (1878)
- Constantin von Wurzbach : White, Amalie . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 54th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1886, p. 89 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Ludwig Eisenberg : Amalie Joachim . In: Large biographical lexicon of the German stage in the XIX. Century. Paul List, Leipzig 1903, p. 483 ( daten.digitale-sammlungen.de ).
- Joachim, Amalie; born Schneeweiß, Ps. Weiß (1839–1898), singer. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 3, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1965, p. 118.
- Friedrich Blume : Music in the past and present. General encyclopedia of music, with the collaboration of numerous music researchers at home and abroad . Volume 7, column 56
- Hiltrud Schroeder (Ed.): Sophie & Co. Important women of Hanover. Biographical portraits , Fackelträger-Verlag, Hannover 1991, ISBN 3-7716-1521-6 , p. 239 f.
- Karl-Josef Kutsch , Leo Riemens , with the assistance of Hansjörg Rost: Large Singer Lexicon , Volume 2, M – Z , with an appendix: Directory of operas and operettas . Francke, Bern 1997, column 3169.
- Hugo Thielen : Weiss (actually snow white), Amalie. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 380 f., Partly online via Google books .
- Beatrix Borchard : Joachim, married couple. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-7001-3044-9 .
- Beatrix Borchard : voice and violin. Amalie and Joseph Joachim. Biography and history of interpretation , in the series of Viennese publications on music history , Volume 5. 2nd, unchanged edition. Böhlau, Vienna, 2007, ISBN 978-3-205-77629-1 .
- Hugo Thielen: Weiss, Amalie. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 663.
- Beatrix Borchard : voice and violin - Amalie and Joseph Joachim . In: Die Zeit , No. 50/2005; review
- Amalie Joachim in the Bavarian Musicians' Lexicon Online (BMLO)
- Amalie Joachim in the Carl Maria von Weber Complete Edition
- Amalie Joachim. In: FemBio. Women's biography research (with references and citations).
- Amalie Joachim at MUGI - “Music and Gender on the Internet”.
- ↑ Borchard (2007), pp. 171-216.
- ^ Georg Fischer : Music in Hanover . Hanover / Leipzig 1903, p. 201 f. ( Text archive - Internet Archive )
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Joachim, Amalie Maria (full name); Schneeweiss, Amalie (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian-German opera singer (alto)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 10, 1839|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Marburg on the Drau|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 3, 1899|
|Place of death||Berlin|