Blücher (noble family)
The family first appeared in a document in 1214 with Ulrich de Bluchere, Ministerial of the Ratzeburg diocese . The stem row begins with this . The Blücher are recognizable as magnates in the Ratzeburg tithe register of 1230 and were in the second half of the 13th century a. a. owned by the Büttelkow , Lehsen and Tüschow estates in Mecklenburg . Wietow also belonged to the old family estate . A Ulrich von Blücher is in 1256 as bishop of Ratzeburg , 1291 will be Hermann von Blucher and 1356 Wipert von Blücher named as bishops of Ratzeburg. From 1293 the Blüchers are also known as landowners in Pomerania (including 1577–1731 with a share of Plathe ). Then possessions in Brandenburg were added. Family branches remained on estates in Mecklenburg and Bohemia until 1945, from 1759 on Fincken , from 1779 on the three neighboring farms Wasdow , Bobbin and Quitzenow , from 1869 on Gut Jürgenstorf .
A branch of the family became Danish Counts von Blücher-Altona in 1777 . The Blücher-Finken branch was elevated to the Prussian count status in 1815 .
Gut Fincken , Mecklenburg (owned by the Blücher from 1759)
Gut Wasdow , Mecklenburg (1779–1895 owned by the Blücher)
Gut Bobbin , Mecklenburg (owned by the Blücher from 1779)
Gut Quitzenow , Mecklenburg (owned by the Blücher from 1779)
Prince Blücher of Wahlstatt
The most famous branch goes back to the Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , one of the three victorious commanders of the Battle of Waterloo . After the capture of Paris on March 30, 1814, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III. the goods around Krieblowitz in Lower Silesia and raised him to hereditary count on June 3, 1814, on the day of the victory parade in Berlin. After the victory at Waterloo on June 18, 1815, he received the personal Prince, as Prince of Wahlstatt and the Blücher Palace in Berlin.
The grandson of Marshal Count Gebhard Bernhard Carl von Blucher , was founded by King William I of Prussia on October 18, 1861 at his coronation at Konigsberg , the Prince, the salutation Highness , hereditary primogeniture , awarded as the anknüpfende to the Field Marshal , while the agnates bore the title Graf or Countess Blücher von Wahlstatt. This line has been part of the nobility ever since . One condition of inheritance was the undivided ownership of Fideikommisse Krieblowitz, Wahlstatt , Strachwitz and his Palais Blücher on Pariser Platz in Berlin. The second prince acquired Raduň Castle in Moravian-Silesia through marriage in 1832 . His eldest son Gebhard Leberecht (1836–1916) followed him as the third prince, followed by his eldest son Gebhard von Blücher as the fourth prince Blücher von Wahlstatt (1865–1931). The current “head of the house” is Prince Nikolaus Blücher von Wahlstatt (* 1932).
Krieblowitz Castle , Lower Silesia (owned by the Princes Blücher from 1814 to 1945)
Palais Blücher at Pariser Platz 2 in Berlin
Raduň Castle , Moravian Silesia (owned by the Blücher princes from 1832 to 1945)
Blüchermausoleum in Krieblowitz
The Blücher family in World War II
- Wolfgang Henner Peter Lebrecht Graf von Blücher, First Lieutenant (born January 31, 1917 in Altengottern ; † May 21, 1941 near Heraklion , Crete )
- Leberecht Wilhelm Konstantin Wolf Axel Graf von Blücher, private (born April 13, 1922 in Fincken , † May 21, 1941 near Heraklion)
- Hans-Joachim Gebhard Leberecht Graf von Blücher, hunter (born October 23, 1923 in Fincken; † May 21, 1941 near Heraklion)
- Adolf Graf von Blücher, Lieutenant at Sea (September 1918 - June 8, 1944 in Mecklenburg)
Wolfgang, Leberecht and Hans-Joachim fell as members of the parachute troops in the course of the airborne battle for Crete on May 21, 1941 within a few hours. Adolf was then released from service in the Navy and was able to look after his family's estate, but was killed in a hunting accident in 1944.
coat of arms
- Family coat of arms (leaning shield): “In silver, two bars of red keys , beards pointing outwards and upwards; on the looking helmet with red and silver covers, two diagonally crossed red keys, beards pointing outwards and upwards. "
- Counts von Blücher-Altona : four-part shield covered with a gold-rimmed crowned heart shield. In this the Blücher family coat of arms. 1 and 4 in blue a six-pointed golden star, 2 u. 3 a red fortress in gold with three towers. '
- Prince and Count Blücher von Wahlstatt : four-part shield with a silver heart shield. In this the Blücher family coat of arms. 1 and 4 in silver the Prussian eagle, 2 in gold within a green laurel wreath a gold-emblazoned sword and a silver field marshal's baton crossed, 3 in gold the iron cross.
According to legend, the ancestor of the Blücher family was a courageous Wendish warrior who moved to Rhodes with Duke Heinrich the Lion and was knighted there for his bravery. When he returned home, he accompanied his master when he came to the aid of his son-in-law, Prince Borwin of Mecklenburg , who was being harassed by Nikolaus . In these battles, too, he was distinguished by great bravery. He is said to have protected a chapel that the Abodrites wanted to destroy all by himself . When, after the Abodrites had fled, he handed his master the church keys bleeding, he called him Bleudiger (Bloody, of which Blücher) and gave him the keys as a coat of arms.
- Ulrich von Blücher , Bishop of Ratzeburg (1257–1284)
- Hermann von Blücher , Bishop of Ratzeburg (1291–1309)
- Wipert von Blücher , Bishop of Ratzeburg (1356-1376)
- Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , 1st Prince Blücher von Wahlstatt (1742–1819), Prussian Field Marshal General
- Conrad Daniel von Blücher-Altona (1764–1845), Upper President of Altona
- Franz Blücher von Wahlstatt (1778–1829), Prussian major general
- Hans Dietrich Wilhelm von Blücher auf Suckow (1789–1861), 41 years provisional in the Dobbertin monastery
- Gebhard Blücher von Wahlstatt (1799–1875), 2nd Prince Blücher von Wahlstatt, member of the Prussian manor house
- Ulrich von Blücher (1816–1903), Prussian major general
- Gebhard Lebrecht Prince Blücher von Wahlstatt (1836–1916), 3rd Prince Blücher von Wahlstatt, member of the Prussian manor house
- Ulrich Vicco von Blücher (1853–1936), Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Finance Minister and Plenipotentiary to the Federal Council
- Gebhard von Blücher (1865–1931), 4th Prince Blücher of Wahlstatt
- Wipert von Blücher (1883–1963), German diplomat
- Joachim von Blücher (1888–1980), German politician (NSDAP) and SA leader
- Johann-Albrecht von Blücher (1892–1972), major general in the Wehrmacht
- Hasso von Blücher (* 1941), founder of Blücher GmbH
- Borusso von Blücher (* 1944), German diplomat
- Heinrich Graesse: German aristocratic history. (Reprint of the 1876 edition) Reprint-Verlag, Leipzig 1999; ISBN 3-8262-0704-1 .
- Hans Haussherr: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 317 ( ). In:
- Otto Hupp : Munich calendar 1898. Munich / Regensburg publishing house 1898.
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : New general German nobility lexicon. Friedrich Voigt, Leipzig 1859.
- Genealogical manual of the nobility . Volume 53, 1972, Adelslexikon
- Genealogical manual of the nobility. Volume 76, 1981
- Friedrich Wigger : History of the von Blücher family. 3 volumes, Schwerin 1870–1879, Volume I , Volume II
- Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of noble houses. 1904. Fifth year, Justus Perthes, Gotha 1903, p. 94 ff.
- Blücher, family of. In: Central database of bequests .
- Blucher. In: New general German nobility lexicon .
- Blucher. In: New Prussian Adelslexicon .
- Coat of arms seal of the Blücher from 1315 with description in Friedrich Crull : The coat of arms of the families of the team that occurred in the present borders of Meklenburg until 1360. Page 59
- Lineage of Blücher.
- Document book of the St. Michaelis Monastery in Lüneburg
- Princely houses - cultural carriers
- Wolfgang Hausen: German Soldier Yearbook . Volumes 48-49. Schild Verlag, 2000, p. 198 ( limited preview in Google Book Search).
- Memory of the three Blücher brothers in the online project Memorial Monuments
- Case File # 18, "Saving Von Blücher". battledetective.com, accessed December 9, 2015 .