Arminia Marburg fraternity
|coat of arms|
|Founding:||June 16, 1860 in Marburg|
|Association:||New German Burschenschaft (NeueDB)|
|Motto:||God - freedom - fatherland|
The Marburg Burschenschaft Arminia in the New German Burschenschaft is one of the largest fraternities in Germany. It was founded on June 16, 1860 by theology students. Regardless of parent's income or title, any student should be able to join the association. Any male student at the Philipps University of Marburg and Justus Liebig University in Gießen can become a member. In 1990 the Marburg fraternity Arminia resigned from the German fraternity (DB). In 1996 she founded the New German Burschenschaft with seven other fraternities.
The Marburg Burschenschaft Arminia in the New German Burschenschaft (NeueDB) is a member of the Red Association . The fraternity is a facultative beating association, which means that each member has to learn academic fencing, but does not have to beat a scale. Any male student of the Philipps University of Marburg and the Justus Liebig University of Gießen can become a member.
Together with the Alemannia Marburg fraternity , the Marburg Liberal fraternities (MaLiBu) were founded in 2010. With this alliance, both fraternities want to distance themselves from the Marburg fraternities in the German fraternity and raise awareness of liberal values.
At the start
On June 16, 1860, the Arminia was founded as a fraternity in Marburg with the colors black-red-white and black hats. The connection was the first fraternity in Marburg . The founders were Ludwig Theodor Alexander Bickell , Heinrich Hendorf, Karl Schmidt, Ferdinant Bösser, Karl Schmidmann, Ernst Gerland, Gottlieb Rhode and Albert Vilmar. The student association started operations with 22 members. On February 16, 1863, the fraternity changed its colors to black, red and gold, based on the original fraternity .
In 1866 the censorship was introduced, which was abolished in 1970.
On March 1st, 1874, the Alemannia Marburg fraternity was founded. To this day, both connections are considered liberal fraternities in Marburg and founded the Marburg Liberal fraternities in 2010.
On December 1, 1890, the Red Association was founded. This association is an amalgamation of arminist fraternities. This association was the nucleus for the New German Burschenschaft founded in 1996.
As part of the First World War , the Arminia founded the Academic Aid Association to support wounded combatants , which was later expanded to become a university for the blind in Marburg. Today Marburg has an international reputation in research for the blind.
With other like-minded fraternities, the Arminia founded the Red Direction on January 10, 1920 , a cartel within the German fraternity.
National Socialist Period
On 27./28. In June 1936, under pressure from the National Socialists, the Arminia fraternity was dissolved. The association of old armines - a union of the former students of the student union - decided to keep the association house. Like almost all student associations, the Arminia fraternity in Marburg was converted into a comradeship on November 1, 1937. The comradeship was called Lützow. Shortly before the end of the Second World War, the Arminenhaus became part of the university clinic.
After the war
On June 9, 1950, the first new members of the Arminia Marburg fraternity were received . In 1951 the fraternity house was returned to the Arminia by the Allies . In 1960 the house was expanded into a student residence and placed under monument protection.
In 1970 the fraternity Arminia Marburg abolished the Bestimmungsmensur from. For this reason, the fraternity was kicked out of the umbrella organization of the German fraternity for the first time. The association agreed to re-join the umbrella organization, in return Austrian fraternities could become members of the German fraternity. Since 1970, the German Burschenschaft has been accepting member unions without determination of censorship, but it also complies with the demands of the Burschenschaftliche Gemeinschaft to accept Austrian fraternities in their umbrella organization.
After the turn
In 1990, the Arminia fraternity accepted people doing community service for the first time , followed by the second expulsion from the German fraternity. Arminia sued this exclusion and was right. She then resigned herself. On January 13, 1996, Arminia and seven other fraternities founded the liberal umbrella organization Neue Deutsche Burschenschaft .
In 2002 the Arminia fraternity published a Marburg declaration, in which they referred to their principles and distanced themselves from extremist associations and parties.
In the 2013/14 financial year, Arminia was the chairperson of the New German Burschenschaft for the fourth time .
Like most student associations, the Arminia fraternity in Marburg wears a ribbon as an identification mark. Boys wear a black-red-gold ribbon, foxes a black-red ribbon, each with a gold percussion . The color combination was only allowed from 1863, as it was previously considered an anti-state symbol against the monarchy.
- Friedrich Bachmann (1884–1961), administrative lawyer
- Ludwig Bickell (1838–1901), lawyer, photographer, monument conservator and museum founder
- Hans Werner Bracht (1927–2005), lawyer and politician
- Rudolf Brandsch (1880–1953), Transylvanian-Saxon politician in Romania
- Rudolf Breitscheid (1874–1944), politician (SPD)
- Oswald Collmann (1845–1912), librarian, teacher, philologist and historian
- Wilhelm Comberg (1885–1958), ophthalmologist and university professor
- Walther Dobbelmann (1874–1956), Mayor of Stolberg
- Fritz Dörffler (1888–1945), lawyer
- Otto Erler (1872–1943), playwright
- Theobald Fischer (1846–1910), geographer and university professor (honorary member)
- Horst Frerking (* 1934), veterinarian
- Ernst Gerland (1838–1910), physicist, university professor and physics historian
- Georg Gerland (1833–1919), geographer and geophysicist
- Otto Hartwig (1830–1903), librarian and historical researcher
- Albrecht Hase (1882–1962), chemist, entomologist and parasitologist
- Karl Haselbacher (1904–1940), Gestapo officer
- Georg Heer (1860–1945), lawyer and student historian
- Kurt Heissmeyer (1905–1967), doctor in the Neuengamme concentration camp (posthumously excluded in 2001)
- Georg zur Hellen (1886–1954), Lord Mayor of Remscheid
- Erwin Hölzerkopf (1873–1949), First Mayor of Iserlohn and member of the Provincial Parliament of Westphalia
- Wilhelm Hufnagel (1848–1924), doctor, secret medical council and co-founder of the children's sanatorium in Bad Orb
- Otto Hugo (1878–1942), co-founder of the German People's Party (DVP)
- Gustav Hüpeden (1850–1937), high school professor and member of the German Reichstag
- Felix Klingemann (1863–1944), chemist
- Karl Klingemann (1859–1946), theologian and pastor, general superintendent of the Rhine Province
- Siegmund Kunisch (1900–1978), politician
- Otto Liebetrau (1855–1928), lawyer and Lord Mayor of Gotha
- Georg Lindemann (1885–1961), social democratic municipal civil servant in Hanover, lawyer, city councilor, mayor and city director
- Heinrich Lübben (1883–1931), zoo director
- Ernst Melsheimer (1897–1960), lawyer
- Erich Pfalzgraf (1879–1937), Protestant theologian and preacher
- Wilhelm Pfeffer (1845–1920), botanist and plant physiologist
- Fritz Rose (1855–1922), colonial official in German New Guinea
- Ernst Salge (1882–1949), Lord Mayor of Tilsit
- Heinrich Seelheim (1884–1964), Consul in Winnipeg, Canada and Consul General in Yokohama, Japan
- Wilhelm Spickernagel (1890–1928), journalist, writer and politician (DVP, NLP), member of the Prussian state parliament
- Friedrich Wigand (1887–1966), politician (DVP), MdL Prussia
- Louis Wolff (1846-1919), writer
Membership directory :
- Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. List of members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. pp. 1072–1073.
- Hans-Georg Balder: The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, pp. 298-299.
- Georg Heer : The Marburg Burschenschaft Arminia from 1860 to 1895: together with a short history of the Marburg Burschenschaft since 1816; Ceremony for the 35-year foundation festival of MB Arminia. Marburg aL: Ehrhardt, 1896.
- Georg Heer: Constitution and goals of the old Marburg fraternity in their historical development. Marburg / Lahn 1910.
- Georg Heer: The Marburg Burschenschaft Arminia, Marburg / L. Alter Arminen Association, 1951.
- Günter Hollenberg (Red.): The Philipps University of Marburg between the Empire and National Socialism. Kassel: Association for Hess. History and regional studies, 2006.
- Rudolf Möller (zsgest): Georg Heer. A picture of life. Ceremony for the 90th foundation festival of the Marburg fraternity Arminia and in honor of its commemorative member. June 16, 1950. With a tribute from Georg Schmidgall. Fulda: Parzeller, 1950.
- Klaus Müller: Student in Marburg / Lahn in the 50s and 60s of the last century. An account of a lost time. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Publishing House for Education and Administration, 2006, ISBN 3934299067 .
- Official homepage of the Arminia Marburg fraternity
- Collection of color cards from the Arminia Marburg fraternity , accessed on December 6, 2015