Cagayan de Oro

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City of Cagayan de Oro (abbreviated CDO or C. de O. )
Location of Cagayan de Oro in the Misamis Oriental Province
Basic data
Region : Northern Mindanao
Province : Misamis Oriental
Barangays : 80
District: 1. District of Misamis Oriental
PSGC : 104305000
Income class : 1st income bracket
Households : 116.224
May 1, 2000 census
Population : 675.950
August 1, 2015 census
Population density : 1383 inhabitants per km²
Area : 488.86  km²
Coordinates : 8 ° 29 ′  N , 124 ° 39 ′  E Coordinates: 8 ° 29 ′  N , 124 ° 39 ′  E
Postal code : 9000
Area code : +63 088
Mayor : Oscar S. Moreno
Geographical location in the Philippines
Cagayan de Oro (Philippines)
Cagayan de Oro
Cagayan de Oro

The City of Cagayan de Oro (abbreviated CDO or C. de O. ) is a city of the first category in the Misamis Oriental Province in the Philippines .

In the dialect of Cebuano it is called Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro , in Tagalog it is called Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro .

It is the commercial and service center of Mindanao and at the same time the capital of the Misamis Oriental province . It is also the most important educational center in Northern Mindanao District , Region X.

The city is often referred to as the "Golden City of Friendship".

Origin of name

It is said that the name comes from the word Cagaycay from the Bukidnon language and means raking the earth with the bare hand or with a small stick . The name also means sifting stones from the river or raking gold ore on the slope or in the current .

On the Cagayan River, near Cagayan de Oro, gold was repeatedly found in earlier times , especially in Tumpagon, Pigsag-an, Tuburan, Taglimao and other communities. Before the Spaniards reached the area, there were many places where the earth was traversed in search of the precious metal.


Cagayan de Oro City is located in the central north of Mindanao Island .

The urban area is limited to the east by the Tagoloan municipality, to the south by the province of Bukidnon and to the west by the municipality of Opol. To the north lies the Macajalar Bay, part of the Mindanao Sea . The Cagayan River divides the city in half before flowing into the Mindanao Sea.

Demographics and language

According to the census of August 1, 2015, the city has 675,950 inhabitants.

Cebuano or Visayan is the main language of the city. Most of the residents of Cagayan de Oro also speak Tagalog and / or English .


Cagayan de Oro City is politically divided into 80 barangays (districts).

  • Agusan
  • Balulang
  • Bayabas
  • sweet
  • Bugo
  • Bulua
  • Camaman-an
  • Canitoan
  • Carmen
  • Consolacion
  • Cugman
  • Gusa
  • Iponan
  • Kauswagan
  • Lapasan
  • Lumbia
  • Macabalan
  • Maca sandig
  • Nazareth
  • Patag
  • Puerto
  • Puntod
  • Tablet
  • Baikingon
  • Balubal
  • Bayanga
  • Besigan
  • Dansolihon
  • FS Catanico
  • Indahag
  • Mambuaya
  • Pagalungan
  • Pagatpat
  • Pigsag-an
  • San Simon
  • Daytime climate
  • Tagpangi
  • Tignapoloan
  • Tuburan
  • Tumpagon
  • Barangay 01
  • Barangay 02
  • Barangay 03
  • Barangay 04
  • Barangay 05
  • Barangay 06
  • Barangay 07
  • Barangay 08
  • Barangay 09
  • Barangay 10
  • Barangay 11
  • Barangay 12
  • Barangay 13
  • Barangay 14
  • Barangay 15
  • Barangay 16
  • Barangay 17
  • Barangay 18
  • Barangay 19
  • Barangay 20
  • Barangay 21
  • Barangay 22
  • Barangay 23
  • Barangay 24
  • Barangay 25
  • Barangay 26
  • Barangay 27
  • Barangay 28
  • Barangay 29
  • Barangay 30
  • Barangay 31
  • Barangay 32
  • Barangay 33
  • Barangay 34
  • Barangay 35
  • Barangay 36
  • Barangay 37
  • Barangay 38
  • Barangay 39
  • Barangay 40


The area of ​​today's Cagayan de Oro was already occupied by Higaunons in the time before Christ, later groups from the Visayas followed .

The original name of the area was Kalambagohan. The largest settlement was called Himologan and was a fortress built on a hill about eight kilometers from today's city center. When the Arab missionaries came to Mindanao, Kalambaguhan became part of the Tagoloan Sultanate . In Kalambaguhan at that time lived the ethnic group of the Bukidnons, who had settled along the banks of the Kalambaguhan River.

In the middle of the 17th century, Sultan Kudarat attacked the place. Datu Salangsang, the organizer of the defense, had the residents of the area take refuge in the hills of Huluga. In 1622 Fray Agustin de San Pedro successfully fought back the fighters from Maguindanao and persuaded the people to return to their settlements in Kalambaguhan, as he promised them protection from the Spanish colonial power.

Around 1738 the Spaniards established themselves in the region around Cagayan, and when Misamis received provincial status in 1883, one of the four districts became Partidos de Cagayan.

Since Islam never prevailed in the area around Cagayan, the population was quickly convinced of Christianity. Around 1845 the first stone church was built on the spot where the San Agustin Metropolitan Cathedral now rises. The cathedral was destroyed during the American liberation in 1945 and reconstructed under Archbishop James TG Hayes. Pope Pius XII raised the diocese of Cagayan to the first Catholic archdiocese in Mindanao.

In 1871, Cagayan became a village and the capital of Misamis Province. In 1883 the seat of the Spanish government in Mindanao was established in the place. This was responsible for the areas of today's provinces Misamis Occidental , Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte . In this context, the village changed over time into a trading center.

During the Spanish-American War, revolutionaries fought alongside the Americans, for example in the Battle of Cagayan on April 7, 1900 and the Battle of Macahambus on June 4, 1900. After the Japanese invasion in 1942, Cagayan was occupied and many houses burned down . In 1945, Cagayan was liberated by the Americans.

On June 15, 1950, the town of Cagayan de Misamis, by Republic Act No. 521, became a notarized town with the new name of Cagayan de Oro. Since then it has been considered one of the most peaceful and emerging cities in the entire archipelago.

The tropical cyclone Washi and the associated heavy rains caused flash floods in the night of December 16-17, 2011, which surprised many residents in their sleep and resulted in several hundred deaths, including in the neighboring city of Iligan City .


Rainfalls can occur all year round. The average monthly rainfall in the urban area is 182.25 mm. With around 16 rainy days, the urban area of ​​Cagayan de Oro can therefore be described as dry.

The average temperature is 26.5 ° C. The hottest month is July, the coolest February.

Town twinning

  • United StatesUnited States Lawndale , United States, since 1986
  • TaiwanRepublic of China (Taiwan) Tainan , Republic of China, since 2005
  • China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Harbin , People's Republic of China, since 2007
  • United StatesUnited States Norfolk , United States, since 2008

Educational institutions

  • Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan
  • Liceo de Cagayan University
  • Mindanao University of Science and Technology
  • Bukidnon State University


View from Malasag Eco-Tourism Village
  • The Macahambus Cave and the Gorge
  • Whitewater rafting along the Cagayan de Oro River
  • The Saint Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral, home of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro
  • The Gaston Park
  • The Catanico Falls
  • The La Castilla Museum
  • The Mapawa Natural Park
  • Gardens of Malasag, an eco-tourism village
  • The Kagay-an Resort
  • The Bonifacio Park
  • The Huluga Caves, where the skeletal fragments of a child and a woman from 377 BC Were found


Individual evidence

  1. Deadly flash floods in: FAZ from December 19, 2011, page 9, in the chargeable archive: FAZ archive

Web links

Commons : Cagayan de Oro City  - Collection of images, videos and audio files