Claus Roxin (born May 15, 1931 in Hamburg ) is a German legal scholar . He is considered one of the most influential dogmatists of criminal law and enjoys a high national and international reputation. A total of twenty-seven universities have awarded him honorary doctorates .
Claus Roxin was born in 1931 as the son of Hans and Charlotte Roxin in Hamburg and spent his school days there.
After studying (1950-1954) at the University of Hamburg Roxin worked as a research assistant at the Chair of Professor Heinrich Henkel , where he joined in 1962 with the study perpetration and over the infringement habilitated . He received his doctorate in 1957 on the subject of open facts and legal obligations .
In 1963, at the age of 32, Roxin became a professor at the Georg-August University in Göttingen . In 1966 he participated in the creation and submission of the so-called alternative draft for the general part of the German penal code . This draft - liberal and innovative by the standards of the time - had a decisive influence on German criminal law. Roxin was also a co-author of the Alternative Draft for the Special Section of the Criminal Code, which appeared in four volumes from 1968 to 1971.
Roxin then worked in a working group of German and Swiss criminal law teachers, which in 1973 brought the alternative draft of a penal law into the legal discussion. In 1980 the working group published an alternative draft to the Code of Criminal Procedure . Roxin was also involved in this design. ( See also: Major Criminal Law Reform )
Roxin moved from Göttingen to the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich as early as 1971 . There he researched and taught for 28 years as a full professor for criminal law, criminal procedure law and general legal theory. Since 1974 he has been the managing director of the Institute for the Entire Criminal Law Studies. Roxin retired in 1999.
Through guest appearances on the television series How Would You Decide? Roxin became known to a wider audience in the 1970s.
Roxin is co-editor of the journal for the entire criminal law science and the new journal for criminal law . Since 1994 he has been a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .
Roxin is privately involved in the Karl May Society, which he co-founded . For 28 years, from 1971 to 1999, he was chairman of the company. In 1999 he was made honorary chairman .
Roxin is married to the lawyer Imme Roxin. Their three children live in Munich and Berlin.
Roxin's work includes a number of monographs and a variety of articles, judgment notes, and essays. Typical of Roxin's influence on German criminal law is the unbroken interest in his writings, which are among the standard works of German criminal law. The 10th edition of his habilitation thesis perpetrators and perpetrators appeared as a classic of general criminal law forty-seven years after it was written in 2019. The study book on criminal procedural law he took over in 1967 was last published in 2014 in its 28th edition (since the 26th edition in 2009 edited by Bernd Schünemann).
His most important works include:
- Open facts and legal obligations. 2nd Edition. Verlag Cram, de Gruyter & Co., Hamburg 1970.
- Perpetration and culpability. 9th edition. Verlag de Gruyter, Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-11-062390-1 .
- Criminal Law, General Part, Volume I: Basics. The Structure of Crime Doctrine. 4th edition. Publishing house CH Beck, Munich 2006.
- Criminal Law, General Part, Volume II: Special manifestations of the offense. Publishing house CH Beck, Munich 2003.
- Karl May, criminal law and literature. u. a. in: Yearbook of the Karl May Society 1978, pp. 9–36 . For further publications of this article see here (PDF, 585 kB) .
Awards and honors
Claus Roxin received honorary doctorates from 27 universities :
- October 19, 1984: Hanyang University , Seoul , South Korea
- June 15, 1989: University of Urbino , Italy
- May 19, 1991: University of Coimbra , Portugal
- January 28, 1994: Complutense University , Madrid , Spain
- June 15, 1994: University of Barcelona , Spain
- October 19, 1994: Komotini University , Greece
- November 10, 1997: University of Athens , Greece
- October 23, 1998: University of Milan , Italy
- March 21, 2000: Lusíada University , Lisbon , Portugal
- September 4, 2000: National Institute for Criminal Law , Mexico
- November 16, 2000: University of Tabasco , Mexico
- October 18, 2001: National University of Cordoba , Argentina
- May 27, 2003: Universidad del Norte , Asunción , Paraguay
- May 27, 2004: University of Granada , Spain
- September 24, 2007: Universidad Santa María , Caracas , Venezuela
- September 25, 2008: University of Belgrade , Serbia
- January 28, 2009: University of Huelva , Spain
- September 24, 2009: Andres Bello University , Santiago de Chile / Viña del Mar , Chile
- October 12, 2010: University of San Marcos , Lima , Peru
- October 30, 2012: Gama Filho University, Rio de Janeiro , Brazil
- November 7, 2013: Universidad de Huánuco , Huánuco , Peru
- September 1, 2014: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie , São Paulo , Brazil
- September 9, 2014: Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil
- November 13, 2014: Pablo de Olavide University , Seville , Spain
- September 6, 2016: University of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega , Lima, Peru
- March 15, 2017: Libre University, Bogotá , Colombia
- November 13, 2017: University of Guanajuato , Mexico
Further awards and honors
Claus Roxin has been the recipient of the Cross of Honor of the Order of San Raimundo de Penafort since 1994 and of the Federal Cross of Merit 1st Class since 2000 .
In addition, on May 19, 2000 he was appointed honorary professor at the Universidad de Lima , Peru , in 2002 the Beccaria Medal in gold and the Max Friedlaender Prize 2007 from the Bavarian Bar Association .
Roxin has been honorary professor since November 27, 2012 at the Universidad Católica de Cuenca , Cuenca , Ecuador , since March 6, 2013 at the Universidad Iberoamericana , Santo Domingo , Dominican Republic , since March 12, 2013 at the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo , Dominican Republic, and since October 30, 2013 at the Universidad Nacional del Nordeste , Corrientes , Argentina .
- Bernd Schünemann (Ed.): Festschrift for Claus Roxin on his 70th birthday on May 15, 2001. Verlag de Gruyter. Berlin, New York 2001, ISBN 3-11-016515-5 .
- Bernd Schünemann (Ed.): Claus Roxin: Person - Work - Epoch. Centaurus Publishing House. Herbolzheim 2003, ISBN 3-8255-0381-X .
- Hans Achenbach : Claus Roxin on his 75th birthday. In: Neue Juristische Wochenschrift 2006, p. 1405.
- Jürgen Wolter u. a .: Ceremony for Claus Roxin on his 75th birthday. In: Goltdammer's Archive for Criminal Law (Issue 5) 2006, pp. 255–438.
- Manfred Heinrich , Christian Jäger , Hans Achenbach (eds.), U. a .: Criminal law as Scientia Universalis: Festschrift for Claus Roxin on his 80th birthday on May 15, 2011. Volume 1. Verlag de Gruyter. Berlin, New York 2011, ISBN 978-3-11-024010-8 .
- Claus Roxin's website
- Literature by and about Claus Roxin in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Claus Roxin in the German Digital Library
- Jürgen Seul, Claus Roxin - A cross-border commuter between criminal law and literature , Legal Tribune Online (accessed on May 6, 2010)
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German criminal law scholar|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 15, 1931|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|