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Logo of Cumhuriyet.png

description Turkish newspaper
First edition May 7, 1924
Frequency of publication Every day
Sold edition 55,000–70,000 copies
Editor-in-chief Aykut Küçükkaya
editor Cumhuriyet Vakfı
Web link

Cumhuriyet ( pronunciation ? / I , German "republic" ) is a Turkish national daily newspaper with the editorial office in Istanbul . It is one of the oldest daily newspapers in the country. It was founded in 1924 by the journalist Yunus Nadi Abalıoğlu . The weekly Cumhuriyet Hafta appeared for the first time in 1990 with a special edition in Germany. The editorial policy, which was previously considered center-left , was changed to Kemalist - nationalist by the newly elected Foundation Board in September 2018 . Audio file / audio sample  

Media journalists described the newspaper as serious, intellectual and sometimes as investigative . In contrast to many other daily newspapers, it is more text-oriented than image-heavy and, in contrast to the major tabloids, uses a differentiated writing style. The newspaper has a circulation of around 75,000 copies. Eurotopics describes it as "one of the last opposition newspapers in Turkey".


1981 to 1982 Hasan Cemal was the editor-in-chief; Mustafa Balbay is one of the long-standing correspondents . The newspaper and its editors have been exposed to politically motivated attacks and state repression for decades, and have been since the attempted coup by army units in mid-July 2016 .

Politically motivated assassinations 1979–1999

  • Server Tanilli (1931–2011), Cumhuriyet author and lecturer in constitutional law at Istanbul University , was attacked with a gun on April 7, 1978 on his way home and has since been paralyzed from the waist down.
  • Cavit Orhan Tütengil (* 1921), Cumhuriyet author and head of the Institute of Sociology at the University of Istanbul, was killed by four armed attackers on December 7, 1979 at a bus stop in Istanbul's Levent district.
  • At the funeral of Tütengil there were tumults in which the television producer and Cumhuriyet author Ümit Kaftancıoğlu (* 1935) was injured. On April 11, 1980, Kaftancıoğlu was killed by two armed attackers in Istanbul's Mecidiyeköy district. Ahmet Mustafa Kıvılcım, a militant supporter of the right-wing extremist Ülkücü movement, was identified as an accomplice . He was initially sentenced to life imprisonment, but the sentence was reduced by a military tribunal because he was an accomplice and not a main offender. After four years, Kıvılcım was released from prison.
  • Muammer Aksoy (* 1917), lawyer, chairman of the Kemalist-secular Ataturkçü Düşünce Derneği (ADD) and Cumhuriyet author, was shot on the way home on January 31, 1990 in Ankara.
  • Bahriye Üçok (* 1919), a former lecturer at the Theological Faculty of Ankara University , functionary of the social democratic-laicist Social Democratic Populist Party ( Sosyaldemokrat Halkçı Parti , SHP) and Cumhuriyet author, died on October 6, 1990 in the explosion of a package bomb, which was sent to your home address.
  • The journalist and author Uğur Mumcu (* 1942) was killed when a bomb installed in his car detonated on January 24, 1993.
  • The filmmaker and Cumhuriyet author Onar Kutlar (* 1936) was seriously injured on December 30, 1994 when a bomb detonated in the patisserie of the hotel “The Marmara” in Istanbul and died 12 days later.
  • Ahmet Taner Kışlalı (* 1939), former minister of culture of Turkey, deputy chairman of Ataturkçü Düşünce Derneği , lecturer at the Faculty of Communication at Ankara University and Cumhuriyet author, died on October 21, 1999 from a bomb exploding in front of his house.

Repression since 1999

The Cumhuriyet laments a large number of attempts by the state to harass and repression under the AKP , which has been in power since 2002 . Eurotopics uses the following description: “The secular quality paper Cumhuriyet is considered to be one of the last opposition newspapers in Turkey.” Since Can Dündar took over as editor-in-chief in 2015, it has been considered “less Kemalist ”.

Investigation into the publication of the Charlie Hebdo cartoon

In January 2015, the newspaper was investigated by Turkish authorities and delivery vehicles were searched without result. A Turkish court had banned the publication of the new cover picture of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo , the newspaper had published pictures and caricatures from Charlie Hebdo in a supplement.

Investigation into reporting ammunition deliveries to Syria

The Cumhuriyet reported on May 29, 2015 under the heading "İşte Erdoğan'ın yok dediği silahlar" ( "Here are the weapons that Erdogan denies") on ammunition that the Turkish secret service MIT in 2014 Islamist trucked their opinion on Delivered to militias in Syria.

The Turkish Telecommunications Authority immediately prohibited the newspaper from further publishing the news and relied on the 2015/1330 urgent judgment of the 8th Istanbul Peace Court (8th Sulh Ceza Hakimliği).

In October 2015, the Turkish public prosecutor in the course of the searched Cumhuriyet- process the offices of Cumhuriyet in Istanbul and Ankara . On November 26, 2015, the editor-in-chief Can Dündar and the head of the capital city office Erdem Gül were arrested on suspicion of espionage, membership in a terrorist group and the dissemination of state secrets. On February 25, 2016, the Turkish Constitutional Court declared that Dündar and Gül were not in law. Their rights to personal freedom and security have been violated. Can Dündar and Erdem Gül were released from custody on February 26, 2016. Nevertheless, the trial against the journalists was scheduled to start on March 25, 2016.

Alleged Internet blockade

Erdem Gül and Can Dündar (2016)

On September 7, 2015, Cumhuriyet claimed that Turkish users' access to their servers and thus to their website was willfully blocked by the providers Türk Telekom, TTNET, PTT, CELL and Uydunet. The newspaper presented this as a politically motivated and illegal de facto censorship measure by the provider. The company Türk Telekom , which despite privatization is under strong state influence , which provides and operates the infrastructure of Turkish Internet providers, rejected this representation in a statement.

The newspaper cited the publication of a politically controversial quote from an interview with President Erdoğan as a specific occasion, which had been broadcast nationwide by various television stations the day before without any complaints. The Turkish Journalists' Association TGC, through its chairman Turgay Olcato, stated that these were clearly censorship measures that had to be considered in the context of the upcoming parliamentary elections. The chairman of the Turkish Press Council, Pınar Doors, was quoted as saying that the events described by Cumhuriyet were “obvious censorship”.

The newspaper said that it had filed a complaint with the Istanbul Public Prosecutor's Office through its lawyers in order to identify those responsible for the blockade and bring them to justice. Muharrem Erkek, the member of parliament of the Republican People's Party ( Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi , CHP) for the province of Çanakkale , called on the Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on September 14, 2015 in a parliamentary question to comment on these events.

Cumhuriyet published detailed instructions on how Turkish users can bypass the "blocks" using browser plugins, VPN connections and dial-in via Google DNS, Norton DNS and Uydunet DNS.

Dündar's resignation and arrests

On August 15, 2016, Can Dündar, currently living in exile, announced that he was stepping down from his position as editor-in-chief. In the article, which was published in Cumhuriyet , Dündar wrote that he would never forget his experiences with the newspaper and that he would continue his column.

Protests against arrests in front of the Cumhuriyet editorial office in Istanbul

On October 31, 2016, apartments were searched by managers and editors of the newspaper. The new editor-in-chief Murat Sabuncu and other newspaper employees were arrested. The state news agency Anadolu reported that the investigators are also looking for the editor Güray Öz. The news channel CNN Türk reported that a total of 13 arrests had been ordered against employees of the newspaper. On November 11, 2016, Cumhuriyet reported that the newspaper's editor, Akin Atalay, had been arrested at Istanbul Ataturk Airport. The public prosecutor accused the newspaper of supporting the terrorist PKK and the movement of the preacher Fethullah Gülen.

In addition to Murat Sabuncu, Turhan Günay, senior editor of the literary supplement; Hikmet Çetinkaya, the newspaper's author for 50 years; Aydin Engin, ex-editor-in-chief and author; Güray Öz, board member and author; Hakan Kara, author and ex-environmental editor; Musa Kart, longtime caricaturist for the newspaper; Bülent Utku, board member and ex-legal advisor; Mustafa Kemal Güngör, board member and legal advisor; Önder Çelik, board member; Bülent Yener, former board member; Kadri Gürsel, chief editor's advisor; Günseli Özaltay, general manager arrested. Nebil Ozgentürk, board member and author, and Akın Atalay, chairman of the board and ex-legal advisor, were also due to be arrested but were abroad. Orhan Erinç, chairman of the foundation, was not arrested for reasons of age. Furthermore, Müslüm Özışık and Nail İnan were searched for.

On May 12, 2017, the editor-in-chief for Cumhuriyet's online edition, Oğuz Güven, was arrested. On November 21 of the same year, he was sentenced to three years and one month in prison. He was found guilty of "terror propaganda" for the Hizmet movement . He is also said to have “legitimized” the methods of the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) . The background was a tweet from the newspaper's official Twitter account in which he spoke about the accidental death of the public prosecutor Mustafa Alper, but which immediately corrected the tweet.

The trial of 17 former and current employees of the newspaper began in Istanbul on July 24, 2017.

On March 9, 2018, a conditional court ordered the release of editor-in-chief Murat Sabuncu and journalist Ahmet Şık, both of whom had been in custody for over 400 days. Publisher Akın Atalay remained in custody.

Paradise Papers and the Yıldırım Family

On November 13, 2017, it was announced that Prime Minister Yıldırım was suing Cumhuriyet. Cumhuriyet had previously reported in the Paradise Papers that Yıldırım's two sons apparently own several offshore companies. With the allegations of 'violation of personal rights' and 'defamation', the three are demanding compensation for pain and suffering of around 110,000 euros.

New direction

In September 2018, the board of the foundation that owns the newspaper was newly elected. However, this fact was only made possible by a legal process. Alev Coşkun became the foundation's board of directors, whose board, like himself, is classified as nationalist, thus changing the orientation of the newspaper from previously social democratic to nationalist - Kemalist . Murat Sabuncu, who had been editor-in-chief until then, resigned and was replaced by Aykut Küçükkaya. In the first editorial it was stated that "one will return to the principles of Ataturk ". Metin Feyzioğlu , Chairman of the Turkish Bar Association , welcomed the new editorial policy.

Awards and honors

On September 22, 2016, it was announced that the newspaper would be receiving the Right Livelihood Award known as the “Alternative Nobel Prize ” .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. weekly edition of Turkish daily newspapers,
  3. Turkey: Many resignations from the government critical newspaper "Cumhuriyet" - Retrieved September 14, 2018 .
  4. Anger over satire or greed for money? In: TAZ online . February 9, 2006.
  5. Two newspaper copies always go to the public prosecutor's office ( Memento from May 15, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) In: Parliament online . April 26, 2004.
  6. The great Turkish newspaper death . In: Tagesspiegel online . October 7, 2001. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  7. Cumhuriyet | Retrieved November 12, 2017 .
  8. Bianet : “Ümit Kaftancıoğlu Cinayeti” (“The murder of Ümit Kaftancıoğlu”) , accessed on September 15, 2015
  9. Ecevit II cabinet , January 5, 1978 to November 12, 1979
  10. Cumhuriyet | Retrieved November 12, 2017 .
  11. Because of "Charlie Hebdo" reprint: Investigation against Turkish newspaper "Cumhuriyet". In: January 15, 2015, accessed January 16, 2015 .
  12. Can Dündar: Lifelong for the Truth: Records from Prison. Hamburg: Hoffman and Campe Verlag 2016, p. 22.
  13. İşte Erdoğan'ın yok dediği silahlar ( Memento from May 29, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) In: Cumhuriyet . May 29, 2015 (Turkish).
  14. ^ The time of May 7, 2016
  15. Critical editor-in-chief faces life imprisonment. In: Der Spiegel. 3rd June 2015.
  16. Cumhuriyet: "MİT TIR'ları haberine yasak geldi" ("Report on secret service trucks banned") , accessed on September 15, 2015
  17. Turkey: Journalists critical of the government released from custody , Spiegel Online , February 26, 2016.
  18. CNN Türk : "Cumhuriyet Gazetesi'ne erişim engeli" ("Access restriction for the Cumhuryiet newspaper") , accessed on September 15, 2015
  19. Cumhuriyet: "Erdoğan'ın videosunu yayınlayan Cumhuriyet'e Telekom sansürü" ("Censorship for Cumhuriyet who published Erdoğan's video") , accessed on September 15, 2015
  20. Cumhuriyet: “Cumhuriyet'e sansüre meslek örgütlerinden tepki” (“Professional associations respond to Cumhuriyet censorship”) , accessed on September 15, 2015
  21. Cumhuriyet: “Cumhuriyet'e sansür Meclis gündeminde” (“Cumhuriyet censorship on Parliament's agenda”) , accessed September 15, 2015
  22. Cumhuriyet: “Uydunet yetkilileri: Biz girebiliyoruz” (“Those responsible for Uydunet: We have access”) , accessed on September 15, 2015
  23. ^ FR: Dündar resigns. In: FR-Online. Frankfurter Rundschau, August 15, 2016, accessed on August 15, 2016 .
  24. Police arrest Cumhuriyet editor-in-chief . Spiegel Online, October 31, 2016.
  25. Cumhuriyet editor-in-chief arrested. FAZ, October 31, 2016, accessed on October 31, 2016 .
  26. Akın Atalay yurda döndü, gözaltına alındı. Cumhuriyet, November 11, 2016, accessed November 11, 2016 (Turkish). ; as well as Frankfurter Rundschau, same date
  27. Hurriyet November 1, 2016: Cumhuriyet journalists 'acted with Gülenists,' claims prosecutor
  28. taz (print edition) November 1, 2016, p. 2/3: Focus: Freedom of the press ("Black Monday", "Let's just do our work", with a picture of the arrested) [1]
  29. taz November 2, 2016: Press and Freedom (names of the 125 journalists who have been in custody to date)
  30. Hurriyet October 31, 2016: Turkish police detain chief editor, columnists, executives of daily Cumhuriyet
  31. Spiegel-Online November 1, 2016: "Cumhuriyet" editorial team after arrests "We will not give up"
  32. Hurriyet November 4, 2016: Nine arrested in probe on daily Cumhuriyet
  33. Sözcü. Oğuz Güven Kimdir? Ünlü gazeteci gözaltına alınıyor, May 12, 2017, accessed May 12, 2017 (Turkish).
  34. Cumhuriyet'e abluka sürüyor ... Oğuz Güven gözaltına alındı ​​... Cumhuriyet, May 12, 2017, accessed on May 12, 2017 (Turkish).
  35. Turkey: Court sentenced more Cumhuriyet journalists to imprisonment . In: The time . November 21, 2017, ISSN  0044-2070 ( [accessed November 21, 2017]).
  36. ^ "Freedom of the press in Turkey: Trial of" Cumhuriyet "employees begins" , FAZ of July 24, 2017
  37. July 24, 2017 / Can Dündar (guest article): Turkish journalists in court
  39. Turkish Prime Minister sued "Cumhuriyet"
  40. Christiane Schlötzer: "Critical print journalism is dying in Turkey". In: . September 10, 2018, accessed March 8, 2020 .
  41. Alternative Nobel Prize goes to “Weißhelme” and “Cumhuriyet”. In: Retrieved September 22, 2016 .