German hermit

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German hermit
Deutschneudorf municipality
Coordinates: 50 ° 37 ′ 56 ″  N , 13 ° 29 ′ 32 ″  E
Height : 713 m
Area : 3.63 km²
Residents : 376  (May 9, 2011)
Population density : 104 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1999
Postal code : 09548
Area code : 037368
Deutscheinsiedel (Saxony)
German hermit

Location of Deutscheinsiedel in Saxony

Deutscheinsiedel is a district of the Saxon community Deutschneudorf in the Erzgebirge district .


View of Deutscheinsiedel
Deutscheinsiedel border crossing


The scattered settlement Deutscheinsiedel is located about 3.5 kilometers southeast of Seiffen in the Ore Mountains . The settlement lies directly on the German-Czech border, which marks the course of the Schweinitz here .
A historic Erzgebirge pass leads through the location . The summit of the Deutscheinsiedler saddle at 720  m above sea level. NN is about 1 kilometer northwest of the town center.
It is the lowest mountain passage between the Vogtland and the Eastern Ore Mountains . To the north of the village is the 818 m high Teichhübel and the area of ​​the "Deutscheinsiedler Hochmoorkomplexes". This is also where the Heidengraben runs , an artificial moat originally created for mining , which transfers water from the small Schweinitz to the Seiffenbach near Heidelberg .
The state road 207 Eppendorf –Deutscheinsiedel, the S 213 Niederlochmühle – Deutscheinsiedel and the S 214 Olbernhau –Deutscheinsiedel begin or end in the village . In addition, there is a border crossing for car traffic that was reopened in 2002.

Neighboring places

Oberseiffenbach Neighboring communities Klíny
Brothers meadow Mikulovice Mníšek v Krušných horách


Evangelical Church Deutscheinsiedel
a seal mark of the former municipality from around 1900

The first written mention dates from 1425 as a czol uff dem Eynsidel . The name of the place comes from the older place Böhmisch-Einsiedel on the other side of the border. In 1602 the name was beym Einsiedel and in 1668 it was called the German Einsiedel , whereby the later prefixed “German-” served to differentiate the place.

A board mill and rafting is mentioned around 1600. In the Thirty Years' War this mill and a neighboring farm were burned down in 1634, from 1646 the estate was rebuilt. With the support of the landlord August von Schönberg , residents from Seiffen, Neuhausen and Bohemian Einsiedel moved in.
The sale of part of the Einsiedler forest to Elector Johann Georg I in 1653 led to a flood. A schoolmaster is mentioned in 1731, and a school building was not built until 1899.

August Schumann mentions German settlers in the State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony in 1814 concerning a. a .:

“It belongs partly in writing to the Purschenstein manor , partly also officially to the Lauterstein office . […]
The village has 1 one- aisle mill . There is also a royal one from the road leading from Bohemia to Freiberg . Customs collection and an accompanying escort from the Lauterstein main escort. "

In 1839 the old manors were dissolved. The community was re-formed from the royal and lordly shares, and the area of ​​Brüderwiese, which until then belonged to Heidelberg, was added.
With the establishment of a post office in 1850, the place received the official name Deutscheinsiedel . A telegraph connection to Seiffen was established as early as 1889. On July 31, 1899, the road connection to Deutschneudorf was opened.

The work “New Saxon Church Gallery” from 1901 names the manufacture of animals from wood and dough as the main line of business for Deutscheinsiedel .

The church was consecrated on September 25, 1905. In 1926 a country home of the YMCA was inaugurated. In 1936 Deutscheinsiedel became a branch church in Deutschneudorf. In 1949 peat cutting was stopped, and in 1979 the school was closed for good.

On January 1, 1999, the previously independent communities Deutscheinsiedel merged with Brüderwiese and Deutschneudorf to form the new community Deutschneudorf.

Development of the population

year population
1542 1 obsessed man
1711 21 cottagers
1834 391
1871 604
year population
1890 510
1910 686
1925 694
1939 693
year population
1946 758
1950 776
1964 652
1990 494
year population
1998 445
2011 376


  • About Olbernhau and Seiffen (= values ​​of our homeland . Volume 43). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1985.
  • District Office Middle Erzgebirgskreis, Ed .: On the history of the cities and municipalities in the Middle Erzgebirgskreis , a time table (parts 1–3)
  • New Villages In: The Bohemian Exiles in Saxony , Christian Adolf Pescheck , Leipzig at S. Hirzel, 1857, pp. 104-107 ( digitized version )

Web links

Commons : Deutscheinsiedel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Small-scale municipality sheet for Deutschneudorf. (PDF; 0.23 MB) State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony , September 2014, accessed on January 28, 2015 .
  2. a b ( Memento of the original from March 18, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b cf. Deutscheinsiedel in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  4. ^ The parish Neuhausen. In: New Saxon Church Gallery, Ephorie Marienberg. Strauch Verlag, Leipzig, Sp. 154 ( digitized version )
  5. cf. German hermit . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 1st volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1814, p. 659 f.
  6. ^ The parish Neuhausen. Sp. 157 ( digitized version )
  7. ^ Area changes from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 1999 on the website of the State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony , p. 3 (PDF; 38 kB), accessed on January 21, 2011