|density||43 inhabitants per km²|
|Alcalde District||Newman Edgard Tuesta Aguilar
Coordinates: 6 ° 10 ′ S , 77 ° 57 ′ W
The district of Luya is one of 23 districts of the province of Luya in the Amazon region in northern Peru . The district has an area of 91.21 km². At the 2017 census, 3959 people lived in the district. In 1993 the population was 4041, in 2007 4153. The seat of the district administration is the small town of Luya .
The city festival in Luya takes place on the holiday of the village patron, John the Baptist, on June 24th.
In the north, the Luya district borders on the Lámud , Trita and San Cristóbal districts , in the east on the Chachapoyas district , in the south on the Lonya Chico district and in the west on the Luya Viejo and Santa Catalina districts .
The first inhabitants of Luya fought hard with nature, as well as later with the neighboring villages, in order to settle in the "Jucusbamba" valley. "Jucusbamba" comes from the local Quechua and means "reed grass plain" (Spanish: "Pampa del Carrizo"). In the beginning, the inhabitants of the Jucusbambatals lived in small, unorganized groups. Over time, these small groups began to rival and fight each other. The strongest conquered the groups of the weakest, until the tribe of the Llullaos emerged under the leadership of a chief.
Later the Llullaos, just like all other tribes in the area of today's Amazon region , were subjugated by Inca Túpac Yupanqui and integrated into the Inca empire . Afterwards, life and customs were more strictly regulated and made more efficient: the lands were distributed more evenly, the work was targeted and compulsory for everyone, plowing was carried out and agriculture professionalized, the harvest was allocated to each family as necessary.
The Luya district also suffered the colonial era, but despite everything, the Spaniards were welcomed by the Luya tribes in a friendly and peaceful manner without a fight. At the battle on the plain of Higos Urco near Chachapoyas on June 6, 1821, they sided with the Republicans against the Spaniards.
At the beginning of the republic most of the district's population was of indigenous origin. But because the area had a good reputation, it soon attracted many important people, such as B. the families Burga, Castañeda, Díaz and many others, whose descendants still make up a large part of the population. Meanwhile, however, many citizens of the surrounding communities and districts also live in Luya and thus contribute to the rich cultural development of the district. When the province of Luya was founded on February 5, 1861 , the district of Luya was also formed as one of its parts.
- Peru: Amazonas region (provinces and districts) at www.citypopulation.de