Fox Broadcasting Company
|TV station ( private law )|
|Program type||Full program|
|reception||Cable , satellite|
|Start of transmission||October 9, 1986 (as Fox Broadcasting Company)|
|executive Director||Dana Walden, Gary Newman|
|List of TV channels|
The Fox Broadcasting Company ( FBC ), also known as FOX and FOX Network called, is an American television - Network . Founded in 1986, the company is owned by Rupert Murdoch's Fox Corporation (formerly News Corporation and 21st Century Fox , not to be confused with the detached News Corp ). The company's headquarters are in New York City .
The first broadcast on October 9, 1986, the first broadcast day of FBC (the station ID was later changed to FOX) was a late night show with Joan Rivers . Since then, the network has produced a large number of programs - in addition to some successful comedy series ( Malcolm in the middle , Family Guy , The Wild Seventies , Arrested Development , New Girl ) - also multiple award-winning audiences such as The X-Files - The Uncanny Cases of the FBI , 24 , OC, California , Dr. House , Prison Break and The Simpsons .
The foundation for the creation of the FBC was laid in March 1985 when News Corp. took over 50 percent of TCF Holdings , the parent company of the film studio 20th Century Fox (TCF), for 250 million US dollars . Six months later, in September, Murdoch also agreed to acquire the remaining 50 percent of TCF Holdings for an additional $ 325 million.
In May 1985, after taking over the first half of TCF, News Corp. by John Kluge's Metromedia, for $ 1.55 billion, six television stations that have merged to form Fox Television Stations Group , the future backbone of the FBC network. The six channels in the major US metropolitan areas included: KTTV in Los Angeles, WFLD in Chicago, KDAF in Dallas (later sold to Tribune as The WB affiliate), KRIV in Houston, WNEW (now WNYW ) in New York, and WTTG in Washington. Together, these first six stations covered 22 percent of US households, with other own stations and affiliates following later.
In October 1985 Murdoch announced his intention to create a fourth, large network that could take on the Big Three (German: "the big three") NBC , CBS and ABC . Murdoch planned to use the capacities of the acquired film studio and the former Metromedia broadcaster together and to produce and broadcast the content in-house - a practice that was not condoned by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for many years . Until the approval of the takeover of the Metromedia channels in March 1986, the organizational structure of the network was therefore not determined.
On May 6, 1986, Murdoch finally introduced FBC , along with its new CEO Barry Diller and comedian Joan Rivers, the first "face" of the new network. The very modest program for the start of the network initially only provided for a daily late-night talk show , The Late Show starring Joan Rivers , based on the late-night program of the competing networks.
When the network went on the air on October 9, 1986, 96 stations - six of its own and 90 affiliates - broadcast the program, with a theoretical coverage of 80 percent of US households. In contrast, the Big Three worked with a good 210 affiliates each and thus achieved theoretical coverage of over 97 percent of households.
Although initially only a single program was broadcast, the network was already working on the production of new programs in order to be able to broadcast one evening a week in prime time in the future .
- Broadcasting in prime time: from April 5, 1987, one hour each Sunday
- first prime time programs:
- Married… with Children ( A Terribly Kind Family ; 1987–1997, 11 seasons, 259 episodes; Columbia Pictures Television)
- The Tracey Ullman Show (1987–1990, 4 seasons, 82 episodes; 20th Century Fox Television)
- The Simpsons ( The Simpsons ; since 1989, 30+ seasons, 659+ episodes; 20th Century Fox Television)
- first successful prime time drama:
- 21 Jump Street - Tatort Classroom (1987–1991; 5 seasons, 103 episodes; 20th Century Fox Television, Cannell Productions)
- first reality formats
- Broadcasting on a second evening (Saturday) from July 11, 1987; Start with four short-lived shows:
- Mr. President
- Women in Prison
- The New Adventures of Beans Baxter
- Second chance
- continuous expansion to seven broadcast evenings by 1993
Despite some successful programs, the network did not have a significant market share until the early 1990s . That slowly changed after News Corp. began buying up various companies that owned television stations. With the acquisition of New World Communications , Chris-Craft Industries , BHC Communications and United Television , Fox Television Stations Group became the largest station owner in the USA.
Fox also tried soaps such as Beverly Hills, 90210 , Melrose Place or Party of Five and was very successful. Later in the decade, other high-rated series were added, most notably the X-Files - The FBI's Scary Cases and Ally McBeal . Together with its long-time hit The Simpsons and additional animated programs, the network was able to steadily expand its market share.
Fox was able to show some formats with high ratings in 1999 and 2000, but was inferior to the Big Three ( ABC , CBS and NBC ) in terms of ratings. At the end of the 1999/2000 television season , the network was only able to win one place among the 25 programs with the highest ratings in the USA. In addition, high-rated formats from the 1990s were either phased out or phased out ( Beverly Hills, 90210 , Melrose Place , Party of Five , "A Terribly Nice Family") or viewer numbers were falling ( Ally McBeal , The X-Files ). This led Fox to increasingly develop reality formats, which, with the exception of Joe Millionaire , had only moderate success. It wasn't until the premiere of American Idol in the fall of 2002 that Fox achieved the hoped-for increase in ratings. The show recorded a steady increase in viewers until the format was discontinued and has been the most-watched format in the USA since the 2004/2005 television season. In 2007, up to 40 million viewers saw the final of the show. In the wake of American Idol , new series such as Dr. House , 24, and Bones - The Bone Slayer gain popularity. As a result, Fox reached more viewers for the first time than any other television network with the help of the Super Bowl broadcast in February 2005. Even more important for the network, however, is the fact that since 2005 it has reached the highest number of viewers in the most lucrative target group of 18 to 49 year olds in terms of advertising.
Today Fox reaches 96.18 percent of the US and thus over 102 million television households.
Broadcasts on Fox
FOX broadcasts its main program from Monday to Friday from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. and on Sundays from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.
- Chris Alexander : Twentieth Century Fox Television Recruits Veteran Television and Film Executive Chris Carlisle to Newly Created Position of President, Fox21 . News Corporation as of December 10, 2008, archived from the original on December 20, 2008 ; accessed on December 25, 2018 (English, original website no longer available).