life and work
In his youth, Hubbard played with various musicians in Indianapolis, including Wes Montgomery and his brothers. He studied music in his hometown and then went to New York.
Hubbard's career began in New York City in 1958 . There he worked with Ornette Coleman (on his album Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation ), with John Coltrane (on his album Ascension 1965), with Eric Dolphy (with whom he lived for 18 months and from whom he learned "intervallic" playing Jumps of two octaves), Slide Hampton , JJ Johnson , Philly Joe Jones , Quincy Jones (soundtrack to the film The Pawnbroker by Sidney Lumet ), Oliver Nelson and Sonny Rollins and was established through his interaction with Art Blakey and his Jazz Messengers from 1961 to 1964 known. Hubbard played eight albums as a band leader and twenty-eight as a sideman on Blue Note Records from 1960 to 1965. Most of these recordings are now considered classics. In 1970 his fiery, melodic improvisation and phenomenal technique established him as one of the leading trumpeters of his time; however, a series of commercially oriented smooth jazz albums also earned him negative reviews.
Many of his records have influenced generations of trumpeters. Stylistically, Hubbard's releases moved partly in the hard bop, partly in the fusion camp. From a chronological perspective, his record releases reflect the development of jazz from hard bop to "free" play in the 1960s to the electric sound of the 1970s. The album The Hub Of Hubbard ( MPS 1970) with pieces like The Things We Did Last Summer (by Jule Styne ) is considered a masterpiece of jazz. The album recorded in Villingen on December 9, 1969, produced by Joachim Ernst Behrendt , was a "by-product" of the European tour at that time. His most famous works are by CTI Records released fusion albums Red Clay in 1970 and the California Concert from 1971, in which he participated. In addition, the album First Light , released under the same label, should be mentioned, for which he received the Grammy in 1973 in the category "Best Jazz Performance by a Group". The congenial arrangements and orchestrations for chamber orchestra come from the pen of the arranger and composer Don Sebesky .
With Wayne Shorter , Herbie Hancock , Ron Carter and Tony Williams , members of the famous second Miles Davis Quintet , he formed the group VSOP since 1976 , which also toured Europe and recorded several albums.
A lip tear in the upper lip with subsequent infection (the suspicion of lip cancer was not confirmed after a biopsy ) paralyzed his artistic work for a long time from 1993 onwards. With the album “New Colors” (2001), which he recorded with the New Jazz Composers Octet led by David Weiss , he made a comeback on the flugelhorn (which requires less lip tension).
In 2006, Hubbard received the NEA Jazz Masters Fellowship .
Freddie Hubbard died of heart failure on December 29, 2008 in a Los Angeles hospital, where he was admitted with a heart attack that November.
Albums under your own name
- 1960: Open Sesame (Blue Note)
- 1961: Goin 'Up (Blue Note)
- 1961: Hub Cap (Blue Note)
- 1961: Minor Mishap ( Black Lion )
- 1961: Ready for Freddie (Blue Note)
- 1962: Hub-Tones (Blue Note) (with Jimmy Spaulding )
- 1962: The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard ( Impulse! )
- 1963: The Body And The Soul (Impulse)
- 1964: Breaking Point (Blue Note)
- 1965: Blue Spirits (Blue Note)
- 1965: The Night Of The Cookers (Blue Note)
- 1966: Backlash (Atlantic)
- 1968: High Blues Pressure ( Atlantic )
- 1969: A Soul Experiment (Atlantic)
- 1970: The Black Angel (Blue Note)
- 1970: Red Clay (CTI) (with Herbie Hancock, Joe Henderson )
- 1970: Straight Life (CTI)
- 1970: The Hub of Hubbard ( MPS ) - Reissue remastered in 2016 by Edel Germany
- 1971: First Light (CTI) (with Ron Carter, George Benson , Airto Moreira , Jack DeJohnette , Hubert Laws )
- 1971: Sing Me a Song of Songmy (Rhino / Wea UK)
- 1972: Sky Dive (CTI)
- 1973: In Concert ; Keep Your Soul Together (CTI)
- 1975: Polar AC (CTI)
- 1975: Liquid Love (CBS)
- 1977: Bundle of Joy ( Columbia )
- 1978: Super Blue (Columbia)
- 1979: The Love Connection (Columbia)
- 1980: Pinnacle: Live & Unreleased from Keystone Korner (Resonance Records)
- 1981: Outpost (Enja)
- 1981: Keystone Bop: Sunday Night / Friday And Saturday (Prestige)
- 1982: Ride Like the Wind (Elektra / WEA)
- 1982: Born to Be Blue (Pablo Records. Inc.) with Harold Land
- 1982: Rollin ' (MPS)
- 1983: Sweet Return (with Lew Tabackin , Joanne Brackeen , Eddie Gomez , Roy Haynes )
- 1985: The Freddie Hubbard / Woody Shaw Sessions (Blue Note)
- 1988: Feel The Wind ( Timeless )
- 1989: Topsy ( Enja )
- 1990: Bolivia / Limelight (Limelight)
- 1991: Live In Warzaw 1991 (Jazzmen)
- 1991: Live At Fat Tuesday’s (Limelight)
- 2001: New Colors (Hip Bop)
- 2008: On the Real Side (Times Square)
As a sideman
- Ornette Coleman Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation 1960
- Tina Brooks True Blue 1960
- Eric Dolphy Outward Bound 1960
- Oliver Nelson The Blues and the Abstract Truth 1961
- Dexter Gordon Doin Alright 1961
- Art Blakey : Mosaic 1961
- Bill Evans: Interplay 1962
- Herbie Hancock Takin off , Bluenote 1962
- Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers: Free for All 1964
- Eric Dolphy Out to Lunch 1964
- Herbie Hancock Empyrean Isles 1964
- Herbie Hancock Maiden Voyage 1965
- Bobby Hutcherson : Dialogue 1965
- John Coltrane Africa / Brass 1961, Ascension 1965
- Sonny Rollins East Broadway Rundown 1966
- Herbie Hancock VSOP , 1977
- Kirk Lightsey Temptation 1987
- Richard Cook , Brian Morton : The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings . 8th edition. Penguin, London 2006, ISBN 0-14-102327-9 .
- Leonard Feather , Ira Gitler : The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. Oxford University Press, New York 1999, ISBN 0-19-532000-X .
- Wolf Kampmann (Ed.), With the assistance of Ekkehard Jost : Reclams Jazzlexikon . Reclam, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-15-010528-5 .
- Obituary in SPIEGEL
- Biography from NEA side
- Freddie Hubbard in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Freddie Hubbard at Discogs (English)
- Hubbard during the blind test in Rondo magazine 2001
- Freddie Hubbard: The Blue Note Years 1960-1965 on danmillerjazz.com
- Joachim-Ernst Berendt, Günther Huesmann: Das Jazzbuch . 2011, p. 322.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hubbard, Frederick Dewayne|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American jazz trumpeter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 7, 1938|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Indianapolis , Indiana|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 29, 2008|
|Place of death||Sherman Oaks , California|