Georg Anton von Rodenstein

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Georg Anton von Rodenstein, contemporary engraving
Rodensteiner coat of arms in Scheibler's coat of arms book .
Long lease contract between the bishop of 1651 and an immigrant from Flanders for a property belonging to the bishopric in Immesheim . Two-year lease freedom and 20-year lease reduction were agreed, the full annual lease amount only had to be paid from 1673. The text begins: "We Geörg Andhon, by God's grace, Bishop to Wormbs Dhompropst to Maintz ..."

Georg Anton von Rodenstein (born September 29, 1579 , † October 30, 1652 in Mainz ) was a noble German cleric and from 1629 to 1652 Prince-Bishop of Worms .

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He came from the Umstadter line of the noble family von Rodenstein and was the son of Georg Otto von Rodenstein and his wife Anna Helena von Oberstein .

Rodenstein received his education from his uncle, the Speyer cathedral dean Andreas von Oberstein , who nominated him in 1594 for a canonical at the Speyer cathedral . Oberstein was a well-known reformer as defined by the Council of Trent .

Georg Anton von Rodenstein studied in Douai , Poitiers , Rome and Siena , in 1610 he was ordained a priest. From 1609 he was canon in Worms , from 1622 custodian of Worms cathedral . In 1612 he received a canon position in Mainz , in 1634 he was dean of the Mainz cathedral , and in 1638 also cathedral provost ; from 1622 he also officiated as dean of the cathedral in Speyer . He also had a canonical as provost at the St. Alban Abbey near Mainz .

In 1629, during the Thirty Years' War , Georg Anton von Rodenstein was elected Bishop of Worms , an office which he was reluctant to take on due to the circumstances of the time and which he held from 1630 to 1652. As early as 1630, the bishop had to flee from the approaching Swedes from Worms and the Catholic pastoral care in the city was maintained by two Capuchins alone . After the return of the chief shepherd in 1635, he rewarded the order with the fact that he settled it permanently in Worms and otherwise sustainably promoted in his sphere of activity. On the occasion of the extraordinary holy year proclaimed for Germany by Pope Urban VIII because of the war, Georg Anton von Rodenstein took part on May 27, 1634, with other shepherds expelled from their dioceses, in a large festival and supplication procession in Cologne . Rodenstein was a dutiful bishop, but because of the warlike times he could only work to a limited extent and had to leave his diocese more often. After the end of the war he supported immigrant Catholics, to whom he often generously deferred the lease on the mostly devastated properties of the Worms bishopric .

The bishop died in Mainz on October 30, 1652 and was buried in the cathedral there. Here he rests in the Boniface Chapel, in front of the altar that he himself donated.

The former Bishop of Worms Philipp I von Rodenstein (1595-1604) was the cousin of his grandfather through the paternal family line (Rodenstein); through the maternal family line (Oberstein), however, his own cousin.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Historical Association for Hesse: Archives for Hessian History and Archeology , Volume 11, Darmstadt 1867, p. 614 f. ( Digitized version )
  2. CGJ von Kamptz: Die Familie von Kamptz , Schwerin 1871, p. 123 ( digitized version )
  3. Bernd Moeller, Bruno Jahn (eds.): German Biographical Encyclopedia of Theology and the Churches (DBETh) , KG Saur Verlag, Munich 2005, p. 1135, ISBN 978-3598116667 ; Digital scan in Google Book Search
  4. Friedrich Prinz, Georg Jenal, Stephanie Haarländer : The present in the past: Contributions to the culture and history of the recent and recent times: Festival for Friedrich Prinz on his 65th birthday . Verlag Oldenbourg, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-486-56036-0 , p. 38. ( excerpt from Google Books )
  5. ^ Website on the history of the Capuchins in Worms
  6. Website on the Capuchin monastery in Mainz, with mention of donations by Bishop von Rodenstein
  7. ^ Friedrich Everhard von Mering , Ludwig Reischert: On the history of the city of Cologne on the Rhine: From its foundation to the present . Volume 3. Cologne 1839, pp. 316–319 ( digitized version )
  8. ^ Karl Anton Schaab : History of the City of Mainz . Volume 2. Mainz 1844, p. 60 ( digitized version )
  9. ^ Historical Association for Hesse: Archives for Hessian history and antiquity . Volume 11. Darmstadt 1867, p. 612 f.
  10. ^ Genealogical website on maternal grandparents
predecessor Office successor
Georg Friedrich von Greiffenclau on Vollrads Bishop of Worms
Hugo Everhard Cratz von Scharfenstein