George Mundelein

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George Cardinal Mundelein (1932)
Cardinal coat of arms

George William Cardinal Mundelein (born July 2, 1872 in Manhattan , New York City , † October 2, 1939 in Mundelein , Illinois ) was Archbishop of Chicago and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church .


His grandfather Mündelein came from Paderborn in Westphalia. He was one of the first to die in the battle for Fort Sumter during the American Civil War .

George Mundelein studied at LaSalle Academy and Manhattan College , where he graduated with honors in 1889. He then entered the St. Vincent Seminary in Latrobe , Pennsylvania and studied at the Pontifical Urban University in Rome, where he received the sacrament of ordination on June 8, 1895 from his diocesan Bishop Charles Edward McDonnell .

On his return to the United States, he worked in the Diocese of Brooklyn and served Bishop McDonnell as secretary until 1897. He was then Chancellor of the diocese until 1909. On 30 June 1909 it appointed Pope Pius X to the titular bishop of Loryma and auxiliary bishop in Brooklyn . He was episcopal ordained by the Bishop of Brooklyn, Charles Edward McDonnell, on September 21 of the same year; Co-consecrators were the Bishop of Buffalo , Charles Henry Colton and the Bishop of Newark , John Joseph O'Connor . On December 9, 1915, he was named third Archbishop of Chicago, Illinois. In the consistory of 1924 Pope Pius XI created it . cardinal with the Roman titular church Santa Maria del Popolo . Mundelein was the first cardinal west of the Allegheny Mountains . He took part in the papal election in Rome in 1939 and died that same year at the age of 67.

Coat of arms and motto

The coat of arms shows the letters AM (Ave Maria) in field 1, field 2 a star (Marien symbol), field 3 three bees, taken from the coat of arms of the Italian noble family Barberini . (In the Barberini Palace in Rome there were facilities of the papal university, where Mundelein studied) Field 4 shows a crown and the word Humilitas (humility as a symbol of the Magnificat ). In this coat of arms, George William Mundelein expresses his attachment to Mary and shows him as a great admirer of Mary.

Standing upright behind the shield is the metropolitan double cross , as well as miter and crook . Above the Galero (purple cardinal hat) with 15 hanging tassels. Below the motto : Dominus adjutor meus .


Mundelein was considered a moderate theologian and was friends with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt , whose New Deal he also supported. He advocated social issues and supported missionary Edward Galvin in his mission and social work in China. In his pastoral work he tried to bring together different ethnic groups in common church congregations. His Paper Hanger speech (an allusion to Hitler's supposedly earlier profession), in which he criticized Adolf Hitler and his followers, became famous . In 1921, Mundelein acquired Sheldon's School in Illinois, which he expanded into a seminary. A women's college was also established there, which in 1991 became part of Loyola University . The place of this school was named from 1924 after the founder Mundelein.

His cousin Franz Mündelein (1856–1927) was a church builder in Paderborn.



  • Edward R. Kantowicz: Corporation sole. Cardinal Mundelien and Chicago Catholicism. University Press, Notre Dame (Illinois) 1983, ISBN 0-268-00738-1 .
  • Paul R. Martin: The fist Cardinal of the West. The story of the church in the Archdiocese of Chicago under the administration of his Eminence George Cardinal Mundelein, third Archbishop of Chicago and first Cardinal of the West. The New World Publ., Chicago 1934.
  • Otmar Allendorf: George W. Mundelein (1872–1939): Cardinal Archbishop of Chicago. In: Off to America! On the emigration to America from the Paderborn region. Volume 1. City of Paderborn. Bonifatius, Paderborn 1994, ISBN 3-87088-841-5 , pp. 107-115.

Web links

predecessor Office successor
James Edward Quigley Archbishop of Chicago
Samuel Stritch