Hans-Joachim Fricke

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Hans-Joachim Fricke (born February 26, 1904 in Hanover ; † September 24, 1974 ) was a German lawyer, Chamber - Syndic of the Hanover Chamber of Commerce and Industry and a politician of the German Party (DP).


Hans-Joachim Fricke was born in Hanover at the time of the German Empire in 1904, but grew up in the Rhineland , where he first attended the secondary school in Aachen and then in Goslar , where he graduated from high school in 1923.

In his youth, Fricke was a member of the Protestant Youth , the Young Conservatives and the Association of German Biblical Groups .

After graduating from high school, Fricke attended a textile school in Cottbus and then completed a commercial apprenticeship in Roßlar .

Fricke then studied law, political science and national sciences at the universities of Halle , Leipzig , Kiel and Göttingen . After graduating with a degree in economics, he obtained his doctorate in 1930 in Göttingen. jur.

During the Weimar Republic, Hans-Joachim completed a traineeship at the Hanover Chamber of Commerce in 1932 and became a scientific assistant in 1934.

In the meantime, Fricke had previously been active as head of the Lower Saxony regional association in the Bund Deutscher Bibelkreise (Evangelical Young Society ), and was deposed by the National Socialists after they came to power in 1933 . In the same year he took over the management of the Lower Saxony Transport Association in Kassel .

During the Second World War, Fricke worked from 1939 to 1945 in Hanover as a transport officer for the economy at the railroad management there . In 1945 he became the first General Counsel of the Chamber of Commerce Hannover . In addition, he later became head of the Lower Saxony-Kassel transport association. V. and Syndic of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Hanover .

After the SPD member of the Bundestag Hermann Stopperich died on January 6, 1952, a by-election was called in the Harz constituency . In this by-election, which took place on March 16, 1952, Fricke was elected to the German Bundestag , to which he belonged from March 22, 1952 until the end of the 1953 legislative period for the German party. Since July 1952 he was a full member of the Economic Policy Committee. After the federal election in 1953 , he resigned from parliament.

After Fricke had been elected deputy chairman of the Lower Saxony Homeland Federation (HBN) since 1952 , he took over its chairmanship more than two decades later in 1973. His idea of home was based on the present and at the same time pointed to the future: Fricke saw home as a concrete environment; With his commitment he decidedly time on the responsibility of each individual for the common environment.

honors and awards


  • The treatment of immaterial values ​​in current tax law , legal and political dissertation 1930 at the University of Göttingen, Göttingen, [1930]
  • Hans-Joachim Fricke, Hans-Joachim Ritzau : The inner-German border and rail traffic , 5th edition supplemented in Part V with corrections and additions, Pürgen: Ritzau, Verlag Zeit und Eisenbahn, 2004, ISBN 978-3-921304-45- 7 and 3-921304-45-8; contents
  • Hans-Joachim Fricke et al. : “Compiègne” and the German railways. Regulations and effects of the armistice of 1918 , in Hans-Joachim Ritzau (ed.), Karl Ottmann : Preussens Eisenbahngeschichte as the basis of traffic management principles also for the present (= Die Eisenbahnszene , Vol. 4), Pürgen: Ritzau, Verlag Zeit und Eisenbahn, 1995, ISBN 978-3-921304-92-1 and ISBN 3-921304-92-X , table of contents


  • Albert Lefèvre: Reconstruction after the Second World War , in ders .: 100 years of Hanover Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Mission and fulfillment. 1866 - 1966 , Wiesbaden: baco - Verlag für Wirtschaftspublizistik H. Bartels KG, printing: H. Osterwald, Hannover, 1966, pp. 155–174
  • Rudolf Klein (Ed.): Lower Saxony Lexicon: everything worth knowing about the state of Lower Saxony , Frankfurt am Main: Umschau-Verlag, 1969, p. 112
  • Heimatland , 1971, pp. 129-133
  • Heimatland , 1974, p. 114
  • Peter Siemens: Hans-Joachim Fricke †. In: New Archive for Lower Saxony: Journal for Urban, Regional and State Development , Ed .: WIG, Scientific Society for Studies in Lower Saxony eV, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 1975, ISSN 0342-1511, p. 91f.
  • Waldemar R. Röhrbein : Fricke, (2), Hans-Joachim. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen : Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 122.
  • Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (eds.), Bruno Jahn (collaborators): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 1: A-M. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , p. 226.
  • Waldemar R. Röhrbein: Fricke, (2), Hans-Joachim. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 192.

Web links

  • Reference files in the Lower Saxony State Archive / Main State Archive hannover


  1. Deviating from this, the city of Lengde is given as the place of birth of Fricke; compare oV : Fricke, Hans Joachim in the database of Niedersächsische Personen (new entry required) of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library - Lower Saxony State Library in the version of July 8, 2015, last accessed on June 15, 2017

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h Waldemar R. Röhrbein: Fricke, (2), Hans-Joachim. In: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon , p. 122