Ignaz Isaak Moscheles , also Ignaz Isack Moscheles (born May 23, 1794 in Prague , Kingdom of Bohemia , † March 10, 1870 in Leipzig , Kingdom of Saxony ) was a Bohemian composer , pianist and music teacher .
Moscheles, the son of Jewish parents, was initially a student of Friedrich Dionys Weber at the Prague Conservatory and later studied composition in Vienna with Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri . In 1824, at the request of his mother , he taught the young Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy , which established a lifelong friendship with the composer. He was friends with his idol Ludwig van Beethoven . After marrying the Protestant Charlotte Embden (1805–1889) in Hamburg in 1825 , he lived and worked in London until 1846. Mainly in the winter months he traveled with his wife on the continent, where he also gave piano concerts.
In 1846, at the invitation of his friend Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, he took over the piano class at the Leipzig Conservatory, founded in 1843 . Throughout his life, Moscheles had a reputation for being one of the most outstanding piano virtuosos in Europe, and as a pedagogue he was of exemplary conscientiousness. He represented the Clementi School and made sure that the hands were kept steady - a style of play that primarily depends on the mobility of the fingers, while avoiding the use of the pedals as much as possible.
Ignaz Moscheles was the father of the painter Felix Moscheles and father-in-law of the painter Margaret Moscheles and the orientalist Georg Rosen (1820-1891) through his daughter Serena Anna Moscheles (1830-1902), also a painter. His grandchildren include Friedrich Rosen , German Foreign Minister in 1921, and the painter Jelka Rosen , wife of the English composer Frederick Delius . His great-grandson, the German diplomat Georg Rosen (1895–1961) , together with the German businessman John Rabe , saved the lives of thousands of Chinese in the Japanese massacre in Nanking in 1937 .
After his death in 1873 a street in Leipzig was named after him.
His piano compositions, such as the Piano Concerto in G minor and the virtuoso Etudes, were greatly admired during his lifetime and are still played today.
- Drei Allegri di Bravura , op.51, 1. La Forza (Strength), 2. La Leggerezza (Lightness), 3. Il Capriccio (The Mood)
- Piano Concerto No. 1, F major, op.45 (1818)
- Piano Concerto No. 2, E flat major, op.56 (1815)
- Piano Concerto No. 3, G minor, op.58 (1820)
- Piano Concerto No. 4, E major, op.64 (no year)
- Piano Concerto No. 5, C major, op.87 (1830)
- Piano Concerto No. 6, B flat major, op.90 (1834) Concert fantastique
- Piano Concerto No. 7, C minor, Op. 93 (1835) Concert pathétique
- Piano Concerto No. 8, D major, op.96 (1838) Concerto pastorale
- Characteristic Studies , op.95, for piano (1836)
- Studies for Pianoforte Op. 70 characteristic clay pieces
- Sextet in E flat major, op.35
- Septet in D major, op.88
- Impromptu martial for Piano in G major on a march from Salieri's opera Palmira, regina di Persia , Op. 65
- Fantaisie heroique in E flat major for piano op.13 (1816), dedicated to Salieri
- Symphony in C major, op.81
- Piano Concerts 1 and 2. Hyperion Records , 1999 (Series: The Romantic Piano Concerto , Vol. 20)
- Piano works. Piano Sonata in D minor, Op. 73; Suite No. 2 op. 71; 7 album leaves for the young op. 33; Legend from Suite No. 3 op. 76; Sarabande from Suite No. 3, Op. 76; Romance op. 57 No. 5; Cavatine from Suite No. 4, Op. 80. Piano: Alexandra Oehler. cpo 2008.
- Charlotte Moscheles (ed.): From Moscheles' life: after letters and diaries . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1872/73 ( digitized version )
- Letters from Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy to Ignaz and Charlotte Moscheles . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888 ( digitized version )
- Th. Antonicek: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 6, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1975, ISBN 3-7001-0128-7 , p. 382 f. (Direct links on , ). In:
- Robert Eitner : Moscheles, Ignaz . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1885, pp. 345-351.
- Emil F. Smidak: Issak-Ignaz Moscheles. The life of the composer and his encounters with Beethoven, Liszt, Chopin, Mendelssohn. J & V Edition, Vienna 1989, ISBN 3-85058-022-9
- Matthias Wiegandt: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , p. 165 f. ( ). In:
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Moscheles, Ignaz . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 19th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1868, pp. 116–125 ( digitized version ).
- Literature and other media by and about Ignaz Moscheles in the catalog of the National Library of the Czech Republic
- Works by and about Ignaz Moscheles in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Ignaz Moscheles in the German Digital Library
- www.kreusch-sheet-music.net - Notes from the public domain by Ignaz Moscheles
- www.moscheles.org (in English)
- Biography, detailed list of works and picture (article in English)
- Image by Ignaz Moscheles
- Sheet music and audio files by Ignaz Moscheles in the International Music Score Library Project
- Correspondence between Ignaz Moscheles and Louis Spohr
- Clive Unger-Hamilton, Neil Fairbairn, Derek Walters; German arrangement: Christian Barth, Holger Fliessbach, Horst Leuchtmann, et al .: The music - 1000 years of illustrated music history . Unipart-Verlag, Stuttgart 1983, ISBN 3-8122-0132-1 , p. 109 .
- Cornelia Bartsch: Lea Mendelssohn , biography in MUGI - Music and Gender on the Internet , project of the University of Music and Theater Hamburg on hfmt-hamburg.de, status: 2008, seen on January 21, 2019
- Cf. Gregor Pelger: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , p. 51 f. ( ). In:
- Audio samples , www.hyperion-records.co.uk
- audio samples
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Moscheles, Ignaz Isaak (full name); Moscheles, Ignaz Isack (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Bohemian composer, pianist and music teacher|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 23, 1794|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Prague , Kingdom of Bohemia|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 10, 1870|
|Place of death||Leipzig , Kingdom of Saxony|