Karl Stahlin

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Karl Stählin (sometimes as Carl Stählin or Karl August Staehlin ; born January 21, 1865 in Breitenau , † August 29, 1939 in Berlin ) was a German historian who specialized in Eastern Europe and Russian history .


The Lutheran pastor's son joined the 5th Infantry Regiment "Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig von Hessen" of the Bavarian Army as a one-year volunteer after attending the St. Anna grammar school in Augsburg in 1883 . As a lieutenant , Stählin graduated from the War Academy from 1890 to 1893 , which gave him the qualification for the general staff and the subject (tactics, military geography). In the following year he was promoted to first lieutenant and became adjutant of the Bamberg district command . In 1896 he was assigned to the Central Office of the General Staff. Stählin took a leave of absence shortly afterwards, studied history at the University of Leipzig and graduated in 1902 with a doctorate. phil. from. In the meantime, Stählin had been retired from military service in 1899. After studying archives in Great Britain, he completed his habilitation in 1905 at the Philosophical Faculty of Heidelberg University for Medieval and Modern History, which resulted in his second book on Francis Walsingham , published in 1908 . After his time as a private lecturer and from 1910 associate professor in Heidelberg, he received his first appointment in 1914:

“In 1914, on the advice of his teacher [di Erich Marcks ] and his friend Friedrich Meinecke , who in turn advised their friend Walter Goetz in Strasbourg, Stählin succeeded his teacher's colleague from the Baumgartenschule Wilhelm Wiegand in Strasbourg . 6 years later, after the loss of the Strasbourg University, he was again appointed to Berlin on the initiative of Ms. Meineckes in particular : to the chair of Eastern European History , although Stählin had only marginally dealt with this area of ​​historical research. "

- Wolfgang Weber , 1984

With the outbreak of the First World War , Stählin was reactivated for military service, deployed as adjutant of the 2nd battalion in the 5th Landwehr Infantry Regiment and shortly thereafter promoted to captain . In 1916 he was transferred to the AOK Falkenhausen as third adjutant until he was dismissed in 1917.

He held his last chair in Berlin until 1933. Among his students is the Eastern European historian Fritz T. Epstein , who received his doctorate from Stählin in 1924 .

Stählin wrote a broad history of Russia from its beginnings to the present and, with the help of Karl Weyer , translated Ivan the Terrible's correspondence with Prince Kurbsky from 1564 to 1579 from Old Russian .


  • The battle for Scotland and Sir Francis Walsingham's legation trip in 1583. Teubner, Leipzig 1902 (dissertation, University of Leipzig).
  • The Walsinghams until the mid-16th century. Hörning, Heidelberg 1905. Digitized
  • Sir Francis Walsingham and his time. Winter, Heidelberg 1908.
  • The external and internal problem in British India today: Lecture. Winter, Heidelberg 1908.
  • The Franco-German War 1870/71. Winter, Heidelberg 1912.
  • About Russia, Russian art and the great poet of the Russian earth [= Tolstoy]. Winter, Heidelberg 1913.
  • World history of the last generation. Winter, Heidelberg 1917
  • Political and cultural history of Alsace-Lorraine. In: Karl Strupp (ed.): Our right to Alsace-Lorraine: A compilation. Duncker & Humblot, Munich 1918
  • Personalities and Reform Movements in the Age of the First Romanovs. Schroeder, Bonn 1919.
  • Jacob v. Steel woman. Historia, Leipzig 1920.
  • History of Alsace-Lorraine. Oldenbourg, Munich 1920.
  • The correspondence of Ivan the Terrible with Prince Kurbsky (1564–1579) (= sources and essays on Russian history . Vol. 3). Introduced and translated from Old Russian with the assistance of Karl Weyer . Historia-Verlag Paul Schraepler, Leipzig 1921.
  • History of Russia from the beginning to the present. 4 volumes. Ost-Europa-Verlag, Berlin 1923–1939.
  • From the papers of Jacob von Stählins: A biographical contribution to the German-Russian cultural history of the 18th century. Ost-Europa-Verlag, Koenigsberg 1926.
  • Was the prisoner of Shlisselburg killed in 1764 the Russian ex-emperor Ivan VI? A historical-critical investigation (= sources and essays on Russian history . Vol. 6). Ost-Europa-Verlag, Koenigsberg 1927
  • ed. with Arthur Luther : Alexander Puschkin in his letters (= sources and essays on Russian history . Vol. 7). Ost-Europa-Verlag, Koenigsberg 1927.
  • Russian Turkestan yesterday and today (= sources and essays on Russian history . Vol. 12). Ost-Europa-Verlag, Koenigsberg 1935


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Othmar Hackl: The Bavarian War Academy (1867-1914). CH Beck´sche publishing house bookstore. Munich 1989. ISBN 3-406-10490-8 . P. 580.
  2. Wolfgang Weber: Priest of the Klio. Historical and social science studies on the origins and careers of German historians and on the history of historical science 1800–1970 . Lang, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 1984, p. 254.