The monastery Hecklingen was a convent in Hecklingen in Saxony-Anhalt . Today it belongs to the Romanesque Road .
Around 1070 a Benedictine abbey was founded in Kakelingen (today the desert near Hecklingen) . Donors were the Lords of Kakelingen. The first nuns came from the Gerbstedt monastery . Ermengard (Irmengard) von Kakelingen became the first abbess . The monastery became the family burial place of the Lords of Kakelingen, later the Counts of Plötzkau and the Konradsburgs .
Since 1147 it belonged to a bailiwick of the Ascanians . Construction of the basilica began between 1150 and 1176 . At the end of the 13th century the Benedictine nuns adopted the Augustine Rule , making the monastery an Augustinian choir monastery . In 1305 the Halberstadt bishop provided the monastery with income from Köchstedt in addition to the already existing income. After 1319 the bailiwick rights went to the princes of Anhalt . In 1496 a fire destroyed parts of the monastery, but not the church.
1559 converted the Abbess Barbara shield the Lutheran Confessions. The monastery was secularized and converted into a manor and later expanded into a castle , which held the manorial power over the place. Twelve years later, the von Trotha family bought the entire property. The Protestant parish church of Hecklingen was formed from the monastery church.
Today it is also used for concerts.
The former church of the monastery is one of the most important sacred buildings in the Harz region and impresses with its Romanesque stucco sculpture of European standing.
The church consecrated to Saints George and Pankratius is a three-aisled Romanesque basilica with a Rhenish column change (column-pillar-column) and presents the square scheme in a textbook way .
The Angel cycle, dated 1225/30, is recognized as the climax of Saxon Byzantinism . The fourteen angel figures attached to the nave arcades are approx. 1.25 m high and can be interpreted as an apocalyptic angel choir with luras (the 4 corner figures) or ribbons. Also worth seeing are 5 donor heads from the 12th century, some combatant reliefs, filigree capitals and ornaments under the galleries from 1240/50 as well as a nearly 10 meter high Renaissance epitaph made of sandstone.
In the middle of the 19th century, the historical rank of the structure and sculptures of the Hecklinger basilica came to the fore, so that from 1878 to 1883 a general restoration could take place in accordance with the contemporary taste of historicism . The double tower facade was completed in the years 1886–1889 .
Extensive renovation work was carried out from 1992 to 1996, essentially to restore the neo-Romanesque room layout. In 2000/2001 the angel restoration was refreshed.
- ^ L Puttrich: Monuments of the architecture of the Middle Ages in Saxony. First Division First Volume 1835, p. 51f
- ^ Otto von Heinemann : Codex diplomaticus Anhaltinus . Volume 3, 1877, p. 77
- ^ Heinrich Lindner: History and Description of the State of Anhalt 1833 P. 431
- Franz Kowolik: The old Hecklingen and its St. Georg monastery church , Oschersleben 1994
- Gudrun Millsimmer, Christfried Kulosa: The Hecklingen Monastery Church (art guide) , Passau 1999
- Christfried Kulosa (Ed.): The Hecklinger Basilica 1883–2008, commemorative publication on the occasion of 125 years of general restoration , Berlin 2008
Coordinates: 51 ° 50 ′ 47.7 ″ N , 11 ° 32 ′ 1 ″ E