Kurzbach (noble family)

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Kurzbach coat of arms Hdb.png

The Kurzbach are an ancient German-Silesian family that shares ancestors with the von Seydlitz family . The name of the old headquarters, a former castle on the Rhine ( Eastern Franconia ), became the family name ( corzybog: Kurzbach).


With Sigismund I, the Kurzbach came to Silesia around 1200 as part of the German settlement in the east . Petrus and Arnold Kurzbach appear as ministerials in Breslau documents from 1292 and 1294. Hans and Peter Kurzbach took part in the Battle of Tannenberg in 1410 . Hans Kurzbach succeeded in capturing Prince Casimir of Stettin, with which he gained great fame and consolidated his influence among the Jagiellonians . Peter, heir of Witkowo , was King Wladislaw's ambassador , signed the Peace of Brest in 1436 and is said to be the ancestor of Freiherrn Kurzbach von Seydlitz, now von Seydlitz-Kurzbach.

Around 1500 there lived three well-known Kurzbach: Sigismund III. von Witkowo, son of Peter, as the founder of the Trachenberg lineage, his nephew Johannes was cathedral dean of Gniezno and canon in Cracow († August 1578), his brother Petrus canon in Wladislaw.

The barons Kurzbach in Militsch and Trachenberg

Sigismund III. (* 1440; † November 27, 1513 in Buda, ∞ Dorothea Countess von Helfenstein ) is the founder of the Militsch-Trachenberger line. He was king Ladislaus II. Chamberlain , and later council and commander in Buda and was in the 1493 Empire baron charged. In 1492 he received the rule of Trachenberg (with Prausnitz ) from his king , and in 1494 also Militsch , which thus became a free class rule in Silesia. In 1512 this reached its greatest extent with the acquisition of Winzig, Herrnstadt and Rützen.

His grandson Sigismund IV (* 1547, † December 31, 1579 in Lingen, ∞ Helena, a daughter of Duke Friedrich III. Of Liegnitz ) became famous as a war hero. The Protestant landlord conquered the province of Overijssel as a Dutch general for the Union of Utrecht in the Dutch War of Independence in 1579 .

His cousin Heinrich II († November 22, 1590, ∞ Eva von Wartenberg ), imperial councilor, inherited Militsch from him, but had already been accepted into the Bohemian gentry in 1567 and with the lords of Helfenburg , Ronburg with Drum , Lämberg , Rabí Castle and Woltarik richly wealthy. Heinrich II. Kurzbach was also the Bohemian Oberstmünzmeister from 1576 .

Heinrich's brother Wilhelm Kurzbach (* 1525 - † February 1, 1567), President of the Chamber in Silesia, was repeatedly commissioned as special envoy by Maximilian II, together with Bishop Andreas Dudith , to resolve the marital dispute between King Sigismund II August of Poland and his wife Katharina , in order to avoid alienation between Poland and Austria. However, the marriage remained childless, Katharina returned to Linz, and the Habsburg family's marriage policy had failed.

In this political turmoil, the Silesian possessions of the Kurzbach family got into ongoing border feuds with Poland. Mr. Because of the constant threat, Wilhelm Kurzbach felt compelled to keep 100 riders and around 400 foot soldiers. That cost him a considerable sum, and when Wilhelm's son Heinrich III. (* March 20, 1555; † March 22, 1618, ∞ Katharina von Lobkowitz ) took over the inheritance, the rule was already overloaded with debts. Finally, Heinrich III stayed. Kurzbach only left to sell the Trachenberg rulership in 1592 (confirmed by the emperor in 1593) to Adam von Schaffgotsch .

In his will, Heinrich II bequeathed all of his possessions to his granddaughter Eva von Lobkowitz, who ceded them to her husband Joachim von Maltzan on April 4, 1591 .

Contrary to some information, the Trachenberg line did not go out in 1618, but flourished with Heinrich III. Son Ladislaus Julius Eusebius († 1642 in Saidschitz ) and his descendants continued in Bohemia into the 18th century.

Other lines

In Upper Silesia, a well-known line of barons von Kurzbach flourished with Uladislaus von Kurzbach- Zawadzki , who died in 1656 as a court advisor to Kurbrandenburg . Hedwig von Kurzbach-Zawadzki (∞ Johann Georg von Schlichting) is named as the city founder of Schlichtingsheim .

The Counts of Korzbok-Łącki (also: Lonski / Loncki), who later resided in Poland, can be traced back to a line of the Kurzbach in Posen .

The von Korzbok Lonski (also: Łącki / Loncki) who lived in West Prussia and Pomerania probably also belong to the Poznań line of the Kurzbach.

coat of arms

The coat of arms shows three silver fish lying on top of each other in black . On the helmet with black and silver helmet covers a silver tucked black Tatar hat , covered with a wreath of alternating red and silver roses on the left, decorated with five alternating silver and red ostrich feathers on top .


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