The Leinertbrücke is a tram and light rail bridge over the Ihme in Hanover . It connects the districts of Calenberger Neustadt , Linden-Mitte and Linden-Nord . The history of the bridge in the extension of Königsworther Straße and in the course of Spinnereistraße goes back to the second oldest traffic route between Hanover and Linden, built in the 19th century.
First bridge (1890)
After for centuries the only bridge over the Ihme between Hanover and Linden was only the Ihmebrücke am Schwarzen Bären, the Glockseebrücke (after the nearby industrial city of Linden) was built from 1888 and 1889 to 1890 in the course of the industrialization and urban expansion of Hanover during the founding period with the then independent industrial city of Linden Glocksee settlement ). It was built at the same time as Lindener Straße , which was laid out from Königsworther Platz in 1889 and was then renamed Königsworther Straße from 1905 .
The Glockseebrücke was later also called the Spinnereibrücke because it extended into the Spinnereistraße , also laid out in 1889 , on which the Hanoverian cotton spinning and weaving mill was located.
Having already during the Weimar Republic , the first Nazis were formed and the SA had announced a march to Linden, blocked resisters from the traditional social democratic workers - stronghold Linden at least temporarily both Ihmebrücken.
Second bridge (1963)
In June 1962, construction of a new bridge began to replace the spinning bridge, as the old one was no longer sufficient for the increasing traffic caused by automobiles and also did not fit into the concept of a car-friendly city at the time . When designing the new building, the planned flood protection on both sides of the Ihme was already taken into account after the experience of the flood disaster of 1946 . At the same time, the new bridge was built three lanes wider than the old spinning bridge . It is a three-span prestressed concrete bridge with a total length of 107.20 m, whereby the middle span has a span of 54 m. The width is 31.14 m. The Hanover Stadtbahn received separate tracks.
After completion, the new Ihmebrücke was given its current name in 1963 after the deceased mayor of Hanover Robert Leinert (1873-1940), who "[...] played a major role" in the unification of the two cities , which was also politically completed on January 1, 1920 Hanover and Linden had.
In 2008, the later mayor Thomas Hermann complained that many people could hardly "[...] remember the first democratic mayor of Hanover ". He therefore suggested explanatory "[...] legend signs or information boards" on the Leinert Bridge.
In March 2019 it was announced that the bridge would be renovated.
- Horst Bohne: New construction of the Leinert Bridge with a historical photograph from the 1960s on the stadtteilgeschichten.net website
- old and new Leinertbrücke and thermal power station under construction at www.enercity.de
- Both in Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon as well as in the City Lexicon of Hanover , under the heading Leinert, Robert, an incorporation of Linden into Hanover is mentioned. In fact, according to the wishes of Linden's politicians, which had been expressed for years, it was a matter of a contractual unification of the two independent cities, which had previously been rejected in particular by the former city director Heinrich Tramm ; compare, for example, Klaus Mlynek: Urban expansion and development - incorporations , in Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (Ed.): History of the City of Hanover , Vol. 2: From the beginning of the 19th century to the present , Hanover: Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1994, ISBN 3-87706-364-0 , here mainly p. 485; Preview over google books
- Helmut Knocke : Bridges. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 87; Preview over google books
- Helmut Zimmermann : Spinnereistraße , in ders .: The street names of the state capital Hanover. Verlag Hahnsche Buchhandlung, Hannover 1992, ISBN 3-7752-6120-6 , p. 232
- Helmut Zimmermann: Leinertbrücke , in which: The street names of the state capital ... , p. 157
- Helmut Knocke: Him bridge. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 314
- Klaus Mlynek : Linden. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 406ff.
- Georg Barke : progress 1960 - 1964. Hanover - 4 years council work , ed. from the state capital Hanover, Hanover: Steinbock Verlag, p. 47f .; Preview over google books
- Helmut Zimmermann: Königsworther Straße , in which: The street names of the state capital ... , p. 146
- Irene Huebner (Ed.): Our resistance. German women and men report on their struggle against the Nazis , Frankfurt am Main: Röderberg-Verlag, 1982, ISBN 3-87682-748-5 , p. 13; Preview over google books
- Klaus Mlynek: Leinert, Robert. In: Dirk Böttcher, Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 229.
- NN : Legend signs for the Robert-Leinert-Brücke , with a quote from Mayor Thomas Hermann on the website of the SPD - Council group Hanover from November 18, 2008, last accessed on October 2, 2016
- Conrad von Meding: Leinertbrücke needs to be renovated. In: Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung of March 21, 2019, p. 20
- Conrad von Meding: Renovation of the bridge at the Ihme-Zentrum: Is Linden threatened with traffic chaos? In: www.haz.de. March 24, 2019, accessed April 17, 2020 (with video).