Lothar Bucher

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Lothar Bucher

Adolf Lothar Bucher (born October 25, 1817 in Neustettin ; † October 12, 1892 in Glion ( Switzerland )) was a Prussian civil servant, journalist and politician. During the revolution of 1848/49 he was on the side of the left, temporarily rose to be a widely read journalist in exile and later became a close confidante of Otto von Bismarck .

Live and act

Bucher was the son of the grammar school teacher and author of geographic writings August Leopold Bucher. He studied law in Berlin . From 1838 he was employed at the Higher Regional Court in Köslin . In 1843 Bucher became an assessor at the city and regional court in Stolp .

In 1848 he was elected to the Prussian National Assembly. He was close to the left there and supported the tax refusal decision in protest against the counter-revolution. In 1849 he was elected to the second chamber of the Prussian state parliament. There he played a leading role in the lifting of the state of siege , which then led to the dissolution of the chamber. Bucher was sentenced to fifteen months of imprisonment and the loss of all offices for supporting the tax refusal order .

To avoid imprisonment, he went into exile in London in 1850 . There he worked as a journalist. Among other things, he worked as a correspondent for the national newspaper. During his time in London, Bucher wrote over 3,000 correspondence reports for the newspaper and became one of the most sought-after journalists for the paper, which was also read by Frederick William IV and political opponents. In particular, his reports on the World's Fair of 1851 were very successful. In a book "Parliamentarism as it is" in 1855, he criticized British parliamentarism. The mandate of the MPs is increasingly dedicated to representing their own interests. The criticism was also directed indirectly against the political opposition in Germany, which was partly based on the British model. In the years that followed, Bucher's journalistic star began to decline.

Lothar Bucher in 1892, drawn by CW Allers .

In 1861 an amnesty made it possible for Bucher to return to Germany. There he first worked in Wolff's telegraph office . His criticism of the founding of the national association led to alienation from the democratic movement. However, he was in close contact with Ferdinand Lassalle . Although Bucher and Lassalle had little in common politically, Bucher was the editor of some of Lassalle's writings. This also made him one of his executors and left him a pension.

In 1864 Bismarck brought him to the Prussian Foreign Ministry. There he rose to the lecturing council until 1866 . Bucher became one of Bismarck's closest confidants. In 1866, based on preliminary drafts by Maximilian Duncker , Karl Friedrich von Savigny and Robert Hepke , he prepared the template for the Prussian Council of Ministers for the organization and constitution of the North German Confederation . In the run-up to the Franco-Prussian War , when a Hohenzollern candidate for the Spanish throne was pending, Bucher was on a diplomatic mission in Madrid . Bismarck dictated the reworked Emser dispatch to him . After the French declaration of war, Bucher was satisfied with the success of Bismarck's policies, which made France appear as the real aggressor.

After the founding of the Reich , Bucher was appointed to the Real Secret Legation Councilor and Lecturing Council in the Foreign Office of the Reich. Until the late 1870s he was one of Bismarck's closest circle. Bucher was also involved in the Berlin Congress and is said to have delivered a draft for the planned Socialist Act in 1878 .

In 1886 he retired. After Bismarck's dismissal in 1890, Bucher was his personal advisor. Bucher played a key role in Bismarck's autobiography, Thoughts and Memories .


In the Bismarckviertel in the Berlin district of Steglitz , a street has been named after him since 1908.


  • Cultural-historical sketches from the industrial exhibition of all peoples . Frankfurt a. M. 1851
  • Parliamentarism as it is . Berlin 1855
  • Images from abroad. drawn for the homeland. Vol. 1 On the way . Berlin 1862
  • Images from abroad. drawn for the homeland. Vol. 2 The London Industrial Exhibition . Berlin 1863
  • Prussia's old law to Schleswig-Holstein . Berlin 1865
  • What else? A German program . In: Carl Rodbertus-Jagetzow : Small writings . Berlin 1890, p. 316 ff.
  • Small writings of political content , Stuttgart 1893


  • Heinrich von Poschinger : A forty-eight. Lothar Bucher's life and works . 3 vol., Berlin 1890-1894
  • Carl Zaddach: Lothar Bucher and the situation in Western Pomerania from 1843-1848 . Inaugural dissertation to obtain a doctorate from a high philosophical faculty at the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg. Heidelberg 1913
  • Carl Zaddach: Lothar Bucher until the end of his exile in London (1817–1861) . In: Heidelberg Treatises on Middle and Modern History . Issue 47, Heidelberg 1915
  • Rudolf Ibbeken: Lothar Bucher . In: Pomerania of the 19th and 20th centuries . Vol. 2, Stettin 1936
  • Ludwig Krieger: Lothar Bucher, "Bismarck's right hand". Contributions to the parliamentary history of its epoch, parts I to XIII. In: Neue Stenographische Praxis 4 (1956) pp. 37–53, 90–97, 121–125; 5 (1957) pp. 18-23, 59-62, 119-124; 6 (1958) pp. 22-28, 46-53, 66-72; 7 (1959) pp. 66-76, 127-132; 8 (1960) pp. 13-18 , 44-55, 104-115.
  • Fritz Gebauer: Lothar Bucher. from tax refuser to Bismarck's employee . Academy of Sciences of the GDR. Central Institute for History, Berlin 1988 (Studies on History, Vol. 11)
  • Michael Hettinger (ed.): Eyewitness reports of the German revolution 1848/49: A Prussian judge as a champion of democracy . Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1996, ISBN 3-534-12756-0 , p. 324
  • Heinrich Otto MeisnerBucher, Adolf Lothar. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 698 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Heinrich von Poschinger:  Bucher, Lothar . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 47, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1903, pp. 316-320.
  • Christoph Studt : Lothar Bucher (1817-1892). A political life between revolution and civil service . Göttingen 1992, ISBN 3-525-35949-7 (Diss. Phil. Bonn).
  • Hans-Ulrich Wehler : German history of society. Vol. 3: From the German double revolution to the beginning of the First World War. 1849-1914 . Munich 1995, ISBN 3-406-32490-8 . P. 302, p. 322
  • Bucher, Lothar . In: Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon 1894–1896, Volume 3, p. 668.
  • Babette Hesse: Bismarck's silent servant. From the life of the revolutionary and Secret Legation Councilor Lothar Bucher . In: Berliner Zeitung , March 13, 1999

Web links

Commons : Lothar Bucher  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Lothar Bucher  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Lothar-Bucher-Strasse. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near  Kaupert )