|Município de Marília
|Location of the municipality in the state of São Paulo|
"Símbolo de amor e liberdade"
symbol of love and freedom
|founding||4th April 1929 (age 91)|
|density||185.2 Ew. / km²|
|estimate||238,882 (July 1, 2019)|
|Parish code||IBGE : 3529005|
|Telephone code||(+55) 14|
|Time zone||UTC −3|
|Website||www.marilia.sp (Brazilian Portuguese)|
|City Prefect||Daniel Alonso (2017-2020)|
|Patron saint||Benedict of Nursia|
|GDP||7,353,419 thousand R $
31,473 R $ per person
|HDI||0.798 (high) (2010)|
Marília , officially Portuguese Município de Marília , is a city in the Brazilian state of São Paulo . It is located 376 kilometers as the crow flies from the capital of the state at an altitude of 650 meters above sea level. In 2019, the city had an estimated population of 238,882 people, who live in a community area of around 1170.5 km² and are called Marilienser ( marilienses ).
The geological Marília formation is named after the toponym .
The pioneers in this region were Antônio Pereira da Silva and his son José Pereira da Silva, who in 1923 bought lands on the banks of the Rio Feio and Rio Peixe rivers and named the region Alto Cafezal .
In 1926 , Bento de Abreu Sampaio Vidal, originally from São Carlos , bought a large piece of land and began to parcel it out.
When the Companhia Paulista de Estradas de Ferro railway company expanded its line from Piratininga to Lácio , a name had to be found for this area that began with M because it was the railway company's policy to name the individual distances between the lines according to the alphabet. Some names such as "Marathona", "Moguncio", or "Macau" were suggested, but Bento de Abreu was not satisfied with any of these names. After reading the book Marília de Dirceu by Tomás Antônio Gonzaga on one of his trips to Europe on the ship , he decided on the name Marília.
Marília was raised to the category municipality on December 24, 1926. The official justification was then carried out on April 4, 1929, which is the date on which the anniversary of the community is celebrated today. Marília is therefore one of the younger parishes by Brazilian standards.
At the beginning, the economy of Marília was based on the cultivation of coffee , which was later gradually replaced by cotton cultivation . It is also thanks to cotton cultivation that the first two factories, oil factories, were built in the municipality in 1934 and 1935. With the simultaneous economic development of the interior of the state of São Paulo, the need for transport increased, which led to the fact that the region of Marília was connected by rail and road with the other regions of the state and with the north of Paraná .
In the 1940s, Marília became one of the centers of economic development in the west of São Paulo, which was associated with a great growth in population and urban area.
In the 1970s there was a further economic boom, when mainly food and metal processing industries settled in Marília. A little later, some higher education institutions were set up in Marília, which gave the city a large number of young, well-educated people, which continued to contribute to the growth of the economy.
On October 5, 1971, the last meteorite impact recorded in the state of São Paulo so far occurred: At around 5 p.m., a meteorite weighing around 2.5 kg hit the city.
Marília lies entirely on the western foothills of the Serra dos Agudos , a mountain range that runs through the city from east to west. The foothills of this serra are characterized by sandstone slopes covered by vegetation. Otherwise the region is characterized by steppes and Krummholz zones. Important rivers in the Marília area are the Rio do Peixe and the Rio Aguapei .
The climate of Marília is subtropical, with an average annual temperature of 19.9 ° C, the average rainfall is 1291 mm per year.
As required by the Brazilian constitution, the executive power is exercised by the mayor ( Prefeito ) and his Gabinete de Secretários . This office is currently held by the university professor Mário Bulgarelli , who is a member of the PDT . The legislature lies with the City Council ( Câmara Municipal ), which currently consists of 13 members. He is responsible for tasks such as drafting bills and the budget.
The population of Marília in 2007 was estimated at 218,113 people, of which 189,719 were urban residents. This corresponds to a population density of 186.42 inhabitants per square kilometer. Life expectancy is 74.37 years.
Marília is, next to Londrina, one of the places with the highest concentration of Japanese-born Brazilians in the interior of Brazil. This part of the population has organized itself in the so-called Nikey Clube in order to preserve Japanese traditions and customs. You have founded a successful baseball team and hold the Japan Fest every April , where the public is offered attractions such as exhibitions, demonstrations, culinary delights and beauty pageants.
The residents of Italian origin, who are also numerous in Marília, also organize festivals every year, namely the Festa de Santo Antônio and the Festa italiana .
The Aeroporto de Marília has an asphalt runway and offers some regional flight connections.
The dominant branch of the economy in Marília is the food industry, which has given the city the nickname Capital Nacional do Alimento , or National Food Capital . Among the numerous companies active in this sector is Marilan , one of the leading Brazilian food manufacturers, which was founded in Marília and has its headquarters there to this day.
Marília is a regional leader in medical education thanks to the presence of the Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (FAMEMA). There are also higher educational institutions in the technical field.
Public institutions are:
- Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (FAMEMA)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP)
- Faculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC)
Private institutions are:
- Universidade de Marília - UNIMAR
- Fundação de Ensino Eurípedes Soares da Rocha - UNIVEM
- Faculdade João Paulo II ( FAJOPA )
- Faculdade de Ensino Superior do Interior Paulista (FAIP)
Diocese of Marília
- The diocese of Marília , established in 1952, has its seat in the city. The episcopal church is the Catedral de São Bento .
Marília is the hometown of the Marília Atlético Clube football club , which currently plays in the A1 league of the São Paulo state championship and in the B league of the Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol . With Guilherme , a resident of Marília has already made it into the Brazilian national team .
sons and daughters of the town
- Tetsuo Okamoto (1932-2007), swimmer, Brazil's first Olympic medalist
- Sérgio Ricardo (* 1932), director, actor and musician
- José Carlos Seixas (* 1937), doctor and politician, 1996 Minister of Health under Fernando Henrique Cardoso
- Jurandir de Freitas (1940–1996), football player, world champion 1962
- Jorge Antônio Putinatti (* 1959), football player
- Márcio Rossini (* 1960), soccer player, South American champion 1983
- Osmar dos Santos (* 1968), track and field athlete
- Guilherme de Cássio Alves (* 1974), football player
- Renato Seabra (* 1978), racing cyclist
- Osmar Aparecido de Azevedo (* 1980), football player
- João Marcos Alves Ferreira (* 1981), football player
- William Alves (born 1987), football player
- Wellington da Silva de Souza (* 1987), football player
- Lucas Lima (* 1990), football player
- Augusto de Oliveira (* 1990), pole vaulter
- Ronieli Gomes dos Santos (born 1991), football player
- João Vítor de Oliveira (* 1992), track and field athlete
- Thiago Braz da Silva (* 1993), pole vaulter
- City Prefecture website , Prefeitura Municipal (Brazilian Portuguese)
- City Council website , Câmara Municipal (Brazilian Portuguese)
- Marília climate: average temperature, weather by month, Marília weather averages. In: de.climate-data.org. Retrieved October 28, 2019 .
- Marília - Panorama. In: cidades.ibge.gov.br. IBGE , accessed October 28, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Daniel Alonso 45 (Prefeito). In: todapolitica.com. Eleições 2016, accessed October 28, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).