Neuses (open court)

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Community Freigericht
Coordinates: 50 ° 7 ′ 41 ″  N , 9 ° 8 ′ 20 ″  E
Height : 174  (169-196)  m
Residents : 2506  (Jul 30, 2019)
Incorporation : January 1, 1970
Postal code : 63579
Area code : 06055
View of Neuses
View of Neuses

Neuses is a district of the municipality of Freigericht in the Main-Kinzig district in Hesse . The hamlet of Hüttelngesäß belongs to Neuses .

Geographical location

Neuses is located in the Spessart am Hasselbach nature park at an altitude of 175 m above sea ​​level , 9 km southwest of Gelnhausen, directly on the border with Bavaria .

View of Neuses and the open court from the observation tower on the Rodfeld


middle Ages

The oldest surviving mention of Neuses comes from the time around 1000. At that time, a "Gozmar de Nyuusaze" (Gozmar from Nyuusaze) was listed in the interest register of the Seligenstadt monastery , who owed the monastery 2 denarii. The village belonged to the Somborn court , which in turn was part of the Alzenau free court . This was directly imperial , but the empire pledged or forgave the area again and again. Sun changed the rulers, including the men's and later Counts of Hanau , the lords of Randenburg , the Lords of Eppstein counted and Kurmainz.

The 15th century chapel is under the patronage of St. Wendelin . The parish was parish to Somborn , later a branch parish of Somborn.

Place name

Medieval spellings of the place name were:

  • Nyuusaze (around 1000)
  • Nuwisezin (1225)
  • Nuseze (1267)
  • Naugesess (1331)
  • Neusesz (1332)
  • Nuweseze (1357)
  • Nuesze (1369)

Early modern age

In 1500 the elector-archbishop of Mainz and the counts of Hanau-Münzenberg received the free court and thus also Neuses together as a fief . It was now ruled as a condominate . Since ecclesiastical jurisdiction remained with the Archbishops of Mainz at the time of the condominium , the Reformation - in contrast to the County of Hanau-Münzenberg - could not prevail here. Neuses remained Roman Catholic .

In 1740, the condominium was dissolved in a real division with a contract, the " partification recess ". Neuses fell to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel , which had inherited the Counts of Hanau in 1736. The village has now been assigned to their office in Altenhaßlau .

Modern times

In 1803 the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to the status of the Electorate of Hesse . During the Napoleonic period, the Altenhaßlau office was initially under French military administration from 1806, belonged to the Principality of Hanau from 1807–1810 and then from 1810 to 1813 to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt , Department of Hanau . Then it fell back to the Electorate of Hesse. After the administrative reform of the Electorate of Hesse in 1821, by which the Electorate of Hesse was divided into four provinces and 22 districts, the office of Altenhaßlau became part of the newly formed Gelnhausen district . With the annexation of Kurhessen by the Kingdom of Prussia after the lost war of 1866 , Neuses also became Prussian.

In 1898 the new parish church of St. Wendelin was built and furnished in neo-Gothic style. Adolf Amberg painted the interior and the baptistery with leaves; The painting was destroyed by damage to the masonry and has not been preserved.

For January 1, 1970 Neuses was in the course of administrative reform in Hesse on a voluntary basis with other communities to the new community Freigericht together . At the same time, the Gelnhausen district became part of the Main-Kinzig district.


  • 1598: 0.015 households
  • 1632: 0.010 conscripts
  • 1753: 0.037 households
  • 1895: 0.761 inhabitants
  • 1939: 1,381 inhabitants
  • 1961: 1,938 inhabitants
  • 1970: 2,185 inhabitants


After the independent municipalities merged to form the municipality of Freigericht in 1970, the individual municipal councils were dissolved and replaced by local advisory boards. The local advisory boards in the individual districts are to be heard in all important decisions that affect the respective district and have the right to make suggestions. The members of the local councils elect a local mayor from among their number as the chairman of the local council . The local councils will be dissolved at the end of the municipal electoral period in 2021.

Parties and constituencies 2016 2011 2006 2001 1997
Seats Seats Seats Seats Seats
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 1 2 3 3 3
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 2 1 1 1 1
UWG Independent voter community Freigericht 2 2 1 1 1
total 5 5 5 5 5


  • Karl Schiwek, CDU (until 2006)
  • Alfred Weber, CDU (2006 to 2016)
  • Norbert Remmel, UWG (2016 to 2021)



  • Josef Benzing (1904–1981), librarian and Luther bibliographer and researcher of book printing


  • Ludwig Bickell : The architectural and art monuments in the administrative district of Cassel . Volume 1: Alhard von Drach: Gelnhausen district . Marburg 1901, p. 164.
  • Heinrich Reimer : Historical local dictionary for Kurhessen . Marburg 1926., p. 350.

Web links

Commons : Neuses  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Community registration
  2. ^ Uta Löwenstein: County Hanau . In: Knights, Counts and Princes - Secular Dominions in the Hessian Area approx. 900-1806 = Handbook of Hessian History 3 = Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 63. Marburg 2014. ISBN 978-3-942225-17-5 , p. 212 .
  3. ↑ Amalgamation of the municipalities Altenmittlau, Bernbach, Horbach, Neuses and Somborn in the district of Gelnhausen to form the new municipality "Freigericht" on December 17, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 1 , p. 5 , point 8 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.0 MB ]).
  4. Amendment of the main statutes - local advisory board deleted. Notice of the community, accessed on February 19, 2020
  6. Willi Klein: On the history of milling in the Main-Kinzig district = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 40. Hanau 2003, p. 314.