Neustadt an der Rems
City of Waiblingen
|Height :||approx. 288 (214–369) m above sea level NN|
|Residents :||5878 (2017)|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||71336|
|Area code :||07151|
The old village of Neustadt stands at an altitude of Remstal (approx. ). To the east extends a Letten and Gipskeuper area , from which the summit of the Söhrenberg with the highest point of the district extends at rises. To the northeast of this is the hamlet of Erbachhof , close to the edge of the boundary . Closer to the north of the village extends the Hirschlauf settlement on the next right-hand valley spur to the Rems, without any structural connection to it , which today (2018) exceeds the village in terms of built-up area and includes a large industrial zone in the eastern part. In the narrow Remstal valley, the Bad and Mühle residential areas are located below the village . In a small western corner of the district that extends to the heights on the other side of the Rems, the hamlet of Kleinhegnach stands on a counterspur in the middle .on a mountain spur that drops steeply to the west to the
Neustadt was first mentioned in a document in 1298 as "daz Stättel, doz niuwe Waibelingen heizzet". The foundation was certainly a long time before, because during excavations, the remains of a castle wall came to light that are much older. In this document, King Albrecht I confirmed the donation of the little town to Count Eberhard the Illustrious of Württemberg, which in the war of King Rudolf I against the Count on Württemberg territory as a base during the siege of Waiblingen, probably by Rudolf's brother-in-law, Count Albrecht von Hohenberg , was created. The core of the settlement was a castle, remnants of which were still there in 1494. Neustadt was walled and had three gates. After the handover to Württemberg Neustadt lost the character of a competitive settlement to Waiblingen.
Around the year 1350, Neustadt was still known as "diu niuwe Stat ze Waybelingen". But then Neustadt ultimately developed into a village. In 1481 Neustadt, previously a branch of the Michaelskirche in Waiblingen, becomes an independent parish. The population at that time was 245. For a long time Neustadt was structured exclusively on agriculture. The viticulture , which is still practiced on the Söhrenberg today, should be mentioned in particular . The only industry in the past was the extraction of gypsum, which was sold as fertilizer as far as the Ellwangen area .
In 1682, three mineral springs were discovered during renovation work on the mill. The heyday of this "Bad Neustädtle" began only in 1819 with the construction of a bath building. Famous guests came and went, such as the poets Nikolaus Lenau and Karl Mayer , the philosopher David Friedrich Strauss and Count Alexander von Württemberg. But the heyday was short.
At the end of the 19th century, the number of spa guests steadily declined, soon the spa was only a climatic health resort and from 1895 to 1920 a rest home of the Stuttgart local health insurance fund.
The Murrtalbahn was opened in 1876 ; Neustadt got its own train station. Nevertheless, until the end of the Second World War, agriculture remained the main industry. It was not until the 1950s and 1960s that the village changed, not least due to the rise of the Stihl company , which has its headquarters here, into an important industrial community.
Thanks to a good infrastructure, Neustadt has also become more attractive as a residential community. The connection to the S-Bahn network in 1981 also contributed to this, giving the town a good connection to the entire Stuttgart area. The two districts of Erbachhof and Klein-Hegnach, which belong to Neustadt, have most likely retained their originally agricultural appearance.
Although in two citizen surveys each well over 90% voted in favor of maintaining independence, Neustadt was incorporated into the city of Waiblingen on January 1, 1975 as part of the municipal reform.
The area of the community of Neustadt an der Rems, which was incorporated in 1975, forms a place within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code with the name "Waiblingen-Neustadt" with its own local council consisting of 14 members .
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows under a black shield head, in it a golden grape with a golden stem and leaf, in red a lying, silver barrel with black tires and a silver tap on the left.
- Historic town center with the remains of the old fortifications
- Evangelical Martinskirche with unique valuable Secco paintings from the 14th century. In the choir, they show a completely preserved important cycle of the Virgin Mary on an area of 143 m².
- Catholic Church of St. Maria, a church building in a modern and idiosyncratic form built according to the plans of Prof. Kammerer in 1963. In 1974 the Marienkirche received an organ from Haupt und Stahlgut in Luxembourg, which was installed in the parish church of St. Jan Molenbeek in Belgium as early as 1865. The exact age of the organ is not known.
- Statue of Fritz Nuss's “plum knocker” , based on the nickname of the people of Neustadt, who used to pound their unripe plums with a hammer in bad times until they turned blue and soft
- Historic plaster mill (Hermann-Abelein-Mühle) at the Neue Kelter
- Old Roman path towards Sörenberg
- Former vineyards as well as partial restoration of the vineyards in the Remstal near Neustadt
- Waiblinger Mühlenweg - from the Secret Mill in Beinstein, via the Hahnsche Mühle and the Häckermühle to the Hegnacher Mühle
- Remstal route - tourist association with cycling and hiking trails as well as gastronomic and cultural offers
- Remstal cycle path - 90 km long cycling route
- German half-timbered street
- Württemberg Wine Route
Neustadt an der Rems is a member of the Neustadt in Europa working group , to which 36 cities in six countries belong.
- Simone Meyder: Great individuality despite concentration. Row and terrace houses in the “Im Schneider” estate in Waiblingen-Neustadt. In: Preservation of monuments in Baden-Württemberg , 40th year 2011, issue 3, p. 164 f. ( PDF )
- Map sheet NO XXXII 17 as of 1832, Fig. 1
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 464 .
- Main statute of the city of Waiblingen in January 25, 2007, last amended on March 13, 2016
- www.neustadt-evangelisch.de: Description of the Martinskirche
- Description of the organ on the homepage of the Catholic parish of St. Maria Orgel ( Memento of the original from October 28, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.