City of Zeulenroda-Triebes
|Height :||409 m|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1999|
|Incorporated into:||Vogtland Oberland|
|Postal code :||07937|
|Area code :||036628|
View of Pöllwitz
Since December 31, 2012, Pöllwitz has been part of the Arnsgrün-Bernsgrün-Pöllwitz district of the city of Zeulenroda-Triebes in the Greiz district in Thuringia . From July 1, 1999 until the dissolution, it was a district and seat of the municipal administration of the municipality of Vogtland Oberland .
Pöllwitz lies at an altitude of 447 m above sea level and has a train station on the Werdau – Weida – Mehltheuer railway line , which has not been served since December 11, 2011. The historic fortified church of St. Nicholas is well worth seeing .
The first written mention of Pöllwitz appeared in a letter of indulgence dated November 21, 1340. The place was documented in writing in 1366 as "Pedilwitz", in 1449 as "Pedelwitz" and in 1533/34 in addition to the aforementioned forms as "Bedelwitz". The place initially belonged to the Lobdeburg Counts (Elsterberger sideline). In the center of the village is the fortified church (renovated in 1598?) With a fortified tower. The altar shrine with portraits of the Mother of God Maria and Saint Barbara survived the Reformation and the later war events and are today one of the most valuable possessions of the parish.
With the desert areas Wolfshain, Lichtenbach, Reibolzgrün and Ritzmannsgrün, Pöllwitz came to the rule of Greiz in 1485 and to the rule of Reuss-Obergreiz, in 1625 directly subordinated to Obergreiz, and in 1694 it became the County of Obergreiz. The place was now divided into Altpöllwitz and the development settlement of Neupöllwitz with the forestry office, which had arisen on the southern bank of the Pöllwitzer pond, whereby the much larger Altpöllwitz district belonged to the Reuss older line from 1778 and was administered by the Greiz District Office after the Prince's abdication in 1918. The Neupöllwitz district, which in addition to the forest administration consisted of around ten houses (mostly inhabited by forest workers), became part of the territory of the Principality of Reuss Younger Line in 1849 and was subordinated to the Gera district office. The place was given to the district of Greiz in 1919, from 1952 to 1994 the district belonged to Zeulenroda, from 1994 back to Greiz.
On the western edge of the Altpöllnitz location, the Pöllwitzmühle has probably existed since the beginning of the village. 1540 the first named miller was dated. In the 19th century a brick factory was built next to the mill, and after 1920 a small porcelain factory was built. Statistical information about the place is only available from the 19th century. The following data on the development of the place were taken from the archives: In 1542 20 (land) landlords, 1566 21 landlords, and 1606 47 people were recorded in the tax list of the place. In 1632 there were still 32 taxable residents in the village. In 1871, Altpöllwitz had 540 inhabitants, and in 1871, 118 inhabitants lived in Neupöllwitz. In 1925 there were 975 inhabitants in the reunified Pöllwitz. The highest number of inhabitants was reached in 1946, about 1,300 officially registered residents lived there temporarily due to refugees and displaced persons. In 1972 there were 969 inhabitants, in 2003 731 inhabitants (including Pöllwitzmühle). Significant settlement developments took place in 1922, 1955 and from the 1990s onwards. An outdoor swimming pool was built at Pöllwitzer Teich after 1900, which attracted bathers from the surrounding area through the existing railway connection. The forest area around Pöllwitz, which was still closed, was a restricted military area and military training area for the NVA during the GDR era .
- Fortified church of the place with a late Gothic altar shrine
- The location is in a picturesque location on the west and south banks of the Pöllwitzer pond.
- The listed Pöllwitzer mill had to be renewed after a fire in 1928. The residential and auxiliary buildings of the mill property were mainly built in half-timbered style.
- Pöllwitzer Wald with numerous hiking destinations, a local educational trail and natural monuments
- During the Second World War , 40 " Eastern workers " had to do forced labor at Vogel & Co., Albin Fleischer and Heinrich Enke .
- The northern Vogtland around Greiz . A geographical inventory in the area of Greiz, Weida, Berga, Triebes, Hohenleuben, Elsterberg, Mylau and Netzschkau. In: Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography (Ed.): Landscapes in Germany . tape 68 . Böhlau Verlag, Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-412-09003-4 , Pöllwitz with Pöllwitzmühle, since 1994 on Vogtländisches Oberland, district of Greiz, and Pöllwitzer Wald, p. 229-232 .
- StBA Area: changes from 01.01. until December 31, 1999
- Günter Steiniger: Mills on the Auma, the Triebes, the Leuba and in Güldetal Verlag Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza, 2011, ISBN 978-3-86777-296-9 , pp. 120–126
- The population was probably six to ten times higher, as only a small part of the village population was assessed as taxpayers.
- (Basis: list of food )
- House history of the Pöllwitzmühle
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Heimatgeschichtlicher Wegweiser to places of resistance and persecution 1933–1945, series: Heimatgeschichtliche Wegweiser Volume 8 Thüringen, Erfurt 2003, p. 121 , ISBN 3-88864-343-0