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The Partnach in the Reintal

The Partnach in the Reintal

Water code EN : 1624
location Bavaria
Garmisch-Partenkirchen district
River system Danube
Drain over Loisach  → Isar  → Danube  → Black Sea
source in the Zugspitze massif
47 ° 24 ′ 22 ″  N , 11 ° 1 ′ 42 ″  E
Source height approx.  1426  m above sea level NHN
Spring discharge NNQ
MNQ 2002-2006
MQ 2002-2006
MHQ 2002-2006
400 l / s
490 l / s
1.46 m³ / s
8.82 m³ / s
16.77 m³ / s
muzzle in Garmisch-Partenkirchen in the Loisach Coordinates: 47 ° 30 ′ 0 ″  N , 11 ° 5 ′ 17 ″  E 47 ° 30 ′ 0 ″  N , 11 ° 5 ′ 17 ″  E
Mouth height approx.  690  m above sea level NHN
Height difference approx. 736 m
Bottom slope approx. 41 ‰
length 18 km
Catchment area 128.88 km²
Discharge at the Partenkirchen
A Eo gauge : 95.3 km²
Location: 3.3 km above the mouth
NNQ (02/09/1969)
MNQ 1921–2006
MQ 1921–2006
Mq 1921–2006
MHQ 1921–2006
HHQ (08/10/1970)
400 l / s
957 l / s
3.93 m³ / s
41.2 l / (s km²)
32.3 m³ / s
81.9 m³ / s
Medium-sized cities Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Navigable No
The Partnach in Garmisch-Partenkirchen

The Partnach in Garmisch-Partenkirchen

The Partnach is an 18 km long Bavarian mountain river . It rises at 1440  m in the Zugspitze massif . Is fed from the Partnach melt water of the m higher order about 1100 Schneefernerhaus glacier , in the ver karst seeps eten rock bottom and passes back to the surface when Partnachursprung.


The name Partnach consists of the Indo-European word portn for passage and the Old High German word aha ( Ache together) for a watercourse.

Part origin

The Partnachorsprung

The origin of the Partnach is at 1,440 m, west of the Reintalangerhütte at Ochsensitz. During various measurements in the years 2002–2006, the discharge values ​​of the spring were recorded and documented. The lowest measured discharge (NNQ) - at times the source even fell dry during the measurements - was 400 l / s, the highest measured discharge (HHQ) was 16,770 l / s. The determined values ​​result in the mean low water discharge (MNQ) with 490 l / s, the mean discharge (MQ) with 1,460 l / s and the mean high water discharge (MHQ) with 8,820 l / s for the period 2002–2006.


The Partnach then flows down the Reintal , initially in an east-northeast direction along the axis of the Wetterstein Mountains, which are largely drained by them . There she passed through two mountain lakes until 2005 - the Vordere and Hinter Blaue Gumpe . On the former, the Partnach water accumulated on debris from landslides. Heavy rain partially eroded the natural dam and completely filled the lake with sediment; the blue pool therefore no longer exists today.

In the Reintal, which then slowly turns north, the Partnach forms a total of four gorges , the last of which is the well-known and touristic Partnach Gorge . This fourth Partnach Gorge is 720 meters long and up to 80 m deep. Within it, the Partnach, which was previously up to 25 m wide, narrows to often only 5 m wide and falls in a waterfall over a rock step several meters high. Below the incline, it has formed whirlpool pots several meters deep . In the center it flows through a rock gate .

On the northern outskirts of Garmisch-Partenkirchen the Partnach flows out at 690  m above sea level. NN from the right into the Loisach . It has an absolute gradient of almost 740 m over a distance of 18 km and a mean relative bed gradient of around 41 ‰. Up to the outskirts of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, the Partnach is a near-natural river. From there to the confluence with the Loisach, its banks are built up with stone and block embankments and thus defined. The Partnach has to be crossed on several footbridges and bridges . The first leads across the river at the Bockhütte in Reintal, the second and third just before the entrance to the Partnach Gorge. Two footbridges also let you look deep into the gorge itself. Behind the gorge, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and on the southern outskirts, a total of 10 road and pedestrian bridges and 2 railway bridges make it possible to cross the Partnach.


The following table contains the major tributaries of the Partnach with their important parameters. The Partnach itself was also included for comparison.

GKZ Surname from Length
Mouth Mouth height
[m above sea level NHN ]
Source location Source height
[m above sea level NHN]
n / A. 1624 Partnach himself n / A. 18.0 128.9 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, northern edge 0.690 Zugspitze massif , at the Ochsensitz 1,426
17.5 1624-11?a Gatterlbach right 02.2 ? in front of (Reintal-) Angerhütte 1,372 Feldernjöchl 2,086
11.9 1624-11?b Reintalbach right 01.3 ? to Bockhütte 1,034 Hell fun 1,858
09.4 1624-11?c Ferlsbach / Mitterklammgraben right 01.3 001.2 to Mitterklamm 0.903 northwest of Schachentorkopf 1,192
08.7 1624-11?d Spitzwaldgraben right 02.4 001.2 0.874 Carving bench 1,670
08.6 1624-12 Bodenlaine Left 09.9 005.5 south of Reinthal 0.863 south of the cable car station on the Osterfelderkopf 1.995
08.5 1624-19?a Klausengraben right 01.7 000.8 0.861 Ebenwald 1,248
08.1 1624-19?b Sulzgraben Left 02.6 001.7 east of Reinthal 0.852 Garmisch house 1,322
06.2 1624-2 Ferchenbach right 10.5 035.7 before Partnachklamm 0.796 Outflow of the Ferchensee 1,060
05.4 1624-31?a Streaking pit Left 00.8 000.2 in Partnachklamm 0.772 southwest of the Sattlerhütte 1,144
05.3 1624-31?b Graseckgraben right 00.8 000.1 at Vordergraseck in Partnachklamm 0.767 Donkey forest near Eckbauer 1,185
05.1 1624-32 This trench Left 02.0 000.8 Accommodation house after Partnachklamm 0.761 Lance moss 1,295
04.9 1624-33?a Schlenzgraben right 01.2 000.3 Accommodation house after Partnachklamm 0.761 north of Eckbauer 1,202
04.5 1624-33?b Wiesholzgraben right 01.2 000.2 Wildenau, first power station building 0.750 Donkey mountain 1,056
04.2 1624-34 (Inflow) Left 01.8 000.3 to Wildenau in the area of ​​the power plant 0.744 Drehöserhütte 1,291
00.9 1624-4 Kankerbach right 13.2 031.0 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Wettersteinstrasse 0.699 north of Krenzbach as Köchelgraben 1,073
  1. Stationing, the distance from the Partnach estuary up to this tributary.
  2. Water code number , in Germany the official river code number with an inserted separator after the prefix, which stands for the common receiving water Partnach. If the water body number cannot be determined, there is a question mark after the prefix that is safe according to the system.
  3. Where available according to the directory of brook and river areas in Bavaria ... , otherwise measured on the BayernAtlas.
  4. Where available according to the directory of brook and river areas in Bavaria ... , otherwise measured on the BayernAtlas.
  5. Height queried on the BayernAtlas (right click). In the area of ​​the Partnach Gorge interpolated according to the flow path.
  6. Height queried on the BayernAtlas (right click).

Ferchenbach and Kankerbach are the most important tributaries, both of which run in from the right and from the east, the Ferchenbach between the northern slope of almost 2500  m above sea level. NHN high Wettersteinwand and the over 1000 meters lower Wamberg on the right, the Kankerbach between Wamberg on the left and again up to almost 1800  m above sea level. NHN high Estergebirge.

More photos

References and comments

  1. a b Height according to the contour line image on: BayernAtlas of the Bavarian State Government ( information ) - detail map .
  2. a b c d e Directory of brook and river areas in Bavaria - Isar river area, page 16 of the Bavarian State Office for the Environment, as of 2016 (PDF; 2.5 MB)
  3. ^ Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Danube region 2006 Bavarian State Office for the Environment, p. 198, accessed on October 4, 2017, at: (PDF, German, 24.2 MB).
  4. Position of the blue pools on the historical map, which can be set on the BayernAtlas. See the →  web links .
  5. a b List of creek and river areas in Bavaria - Isar river area, page 17 of the Bavarian State Office for the Environment, as of 2016 (PDF; 2.5 MB)


  • David Morche: Investigations into fluvial sediment transport in catchment areas of the northern limestone Alps (Reintal / Wetterstein Mountains and Lahnenwiesgraben / Ammergau Alps) [1] [2] (PDF; 2.0 MB)

Web links

Commons : Partnach  - collection of images, videos and audio files