Piaggio P. 180
|Type:||Twin engine turboprop - business aircraft|
September 23, 1986
January 29, 1990
1990 – today
|Number of pieces:||
203 (as of 2010)
The Piaggio P.180 Avanti is a business jet from Piaggio Aerospace . With its push propellers it is in the tradition of the P.166 and P.136 . The P.180 is based on the "three-surface concept". The aircraft achieves relatively high speeds for fan guns with lower fuel consumption than comparably large aircraft with jet propulsion, which is due to both the optimized aerodynamics and the more economical turboprop engines.
The P.180 was initially a joint development by the two companies Gates Learjet and Piaggio . After the US jet aircraft manufacturer withdrew from the project in 1986 - this had been preceded by four years of joint research and development work and intensive wind tunnel tests - the prototype took off on September 23, 1986 for the maiden flight that was actually planned in 1985. Almost four years later, on January 29, 1990, the first flight of the first production machine followed. 36 machines had been manufactured by the end of 1998. After an interruption, new orders came from the three Italian branches of the armed forces, the air force with 15 machines, the army and navy with three aircraft each, as well as further orders for the police , fire brigade , civil defense and the coast guard .
From mid-2005 machines of the P.180 Avanti II series will be built. These differ through two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6 A-66B engines, also throttled to 625 kW, and a Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 glass cockpit , which is equipped with three 20 cm × 25 cm flat screens. From mid-2008 the equipment variant "it" will also be delivered with a new cabin design. Around 175 machines had been delivered by the beginning of 2009, and there are further orders from customers at home and abroad, so that production will be sold out by 2012. The test flights for the military machines took place in Pescara , among other places .
For specialized tasks, three special options are available, for example an optical and imaging infrared video system can be installed for surveillance flights by the military . Another usage variant offered is the role as a radio measurement platform for calibration (control measurements ) of radio navigation systems , for example in approach systems at airports . The Avanti is also offered as a patient transport aircraft.
The Avanti consists of 95% aluminum alloys and its construction is similar to duck planes , although the small front wings have no elevator function. This is taken over by the T- tail . The main wings with large extension are attached at the level of the rear end of the cabin and have a low flow resistance , as a laminar flow occurs up to the middle of the profile depth . The small front wings and the main wings are equipped with buoyancy aids at the rear edges . The fuselage has an elliptical cross section. The two Pratt & Whitney PT6 A-66A or -B engines are mounted in nacelles on the wings and drive two counter-rotating propellers.
|crew||one or two pilots|
|Cabin (L × W × H)||4.55 m × 1.85 m × 1.75 m|
|Wing area||16 m²|
|Preparation mass||3402 kg|
|payload||7–8 passengers or 1860 kg payload|
|Takeoff mass||5239 kg|
|drive||2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6 A-66 turbines with 625 kW (850 PS) each|
|Top speed||732 km / h at an altitude of 8625 m|
|Max. Continuous speed||644 km / h at an altitude of 11,890 m|
|Rate of climb||14 m / s|
|Service ceiling||12,500 m|
|normal range||with 6 people and IFR reserve: 2637 km|
|price||about 5.3 million euros|
- characteristics of three-wing aircraft
- The two P.180s of the civil defense have been operated by the Air Force on its behalf since 2012. P.180 on aeronautica.difesa.it , accessed in September 2016.
- Presentation of the P.1HH on piaggioaerospace.it (English)
- Piaggio HammerHead flies , accessed December 29, 2016.
- Description of the structure and operation of the buoyancy aids in the POH (Pilot's Operating Handbook) of the P.180 Avanti II ( Memento from September 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF, English)
- FliegerRevue April 2009, pp. 50–53, Piaggio P. 180 Avanti II