Life and work
After attending elementary school , Robert Görlinger initially worked as a worker and was then employed as a workshop clerk. At the same time he took courses in accounting and technical drawing at a training school. He moved to Cologne in 1905 and worked here as a runner, factory worker and brazer until 1907. After joining the German Metalworkers' Association (DMV) in 1907 , he went on a hike, trained as an electrician in 1908/09 and then worked in this profession. In 1910 he was reprimanded for his union activities. He then worked temporarily in a landscape gardener column in the Ruhr area . From 1915 he was a senior electrician in Cologne. From 1915 to 1918 he took part in the First World War as a soldier . During the war he was used in a machine gun company and was seriously wounded twice. At the end of the war he was in a Berlin hospital , from which he was released in 1919.
Görlinger had been employed by the DMV in Cologne since 1919 and worked as the union's secretary until 1921. From 1925 to 1933 he was managing director of the Cologne Workers' Welfare Association (AWO). In addition, from 1927 to 1932 he undertook study trips by the labor movement to England , France , Belgium , Italy and Austria as well as to the Netherlands and Switzerland .
After the National Socialists came to power , Görlinger emigrated to France via the Saar region . There he worked as a market trader from 1933 to 1936 and as a worker, electrician and mechanic in Besançon from 1936 to 1939 . In March 1939, the German authorities revoked his citizenship . After the outbreak of World War II , Görlinger was interned twice by the French authorities on the Langres plateau in 1939/40 . After the German troops marched in, he worked as an armed forces interpreter in Nevers , where he was arrested by the Gestapo in March 1941 and then taken to the Klingelpütz prison in Cologne . Following his pre-trial detention, he was sentenced to two years in prison by the People's Court for allegedly preparing for high treason. After serving his sentence, the National Socialists took him to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1943 after another interrogation , from which he was liberated by British troops in 1945.
Görlinger returned to Cologne in July 1945, was one of the main license holders from 1946 to 1951 and was the publisher of the Rheinische Zeitung from 1948 to 1951 . In addition, he participated in the reconstruction of the AWO in West Germany and served as the first federal chairman of the AWO in 1948/49. He was also chairman of the Deutsche Volksheimstättenwerk, chairman of the administrative board of the Rhineland regional planning community, chairman of the North Rhine-Westphalian association of municipal companies, chairman of the German Society for Photography (DGPh) and executive board member for the donation of thanks from the German people.
Görlinger was married to Emilie Schieron since 1909. He died in 1954 at the age of 65 in the Cologne University Hospital . His grave is in the Melaten cemetery (hall 60A), the grave sculpture is by Ludwig Gies .
Görlinger joined the SPD in 1909 and was the party's shop steward in Cologne-Ehrenfeld from 1909 to 1915 . He was elected to the board of the SPD district Upper Rhine Province in 1924 and acted as deputy chairman of the SPD district Cologne-Upper Rhine from 1929 to 1933. After his emigration he was a shop steward of the Comité Consultatif in 1936 and in 1938/39 a shop steward of the French regional association of the Saar-SPD. After the end of the war he took part in the reconstruction of Cologne's social democracy and was chairman of the SPD district of Upper Rhine Province from 1945 to 1947. From 1948 until his death he was a member of the board of directors of the SPD district of Middle Rhine.
Görlinger had been a member of the workers 'and soldiers' council in Greater Berlin since November 1918 . From 1919 to 1933 he was a city councilor in Cologne, initially managing director and then from 1925 to 1933 chairman of the SPD parliamentary group. In addition, he was a board member of the Rhenish and German Association of Cities . Since 1923 he was a member of the provincial parliament of the Rhine Province .
From 1946 until his death Görlinger was again a council member of the city of Cologne and here again chairman of the SPD parliamentary group. He was also a member of the North Rhine Provincial Council in 1946 and a member of the Zone Advisory Council from 1946 to 1948 . In 1946/47 he was a member of the two appointee state parliaments of North Rhine-Westphalia , where he was deputy chairman of the SPD parliamentary group, then a member of the first elected state parliament until his resignation on September 3, 1949 . He was a member of the German Bundestag from the first federal election in 1949 until his death. He was drawn into parliament via the state list of North Rhine-Westphalia . The main focus of his political activities were finance and tax issues as well as building and land law.
Görlinger was elected mayor of the city of Cologne in 1946 and was first mayor (deputy mayor) of the city in 1951/52. In 1948/49 and 1950/51 he was the Lord Mayor of Cologne .
- Store front Görlinger Center in Cologne-Bocklemünd / Mengenich
- Markus H. Kringel: Görlinger, Robert (1888–1954). In: Siegfried Mielke (ed.): Trade unionists in the concentration camps Oranienburg and Sachsenhausen. Biographisches Handbuch, Vol. 1, Berlin 2002, pp. 164-167.
- Siegfried Mielke , Stefan Heinz (eds.) With the collaboration of Julia Pietsch: Emigrated metal trade unionists in the fight against the Nazi regime (= trade unionists under National Socialism. Persecution - Resistance - Emigration. Volume 3). Metropol, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-86331-210-7 , pp. 65, 823-824 (short biography).
- Death certificate no. 524 from February 11, 1954, registry office Cologne I. In: LAV NRW R civil status register. Retrieved October 5, 2018 .
- Robert Görlinger . In: Ulrich S. Soénius (Hrsg.), Jürgen Wilhelm (Hrsg.): Kölner Personen-Lexikon. Greven, Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-7743-0400-0 , pp. 186-187.
- Josef Abt, Johann Ralf Beines, Celia Körber-Leupold: Melaten - Cologne graves and history . Greven, Cologne 1997, ISBN 3-7743-0305-3 , p. 113.
- Robert Görlinger at the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia
- AWO press release on the 50th anniversary of Robert Görlinger's death
- Commemorative publication of the German Society for Photography ( Memento from November 11, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Görlinger, Robert Johann (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (SPD), MdL, MdB|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 29, 1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ensheim|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 10, 1954|
|Place of death||Cologne|