The five-pointed red star is now often perceived as a symbol for the socialist or communist worldview. The red star should metaphorically shine people's path to classless society , but is also interpreted as an internationalist symbol in the labor movement , with the five points standing for the five civilized continents . When used in state symbols, it is often meant to refer to a form of socialism or communism ; however, this is not always the case, cf. z. B. the flag of California .
Use in coats of arms and on flags
The red star can be found on the flags of Panama , New Zealand , California etc. In addition, the red star is and was often seen on the flags and coats of arms of communist and socialist countries. However, it is not red in all cases. For example, the flags of China , Angola , Mozambique and Vietnam use a yellow star on a red background, but they have the same meaning as the red star. The connection of the star with the hammer and sickle symbol (which is to express the partnership of the working class with the peasantry) has not been unusual since the Bolsheviks as a symbol for the workers-and-peasants state or the dictatorship of the proletariat .
In 1908 the novel "Red Star" by Alexander Bogdanow was published , which had a great influence in the run-up to the October Revolution of 1917 and is considered the first Bolshevik utopia . The soldiers of the Red Guard and the Red Army wore a red star on their headgear. In the Soviet Union, an airship was christened Krasnaya Zvezda ( Russian for Red Star) in 1920 . The newspaper published by the then Soviet Defense Ministry since 1924 was also called the Red Star, which is still used by the now Russian military newspaper . The red star is also perceived as a symbol of the red terror and the gulag .
The terrorist organization Red Army Fraction also used a corresponding symbol.
The Dutch brewery Heineken , the Italian mineral water brand San Pellegrino , the Daimler AG subsidiary Western Star Trucks and the software company Mozilla also use the red star as a symbol - albeit without reference to communism. In the case of Mozilla, the star is usually depicted with a Godzilla- like dragon or the letter "M" inside. The logo was intended to illustrate the revolutionary aspirations of the project in the, at times, almost monopoly browser market. Today's Stroemfeld Verlag used to be called Roter Stern (founded in 1970). The expression Stroemfeld / Red Star is still used today.
There was a Soviet Order of the Red Star , which was donated in 1929.
This is worn on the right side of the chest.
Since the fall of the Eastern Bloc , the red star has been banned from public life in some countries.
Medallion at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing
Red Army faction logo
Red Star Belgrade logo
Macy’s company logo
Flag of the EZLN in Mexico
Heineken company logo
- Symbols and traditions of the workers' movement. IN Stamokap current of the SJÖ (PDF)
- http://www.flaggenkunde.de/veroeffnahmungen/06-11.htm Stars, always stars. From Zeljko Heimer
- cf. David King "Red Star over Russia - A Visual History of the Soviet Union from 1917 to the Death of Stalin" (2010).
- Article Order of the Soviet Union in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D84855~2a%3DOrden%20der%20Sovjetunion~2b%3DOrden%20der%20Sovjetunion