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Rupea Coat of Arms
Rupea (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : Transylvania
Circle : Brașov
Coordinates : 46 ° 2 '  N , 25 ° 13'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 2 '20 "  N , 25 ° 13' 21"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 461  m
Area : 74.87  km²
Residents : 5,269 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 70 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 505500
Telephone code : (+40) 02 68
License plate : BV
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : city
Structure : 1 District / cadastral municipality: Fișer
Mayor : Nicolae-Liviu Brădaș ( PSD )
Postal address : St. Republicii, no. 169
loc. Rupea, jud. Brașov, RO-505500
Website :

Rupea (formerly Cohalm ; German  Reps , Hungarian Kőhalom ) is a city in the Brașov district in the Transylvania region in Romania .

The place is also known under the German names Rupes and Kuhalm in Altland and the Transylvanian-Saxon name Räppes .

Geographical location

View of Rupea
Evangelical church and bell tower
The castle and castle fountain

Rupea is located in the historic Altland on the Valea Mare (Kosder Bach) - a right tributary of the Homorod - and on the European route E60 , which connects here in the Sighișoara (Schäßburg) region with Brașov (Kronstadt ). The settlement lies at the foot of the castle of the same name. Rupea train station is about seven kilometers outside in the Rupea Gară (Repser train station) settlement . The village of Fișer (Schweischer), eight kilometers to the northwest, belongs to the small town of Rupea .


Reps was founded as a market town in the 12th century as a new settlement on the royal soil by German colonists, the Transylvanian Saxons , and was first mentioned in documents in 1324 or 1433, according to various sources. It was one of the primary settlements of the Seven Chairs and was a suburb of the Repser Chair until the 19th century.

Settlement of the place, called Pădurea lui Grigore (Grigori forest) by the locals , dates back to the 2nd century of Roman times according to archaeological finds .


The local economy is shaped by agriculture. There is also a factory in Rupea for the manufacture of carpets and furniture. In the vicinity there are salt springs , the water of which contains 126.2 mg / l salts.


census Ethnicity
year Residents Romanians Hungary German Other
1850 3308 837 17th 2084 370
1920 3500 1509 232 1743 16
1941 3680 1599 323 1595 163
1956 4691 2532 602 1385 172
1977 6640 3617 1502 1269 252
1992 6326 4331 1428 193 374
2002 5759 4063 1245 110 341
2011 5269 3591 975 82 648 (Roma 360)

Since the official survey of 1850, Rupea had its highest population in 1977. The highest population of Romanians was found in 1992, that of Magyars in 1977, that of Romanian Germans in 1850 and that of Roma (374) in 1992. Furthermore, Ukrainians , Serbs and Slovaks have also been registered since 1850 .

The evangelical community of the Transylvanian Saxons had 86 members on December 31, 1995; In 2009 it had 57 members.


  • The most important sacred building in the city is the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Reps. It was built in the 15th century as a Gothic hall church and later provided with a baroque bell tower. Today it is used jointly by the strongly shrunk Evangelical German community and the Lutheran Hungarians. It is a listed building.
  • The Rupea Castle , built in the 11th century, is the symbol of the city. High above the city on Kohalmer Berg ( 578  m ), it can be seen from afar as a ruin. It was mentioned for the first time in 1324 as castrum Kuholm and was the seat of the Reps royal judge and the chairman who administered from here the Repser Ländchen , the easternmost region of the royal soil. In 1421 the castle was destroyed by the Turks, then rebuilt and expanded at the same time. The third and fourth courtyards were built in the 17th century. In 1790 a storm destroyed the battlements and the roofs so that they fell into disrepair. In 1954 some of the walls were restored and today the remains of the castle are under monument protection.
  • Furthermore, according to the list of historical monuments of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage (Ministerul Culturii și Patrimoniului Național) in the area of ​​the small town of the Grigori Forest , the Blumenthal (Valea Florilor) , in Strada Cetății (Burggasse) the property between the Protestant cemetery and the city blocks, and some properties on Strada Republicii , both built in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, listed buildings.
  • The fortified church in the district of Fișer (Schweischer) , built outside the village in the 15th century and renovated in the 19th, is a listed building. The church has a winged altar and an artistic gallery painting.

sons and daughters of the town

See also

Web links

Commons : Rupea  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
  2. ^ Dictionary of the localities in Transylvania
  3. a b c Heinz Heltmann, Gustav Servatius (ed.): Travel Guide Siebenbürgen. Kraft, Würzburg 1993, ISBN 3-8083-2019-2 .
  4. Primăria Rupea: Istorie în Rupea. Retrieved October 20, 2019 (Romanian).
  5. a b c d e List of historical monuments of the Romanian Ministry of Culture, updated 2010 (PDF; 7.10 MB)
  6. E. Varga: Statistics of the population by ethnic group in the Brașov district according to censuses from 1850–2002 (Hungarian; PDF; 784 kB)
  7. Dieter Drotleff: Pastors, curators, numbers of souls. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Zeitung. Enclosure: Karpatenrundschau , March 4, 2010, p. 3.
  8. Rose Schmidt: Schweischer - information., April 30, 1995, accessed October 20, 2019 .
  9. ^ Johann Michael Salzer: The royal free market Biertan in Transylvania. A contribution to the history of the Transylvanian Saxons. C. Graeser, Vienna 1881, p. 407.