|Historical region :||Transylvania|
|Time zone :||EET ( UTC +2)|
|Area :||164.36 km²|
|Residents :||15,022 (October 20, 2011)|
|Population density :||91 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||505400|
|Telephone code :||(+40) 02 68|
|License plate :||BV|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Community type :||city|
|Structure :||1 District / cadastral municipality: Râșnov Romacril|
|Mayor :||Adrian-Ioan Veştea ( PNL )|
|Postal address :||Str. Ion Luca Caragiale, no. 21
loc. Râșnov, jud. Brașov, RO-505400
Râşnov is located in southeastern Transylvania on the Ghimbăşel stream - a left tributary of the Olt ( Alt ) - east of the Piatra Craiului Mountains ( Königsstein Mountains ) and west of the Postăvarul Mountains ( Schuler ), in the middle of the Burzenland . Located on the European route 574 and the Brașov – Zărneşti railway line , Râşnov is located about 18 kilometers southwest of the district capital Braşov ( Kronstadt ). The small town is about halfway between the city of Brașov and the municipality of Bran ( Törzburg ).
The area of Râșnov had been inhabited since at least Roman times. In the second century, the Romans built the Cumidava castle there . Rosenau itself was founded by the Teutonic Order around 1225 and was first mentioned in a document in 1331. In 1950 Râşnov was named a city.
|2011||15,022||13,458||200||100||1264 (Roma 268)|
Since the official survey of 1850, Râșnov had the highest population, and that of Romanians, in 1992. The highest population of the Romanian Germans (1848) was determined in 1880 and 1900, that of the Magyars in 1977 and that of the Roma (378) in 1850. Furthermore, Ukrainians , Serbs and Slovaks were registered with almost every admission .
( Gabriel Báthory around 1600. A steep path leads from the courtyard of an inn on the market square to the farmer's castle .) Worth mentioning is the farmer's castle, which housed numerous houses, stables and a small church. It was built in the 14th century on a limestone rock above the town. The castle was only taken once, by
For the 1623 to 1640 at the castle 80 fathoms (about 140 meters) deep castle well , says a legend that 17 years were needed for its construction and was built by two prisoners Turkish soldiers. The prisoners were promised to be released for the construction of the well. The well was used until 1850 and abandoned because of a broken wheel. The castle is a listed building.
In the forest next to the farmer's castle, a dinosaur park with around 50 lifelike exhibits that were made in Germany is to be opened in March 2015.
() The church was built in the 13th century and rebuilt several times. The ceiling frescoes date from the 16th century. The church was never fortified either, as the residents of Rosenau fled to the peasant castle in case of danger. The church and its property are under monument protection.
() The Sf. Nicolae Church, one of the oldest Orthodox churches in southeastern Transylvania, with frescoes from the 17th century, was first mentioned in 1384. It was renovated in the 18th century and is a listed building.
The four ski jumping hills of Trambulina Valea Cărbunării , 15 meters, 35 meters, 64 meters and 90 meters, were built in 2012 and inaugurated on November 17th. At the beginning of 2013 the European Youth Olympic Winter Festival 2013 ( Festivalul Olimpic al Tineretului European ) took place here in Romania.
Other destinations in the area include a. the Bran Castle , the National Park Piatra Craiului Mountains ( King mountain range ) and the Prahova Valley with spa resorts in Predeal and Sinaia . A 12-kilometer asphalt road leads from below the farmer's castle to the higher winter sports resort Poiana Brașov ( Schulerau ).
- Friedrich Müller (Hrsg.): Transylvanian legends. New extended edition of Misch Orend. Schwartz Verlag, Göttingen 1972, ISBN 3-509-00557-0 , p. 509.
- The daily bread. A day in the life of PM Oral History by Paul Moser, Weißbäcker, Rosenau / Râșnov. In. Neue Literatur (Bucharest), 27/2, February 1976, pp. 43-46.
- Claus Stephani : The valley of wild roses. Rosenauer legends and stories. In: Neuer Weg (Bucharest), January 22, 1977.
- Claus Stephani: The stone flowers. Burzenland Saxon sagas and local stories. (Cover and illustrations by Helga Unipan) Ion-Creanga-Verlag, Bucharest 1977, p. 156.
- Web presentation of the "Rosenau neighborhood"
- Rosenau im Burzenland at sibiweb.de
- Rosenau at sevenbuerger.de
- Winter pictures of the Râşnov farm castle at dacia.free.fr
- 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
- Heinz Heltmann, Gustav Servatius (Ed.): Travel Guide Siebenbürgen. Kraft-Verlag, Würzburg 1993, ISBN 3-8083-2019-2 , p. 138.
- E. Varga: Statistics of the population by ethnic group in the Brașov district according to censuses from 1850–2002 (Hungarian; PDF; 784 kB)
- Johann Michael Salzer: Travel pictures from Transylvania , printed and published by Theodor Steinhaußen, Hermannstadt 1860
- List of historical monuments of the Romanian Ministry of Culture, updated 2010 (PDF; 7.10 MB)
- Elise Wilk: Rosenau - The Faces of a City (III) on November 21, 2014 from adz.ro accessed on March 23, 2015
- Dana Jenei: The old Orthodox Church in Râșnov (Romanian; PDF; 1.3 MB)
- Inauguration of the ski jumps in Râșnov , short description and video at brasovbuzz.ro ( memento of the original from November 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. accessed on March 1, 2013 (Romanian)
- The ski sports camp in Râșnov is ready for the European Youth Olympic Festival , accessed on March 1, 2013 (Romanian) from ziare.com