Olt (river)

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Course of the Olt in Romania

Course of the Olt in Romania

location Districts of Harghita , Covasna , Brașov , Sibiu , Vâlcea , Olt , Teleorman ( Romania )
River system Danube
Drain over Danube  → Black Sea
source near Bălan ( Hăşmaşu Mare Mountains in the Eastern Carpathians )
46 ° 44 ′ 32 ″  N , 25 ° 44 ′ 38 ″  E
Source height 1280  m
muzzle 5 km west of Turnu Măgurele in the Danube Coordinates: 43 ° 42 ′ 46 "  N , 24 ° 47 ′ 45"  E, 43 ° 42 ′ 46 "  N , 24 ° 47 ′ 45"  E
Mouth height 21  m
Height difference 1259 m
Bottom slope 2 ‰
length 615 km
Catchment area 24,010 km²
Drain MQ
190 m³ / s
Left tributaries Râul Negru , Bârsa , Topolog , Racovița
Right tributaries Vârghiș , Homorod , Cibin , Lotru , Olteț , Teslui
Reservoirs flowed through Barajul Mesteacănul
Big cities Râmnicu Vâlcea
Medium-sized cities Miercurea Ciuc , Sfântu Gheorghe , Făgăraș , Slatina
Small towns Bălan , Drăgăneşti-Olt
The Olt in the Southern Carpathians

The Olt in the Southern Carpathians

The Olt ( German  old ; Hungarian Olt ; from Latin lut = clay, Roman aluta ) is a left tributary of the Danube in Romania with a length of 615 kilometers. Shortly before it flows into the Danube, the river reaches a water flow of 190 m³ / s. He is also the namesake of the Romanian district of Olt .

The Olt flows entirely on Romanian territory. It rises in the Eastern Carpathians flows in a southerly direction to Bod (Brenndorf) , where he makes a bow and Perşani Mountains crossed, then the historic west Altland in the region Transylvania flows and leaves Transylvania in a southerly direction, crossing the Red Tower Pass the Transylvanian Alps towards Getische Plateau or Wallachia , where it flows into the Danube in the extreme south of the country five kilometers west of Turnu Măgurele .

In Transylvania are the villages of Hărman (Honigberg) , Bod, Feldioara (Marienburg) , Șercaia (Schirkanyen) , Cincșor (Kleinschenk) , Făgăraș (Fogarasch) , Cârța (Kerz) , Avrig (Freck) and Tălmaciu (Talmesch) am Olt.

At Talmaciu the right tributary Cibin flows into the Olt, before it changes direction again and crosses the Southern Carpathians through the Rotenturm Pass in a southerly direction.

Economical meaning

The river is dammed on a total of 24 barrages that were built for the purpose of generating electricity. The first is near Făgăraş. The length of the reservoirs varies and generally gets longer towards the mouth. Most of the lakes are enclosed by a wall. The dams with the power plants are all of the same type. Shipping was carried out on the river until the 19th century.

Web links

Commons : Olt  - collection of images, videos and audio files