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Stacked coffee sacks
Balloon bag

A sack is a flexible container made of textile material , plastic film or paper for storing and transporting movable objects, often bulk goods . A sack usually has a tubular shape that is closed at one end of the tube. When filled, a sack usually has a bulbous shape. The open end of the hose is held up for filling.

When unfilled, sacks often - but not always - consist of two rectangular pieces of fabric, paper or foil that lie on top of each other and are sewn, glued or welded together on all rectangular edges, with the exception of one of the two narrow sides. This side is then used for filling. The two rectangles can also be formed by a rectangular piece of fabric, foil, paper, etc., folded in the middle. However, bags can also be produced in a cylindrical shape, in a cylinder shape with an attached hemisphere and in many other variants.

In contrast to a bag , a sack usually has no handles for manual transport.


The size of bags varies. A garbage bag has a volume of up to 200 liters. In industry and construction, much larger bags are used, but these are technically referred to as bulk containers or big bags and have standard volumes of z. B. 1000 liters. Sacks with lids (lidded sacks) should have the advantage of hygienic and waterproof packaging or protection of materials.

Smaller packaging made of fabric, paper or plastic for loose goods is more likely to be referred to in Germany as a bag or bag and in Austria and parts of Bavaria as a “ bag ”. In parts of Baden-Württemberg, the word “peep” is also used for this.

For transport and storage, sacks are knotted at the top or tied with a cord. When being transported by people, they are often carried on their backs. Hand trucks can also be used to transport sacks . When filled, large bags such as big bags can usually only be handled mechanically, for example with a forklift .


Other, smaller carrying case are referred to as "bag", which actually bags represent

The sleeping bag named after it is also baggy in shape .


A sack is traditionally made of jute , but is now made from a wide variety of materials such as paper or plastic . Combinations of the various substances also occur here, e.g. B. a paper sack with an internal plastic layer as a moisture barrier z. B. with cement sacks .

Word origin

The word sack is of Semitic origin ( Phoenician-Hebrew saq , "material made of hair", "sack") and came to Europe via the Greek sákkos for “coarse material made from goat hair” and the Latin saccus . The Gothic sakkus or Old High German sac means "penitential robe made of coarse material", "mourning robe". Similar forms are also known in English , Czech , Dutch and French .

In the 19th century, the word jacket was derived for a non-fitted jacket.


The word is colloquial often and mostly derogatory in the figurative sense and in idioms , e.g. B. Pfeffersack , Money Bag, "old bag", "That's me on the bag", "bags outside the doors," "In sackcloth and ashes , etc." See. Also impasse .

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Sack  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : sacks  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge , Alfred Götze : Etymological dictionary of the German language . 20th ed., Ed. by Walther Mitzka , Berlin and New York 1967, reprint ibid 1975, p. 618.