San Ignacio de Velasco

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San Ignacio de Velasco
San Ignacio
San Ignacio
Basic data
Residents (state) 23,126 pop. (2012 census)
rank Rank 30
height 411  m
Post Code 07-0301-0100-1001
Telephone code (+591)
Coordinates 16 ° 22 ′  S , 60 ° 58 ′  W Coordinates: 16 ° 22 ′  S , 60 ° 58 ′  W
San Ignacio de Velasco (Bolivia)
San Ignacio de Velasco
San Ignacio de Velasco
Department Santa Cruz
province José Miguel de Velasco
Climate diagram San Ignacio de Velasco
Climate diagram San Ignacio de Velasco

San Ignacio de Velasco (also San Ignacio or SIV for short ) is a medium- sized town in the Santa Cruz department in the South American Andean state of Bolivia . It is the seat of the administration of the province of José Miguel de Velasco and a central place in the municipality of San Ignacio de Velasco .

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of San Ignacio de Velasco .


San Ignacio is located in the Bolivian lowlands in the Chiquitanía region , a largely untouched landscape at an altitude of 411  m between Santa Cruz and the Brazilian border. The city on the upper reaches of the Río Paraguá , which later flows into the Río Iténez , borders in the northeast on the artificially created Guapomó Lake , which supplies San Ignacio with the necessary process water.


Church of the Jesuit Reduction in San Ignacio de Velasco, restored by Hans Roth

The region's climate is a semi-humid climate of the warm tropics . The monthly average temperatures fluctuate only slightly over the course of the year between 20.9 ° C in June and 26.6 ° C in October, while between September and March they are almost constantly above 25 ° C (see climate diagram San Ignacio de Velasco). The annual mean temperature is 24.5 ° C. The annual rainfall averages 1200 mm over many years. Three quarters of the precipitation falls in the rainy season from November to March, while in the dry season in the arid months of June to August less than 30 mm fall per month.


San Ignacio was founded in 1748 by the Jesuits as a Jesuit reduction . A large church was completed in 1761, but it became increasingly dilapidated in the first half of the 20th century. It was reconstructed from 1998 to 2001, but since it is a modern building, it is not part of the UNESCO World HeritageJesuit Reductions of the Chiquitos ”. Today it is the cathedral church of the diocese of San Ignacio de Velasco, built in 1930.


The city's population has increased several times over in the past three and a half decades:

year Residents source
1976 2,998 census
1992 12 565 census
2001 19 401 census
2012 23 126 census

The national language Spanish is the main language of communication in San Ignacio. Due to its proximity to Brazil, part of the local population also speaks Portuguese . In addition, many residents speak the indigenous Chiquitano language.

Transport network

San Ignacio is just under 400 kilometers to the northeast from Santa Cruz, the capital of the department, with which the city is connected by regular bus services.

From Santa Cruz, the paved national road Ruta 4 leads over 57 kilometers in a northerly direction via Warnes to Montero . Here it meets Ruta 10 , which leads to the east for a distance of 279 kilometers and crosses the towns of San Ramón , San Javier and Santa Rosa de Roca as an asphalt road. The road is unpaved for the remaining 60 kilometers to San Ignacio, as well as on its 310 kilometers further east along the Brazilian border via San Vicente de la Frontera to San Matías and on to the Brazilian city of Cáceres , with which there is also a bus connection consists.

From San Ignacio to the south, the national road Ruta 17 leads via San Miguel and San Rafael to San José de Chiquitos, 200 kilometers away, and from there on via Ruta 4 in a southerly direction to Roboré and Puerto Suárez .

San Ignacio Airport, which was newly built until 2018, is located around 8 km west of the city.


  • Martin Schmid (1694–1772), Swiss Jesuit, worked as a missionary, musician and master builder mainly in the province of Chiquitos in today's Bolivia
  • Katherine David Céspedes (* 1988), Miss Bolivia 2007, born in San Ignacio

Individual evidence

  1. Guia Turistica de la Provincia "Velasco", Gobierno Municipal de San Ignacio de Velasco
  2. Bolivia en tus manos (Spanish)
  3. Thomas Brinkhoff: City Population
  4. ^ INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 1992
  5. ^ INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 2001
  6. INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 2012 ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

Web links

Commons : San Ignacio de Velasco  - collection of images, videos and audio files