Kroměříž Castle

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Kroměříž market square with a castle
Flower garden and rotunda

The Kroměříž Castle (German Kremsier ) is located in the town of the same name in Kroměříž in the Czech Republic and is now state-owned. It was added to the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage in 1998 , together with the castle park and the flower garden .


The castle was built on the site of a Gothic castle that was built on a ford . At the beginning of the 16th century, Bishop Stanislaus Thurzo arranged for it to be converted into a Renaissance palace . The castle then served as the main residence of the Olomouc bishops.

After the destruction of the Thirty Years' War , the castle was rebuilt from 1686 under the Archbishop of the Diocese of Olomouc , Karl II of Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn , according to designs by the Viennese architects Filiberto Lucchese and Giovanni Pietro Tencalla in the late Baroque style. The grounds of the castle park and the flower garden also go back to this time.

After a fire, Franz Hiernle created the sculptures and stucco work for the feudal hall and the library from 1752 to 1760, and around 1770 the Empire decor for the great hall. He supplied two sculptures for the archbishop's residence garden.

The representative and living rooms with their valuable interior furnishings, which include the hunting room, the council room and the throne room, as well as the rose and tsar salon, are well worth seeing. The vassal hall with ceiling frescoes by Franz Anton Maulbertsch , the castle library with a ceiling painting by the Brno painter Josef Stern and the Reichstag hall with three ceiling paintings by F. Adolf von Freenthal are extremely valuable . The sala terrena is richly decorated with stucco work by Baldassare Fontana .

The castle's picture gallery is the second most important in the Czech Republic after the Prague National Gallery . Excellent works of German, Italian and Dutch painting from the 15th to 19th centuries are shown in ten halls. These include paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder , Hans von Aachen , Jacob Bassano , Paolo Veronese , Titian ( Flaying of Marsyas ), January Breughel the Elder , Anthony van Dyck , Johann Heinrich Schonfeld .

The holdings in the music archive of Kremsier Castle are particularly valuable, including autographs by Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber and Pavel Josef Vejvanovský .

Until 1949 the castle was owned by the Archbishops of Olomouc . Today the castle is owned by the Czech State, while the picture gallery and interior belong to the Archdiocese of Olomouc .


Individual evidence

  1. Castles and palaces in the Czech Republic

Web links

Commons : Kroměříž Castle  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 18 ′ 1.3 ″  N , 17 ° 23 ′ 35.6 ″  E